Richard Donner Reveals The Movie Magic In SUPERMAN – American Film Institute

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Richard Donner Reveals The Movie Magic In SUPERMAN

Richard Donner’s SUPERMAN (1978) — the movie that first legitimized the superhero genre for mainstream audiences and foreshadowed the contemporary age of the comic book blockbuster — took its subject seriously and made audiences believe that a man could fly – no small leap, given the effects of the period. It was a cinematic flight of fancy in an era before digital effects, when practical innovation and filmmaking workarounds were required to produce the Man of Steel’s “movie magic.”

There was one scene that, even today, stands out to the director as a particularly notable production challenge: Superman’s quick change to Clark Kent (both Christopher Reeve) after dropping Lois Lane (Margot Kidder) off on her balcony after their “first date.”

During an exclusive talk with AFI Premiere Circle members last month, Donner revealed that he achieved the very seamless transition by filming a projection of Reeve and then including the actor himself in the same scene – to create one impressive, uninterrupted  shot. Watch the clip and then read the director’s play-by-play below.

Said Donner:

No computers in those days, none. Ninety percent of the things were impossible to do, so you made compromises. I wanted to do something in SUPERMAN that was a cinematic feat. I asked myself, “How am I going to get Christopher Reeve to be Superman, fly away, and 19 seconds later come in the door in a totally different wardrobe, totally different makeup everything and have the audience go, ‘Oh wow, it’s Superman!’”

I wanted to find something in the film that we could do where people will look and say “How did they do that?” Now, with computers, anything you say you wanna do, you can do. It just takes money.

We built the set of Margot’s apartment, with the balcony where he flies in with her and flies out, very early on. We ran the whole scene. Then, we separated the balcony from her apartment and did a shot of Christopher flying in with Margot and dropping her off and she walks off camera. So we have that piece of film and we stay on that piece of film and Christopher flies away in the film.

So we put the front projection machine on tracking wheels. But then we took that piece of film of Christopher flying in with Margot and Christopher flying away. We put the front projection machine up on the balcony in its entirety.

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We did their love scene where they come in and Margot slightly exits. She’s in the foreground, but in the background it’s really not the balcony, it’s a screen! And on that screen, we are projecting what we had shot four months earlier.

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And then when Christopher leaves, we have to break the camera away from this ton unit, which was projected on a piece of glass. It’s a mirror but instead of the reflection part of the mirror being in the back, it’s in the front.

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In any event, we’re re-photographing Margot in the foreground. and Christopher flying off. We’re re-photographing him in film flying away.

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Then we move with Margot and go through a little bush an enter her apartment. We go to the door and, of course, Christopher’s there.

Comments (6)

Anthony

Still the best superhero movie out there. The “can you read my mind” bit is a little….questionable, but completely forgivable.



    Kate

    The flight between Lois and Superman is so unabashedly romantic that I don’t even care that the poem is corny. It’s just pure, blissful romance. Reeve and Kidder were electric together. It still gets me.

    Look at that picture in the headline. I can’t stop staring at it.



Mike

My wife and I got married at the same time as the movie. I would liked to have had the intro music as our wedding instead of here comes the bride. Chris R. will be the one and only superman always. I miss him.



A.L. Hern

“Took its subject seriously”? With the whole Metropolis section of the film taken up with blustering, be-wigged Lex Luthor endlessy berating his doofus henchman, Otis, and lovelorn henchwoman, Miss Tessmacher, while plotting to set off a nuclear-missile-triggered earthquake that will shear off California from the West Coast so that all Luthor’s inland desert real estate will suddenly be worth a fortune? This inane comedy is taking its subject seriously?

Still, the biggest problem is that “Superman, the Movie” is really THREE movies: the pompous and pretentious Krypton sequence, comic-strip-as-Biblical epic; the central Smallville section; and the truly dreadful Metropolis section that can’t resist resorting to the inappropriate tongue-in-cheek that says, only too clearly, that the film’s makers think that they think the whole enterprise is ludicrous.

The three sections simply don’t fit together, their tones and apporaches are so markedly different. Only the Smallville sequence strikes exactly the right tone, capturing the mythical quality it’s obvious the filmmakers were after, but had little idea how to achieve.

The world is still waiting for THE great Superman movie but, considering the state of modern filmmaking and how it grows more cynical, uncinematic and shallow with each oassing day, I despair of its ever being made.



    Eddie

    I think you’re over analyzing Superman The Movie way too much. You need to come down a few levels from your ivory tower and join the rest of us so you can relax and enjoy this masterpiece Richard Donner has given us. If you have ever read the comic, you would understand that Donner took the most serious of elements from the pages of Superman and combined them into an epic along with the endearing charm of Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel. Along with the brilliant performance of Gene Hackman as Lex Luthor, Superman the Movie was and still is a ground breaking comic book film on every level.



Jasmine

Still the only Superman worth caring about in movie form. Thanks so much Donner.


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