AFI AWARDS 2008 – American Film Institute

AFI Awards

Honoring a year of excellence.

AFI AWARDS 2008

AFI MOVIES OF THE YEAR

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON

…is a modern movie miracle. Aglow in the wonderment of time, the film captures the poetry and pain of life with such originality that audiences may not want to awake from the dream the film casts upon them. Working from a screenplay by Eric Roth, David Fincher clocks in again as one of the most exciting voices in American film, and his extraordinary use of technology, often the enemy of performance, serves only to enhance Brad Pitt’s brilliant turn in the title role. Pitt’s chemistry with Cate Blanchett creates one of film history’s most powerful screen romances, reminding us all of the preciousness of each passing moment. Read the AFI Catalog entry

THE DARK KNIGHT

…leapt from the screen and into the zeitgeist of a nation desperate for a savior, but wary of the consequences of rushing to action. At once brave and bravura, this epic studio presentation succeeds as blockbuster entertainment and true artistic expression from Christopher Nolan, who devised the story with David S. Goyer and co-wrote the screenplay with his brother Jonathan. Christian Bale, Gary Oldman, Morgan Freeman, Aaron Eckhart, Michael Caine and Maggie Gyllenhaal lead a stellar cast marked forever in time by Heath Ledger’s re-imagining of “The Joker.” THE DARK KNIGHT is a movie that leaves your heart and mind racing as it redefines heroism for a new generation. Read the AFI Catalog entry

FROST/NIXON

…brings history to life with such dramatic intensity that audiences feel eyewitness to a duel of titans from the worlds of politics and journalism. Ron Howard and screenwriter Peter Morgan, working in perfect harmony, have reinvented Morgan’s stage play in cinematic terms, making it a dynamic ensemble piece where warring camps ready for battle. Tour de force performances by Frank Langella as Richard Nixon and Michael Sheen as David Frost command the screen with all the power of a Shakespeare play. This is not only a film about an historic event, but also the blinding light of hubris and the fight for how one is to be remembered. FROST/NIXON will be remembered as a classic. Read the AFI Catalog entry

FROZEN RIVER

…challenges audiences to witness the strength and the character of America’s underclass — and, ultimately, asks if they have what it takes to endure such hardship. First-time feature filmmaker Courtney Hunt tells the story of two women from different worlds who stand together in an astoundingly bleak landscape — unlikely partners on economic thin ice. Their struggle unfolds with such authenticity — free from the comfort endemic to most American films — that the pain and power of the story are palpable. The performances of Melissa Leo and Misty Upham stand among this year’s finest. Read the AFI Catalog entry

GRAN TORINO

…is a cultural landmark in the grand and glorious career of an American master — Clint Eastwood. As director and leading man, Eastwood examines his own iconography to tell a timely tale of crossing cultural boundaries, the enduring legacy of racism and the cost of poverty in our country’s neglected industrial cities. Though born from “Harry Callahan,” Eastwood’s “Walt Kowalski” reflects a more complicated definition of what it is to be a hero in today’s world. Watching a screen legend embody the times and triumph with such comic, tragic and cinematic flair is a thrill audiences will long remember as witness to film history. Read the AFI Catalog entry

IRON MAN

…smashes through the cinematic stratosphere to take its rightful place among the leading superhero sagas in American film. Witty and bold, this dynamic film is a shining example of summer entertainment that can both entertain and enlighten. Jon Favreau’s dynamic direction delights in the medium, using visual effects with a light touch and in perfect service to the story. Robert Downey, Jr.’s inspired interpretation lifts the title role off the pages of a comic book with great respect — and his own indelible quirkiness — launching it into the future as audiences cheer both a hero and their own humanity. Read the AFI Catalog entry

MILK

…is here to recruit you — and all audiences who yearn for stories of hope and inspiration. The film is a time capsule that comes to life through Sean Penn’s transformative performance, adding another chapter to the volumes this great American artist has written for the ages. His work here holds the center of a spectacular ensemble led by Josh Brolin, Emile Hirsch and James Franco. In a year when America went to the polls seeking change, director Gus Van Sant and screenwriter Dustin Lance Black crafted a story that soars above the biopic genre by illuminating the thrill of activism, celebrating the theater in America’s political process and extolling Milk’s legacy through his simple message — “You gotta give ’em hope.” Read the AFI Catalog entry

WALL•E

…proves to this generation and beyond that the film medium’s only true boundaries are the human imagination. Writer/director Andrew Stanton and his team have created a classic screen character from a metal trash compactor who rides to the rescue of a planet buried in the debris that embodies the broken promise of American life. Not since Chaplin’s “Little Tramp” has so much story — so much emotion — been conveyed without words. When hope arrives in the form of a seedling, the film blossoms into one of the great screen romances as two robots remind audiences of the beating heart in all of us that yearns for humanity — and love — in the darkest of landscapes. Read the AFI Catalog entry

WENDY AND LUCY

…is a precisely observed portrait of life on the edge in America, where every dollar is measured and daily decisions are high drama. Director, co-writer and co-editor Kelly Reichardt trusts the simplicity of a well-plotted, emotional story to reach its audience, infusing this minimalist movie about a woman and her dog with quiet moments that do not beg for sympathy. Michelle Williams’s heroic performance is the center of this powerful poem about friendship — what it is to care, to give and to let go — as the wail of a distant train calls for a better life. Read the AFI Catalog entry

THE WRESTLER

…is a cinematic smackdown that slams audiences head first into the harsh and harrowing world of professional wrestling. Director Darren Aronofsky and writer Robert D. Siegel transcend the sports genre, and fearlessly explore the dream-ravaged landscape of a performer whose time has come and gone. Mickey Rourke’s towering performance as “Randy ‘The Ram’ Robinson” stands firmly in the pantheon of great American performances on film — and his tag team of Marisa Tomei and Evan Rachel Wood prove once again that they are among the finest actors of their generation. Read the AFI Catalog entry

AFI TELEVISION PROGRAMS OF THE YEAR - OFFICIAL SELECTIONS

BREAKING BAD

is combustible television — a bold enterprise that illuminates how high the stakes are for “everyman” in modern-day America. Marked by an explosive mixture of dark comedy and pure savagery, this allegorical examination of a man in crisis springs from the mind of writer/director/creator Vince Gilligan, and together with his creative ensemble, they set the moral compass spinning. Bryan Cranston proves once again that he is one of the true talents of television as the tragic high school chemistry teacher who is faced with mortality, a desire to provide for his family and no easy answers along the way.

IN TREATMENT

redefined “appointment television” for 2008. The show’s innovative format presents a new episode every weeknight, each a daring one-act-play that sets a standard for dynamic drama via verbal combat. Writer/director/producer Rodrigo Garcia and his talented team expertly weave together the intimate stories of six patients and their psychotherapist with questions and answers that are not always what they — or we — want to hear. Gabriel Byrne leads this weekly master class on acting, with a standout performance by Mia Wasikowska as “Sophie,” the young gymnast. With IN TREATMENT, when your time is up…you want more.

JOHN ADAMS

is an act of heroism in the history of long-form television. This epic seven-part miniseries was born from the pages of David McCullough’s book, nurtured by the masterful rhythm and timbre of Kirk Ellis’s writing, and shaped and sculpted like a work of art by Tom Hooper’s extraordinary vision of America’s founding fathers. Never bowing to pageantry, this work presents an historical tale greater than unfolding events, articulating ideas that continue to echo across time. With a superb cast led by Paul Giamatti and Laura Linney, JOHN ADAMS is a gift to today’s generation, one most resonant in a year when American ideals were discussed and debated in the glow of televisions around the world.

LIFE

breathes new life into the classic cop show. The hallmark of Rand Ravich’s beautifully realized drama is the emergence of an original character in homicide detective “Charlie Crews,” a man reclaiming his life in a profession that brings him in touch with death each day on the beat. Compelling and insightful, this stylish procedural is not solely about solving a crime, but also about a range of adult, emotional issues not traditionally observed in the genre — including an arresting exploration of what it is to achieve transcendence.

LOST

found itself further solidifying its place in television history as one of America’s most addictive and audacious dramas. Now in its fourth year, each new episode defied convention with such authority that the show exemplified the term “surrender television,” transporting audiences beyond the boundaries of a remote island and back and forth across time. LOST is a wildly imaginative adventure series, and this year, time was not only of the essence — it was the essence — redefining the very possibility of storytelling on television.

MAD MEN

unveils a work of art each week — one reminiscent of a modernist painting that invites an audience to find more with each visit. Masterful in its music, costumes and production design, Matt Weiner and his brilliant creative ensemble delve deep below the surface glamour of the sixties and tap the psyche of a generation on the brink of enormous change. Though the show continues to be anchored by the commanding presence of Jon Hamm’s “Don Draper,” this year became a true ensemble piece, one that remains as insightful as a Bob Dylan anthem and as cool as a dry martini.

THE OFFICE

provides a potent tonic for what ails America in 2008. Creating a consistently funny situation comedy is among television’s greatest challenges, and THE OFFICE not only delivers the laughs each week, but grew even stronger this year by peeking into other cubicles and drawing stories from many exceptionally well-realized supporting characters. From flat out farce to touching displays of emotion, THE OFFICE celebrates the maddening dynamics and the embarrassing emotional intimacy of a family — the family we all love and endure at the work place.

RECOUNT

vividly captures an historic moment in America, as well as a reality that can only be appreciated in retrospect — that history is often written by the smallest of decisions, the quietest of conversations and the narrowest of margins. Director Jay Roach presents Danny Strong’s meticulously researched script in the great tradition of classic films like ALL THE PRESIDENT’S MEN — heart-pounding thrillers with endings well-known. Kevin Spacey, Denis Leary, Laura Dern and Tom Wilkinson lead a flawless acting ensemble, reminding us that truth — especially in politics — can be stranger than fiction.

THE SHIELD

entered its seventh and final season with great expectations and smashed through them with each new episode. Always faithful to the show’s inspired noir roots, Shawn Ryan and the creative ensemble drove the Strike Team through higher levels of dramatic storytelling and complex moral quandaries, with Michael Chiklis’s timeless and tortured “Vic Mackey” always at the rotten core. The season finale is an episodic masterpiece, as extraordinarily satisfying as it was inevitable — the perfect ending to a landmark series.

THE WIRE

captures the decay of an American city by calling upon the forces of many art forms — the novel, the opera, the motion picture — and combining them to present a show like no other on television. David Simon’s wizardry of the word harnesses the unique power of the medium to show the interconnectivity of our complex social and political systems, the consequences of their inability to relate and the dramatic effect on us all. This fifth and final season brought the curtain down on America’s tragic urban landscape — an ending that served as both love song and eulogy to a city, its institutions and its people.

MOMENTS OF SIGNIFICANCE

SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE – A CELEBRATION OF THE GLOBAL FILM

SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE stands as a monument to the possibilities of cross-cultural storytelling. Danny Boyle’s masterwork is rooted in the worlds of Dickens and Dumas but captures their spirit with a visual and narrative splendor that serves as a cinematic passport to a vibrant, modern India. A love story at its core, the film is also a powerful reminder that our global obsession with money leaves many of the world’s children in need.

Also of significance, SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE is a signpost in America’s search for greater authenticity in its stories. Subtitles — once an inconvenience to American audiences-are now expected and, in fact, demanded to confirm the universality of our daily, global experience.

Other films that reflect this cultural shift include GRAN TORINO, THE VISITOR, AUSTRALIA and television’s HEROES.

TELEVISION AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES PROVIDE A GLOBAL ORACLE FOR AMERICA'S PRESIDENTIAL RACE

America’s historic presidential race between Barack Obama and John McCain mesmerized a global audience like a long-running television series. Television and Web coverage played to each other’s strengths, as every nuance of the long, arduous campaigns was accessible for public celebration and scrutiny.

During this process, Obama not only won the election, but also took his place among those statesmen-from FDR’s “Fireside Chats” on radio to JFK’s telegenic performances in debates and news conferences-whose mastery of a new medium captured the public imagination.

Obama harnessed the power of the Internet for both messaging and fundraising, communicating with e-mails, online videos and social networking. His campaign crescendoed with a 30-minute infomercial that was transmitted simultaneously over several broadcast networks and cable channels in the closing days of the campaign.

New technology also helped to engage American citizens at unprecedented levels, most notably with CNN’s “Magic Map,” which brought a greater understanding of the electoral process to a new generation.

NBC COVERAGE OF SUMMER OLYMPICS BRINGS THE WORLD TOGETHER

For 17 days in August, NBC marshaled the forces of today’s technology to beam the spectacle of the 29th Summer Olympics from Beijing, China, to screens around the world. NBC supplemented their coverage on television with over 2,000 hours of video on-line, creating an immersive media experience that celebrated diverse cultures, as well as each country’s place in a larger, global community.

The Opening Ceremony, directed and staged by acclaimed Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou, marked the most significant live event of the year-one staged with breathtaking pageantry and poetry. The Opening Ceremony was seen by nearly 2 billion viewers worldwide, with 70 million viewers in the United States-a record American audience for an Olympics on foreign soil.

AFI salutes the athletes from around the world that inspire audiences to reach for more-and to NBC, for capturing this historic event with such glory and grandeur, making us all players in these global games.

"AGE OF ANXIETY" AS BUSINESS MODELS FOR THE ARTS EVOLVE

Though the Writers Guild of America ended its strike in February, the tension between artists and executives continues. The one certainty in these uncertain times is that the film and television communities continue to redefine their business models for the digital age.

A significant moment in the evolution of content delivery was NBC and News Corp’s launch of Hulu, the first popular effort to present premium content in a user-friendly, no-fee, on-line exhibition experience.

Seismic shifts in the television advertising model included NBC’s announcement that THE TONIGHT SHOW WITH JAY LENO would be moving to prime time, marking a dramatic reduction of drama on network television. Meanwhile, narrative fiction on cable television continues to grow and flourish. And in a new twist, DIRECTV-a distributor-funded a third season of FRIDAY NIGHT LIGHTS, an hour-long high-quality drama supported by an ardent fan base too small for network television.

With the historic downturn in the American economy, these issues weigh even greater than ever-as America looks to the worlds of film, television and digital media for entertainment

TINA FEY — AMERICA'S FIRST LADY OF LAUGHS

TINA FEY — AMERICA’S FIRST LADY OF LAUGHS Tina Fey made the world laugh in 2008-an immeasurable gift in a year marked by ongoing war and an historic economic downturn.

Fey’s impersonation of vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin served as a lightning rod for laughs when she appeared on the season premiere of SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE. As America entered the final months of a long and heated campaign, Fey captivated the country with the wink of an eye.

In addition to regular appearances as Palin on SNL, Fey also continued to serve as writer, producer and star of 30 ROCK, a weekly testament to her talents as America’s first lady of laughs.

INDEPENDENT FILM ARTISTS FACE DISTRIBUTION CRISIS

2008 marked a year when many of the independent film divisions created by the studios-Paramount Vantage, New Line, Warner Independent and Picturehouse-were closed or folded back into their parent corporations.

Despite the unprecedented availability of filmmaking tools and the explosion of opportunity in on-line exhibition, the challenge for independent voices in American film is perhaps greater than ever. Now, an artist outside the studio system must also master finance and distribution to have their stories told.

This moment is best illustrated in 2008 by BALLAST — by writer/editor/producer/director Lance Hammer. When the heralded film struggled to find an audience through traditional means, Hammer took the movie back from the distributor and embarked on his own campaign to market the film.

FILM CRITICS LOSE VOICE

In 2008, many of the ardent voices of film criticism were silenced. Full-time posts at Time, Newsweek, The Los Angeles Times, The Village Voice and Newsday, among others, were eliminated as the circulation of newspapers and magazines declined. As a result, writing about film has moved to the Web-a world where authority can be lost among the voice of the masses.

AFI celebrates the global community of film lovers interacting on-line, but also encourages these conversations to honor and appreciate historical context in addition to personal opinion.

The year also marked the passing of iconoclastic film critic Manny Farber. Farber was a champion of genres overlooked by many critics-crime, westerns and horror films-whose raw energy he admired. Among the publications in which his words appeared were The Nation, The New Republic and Film Comment.

DR. HORRIBLE OPERATES IN EXPLOSION OF SHORT FORM

In 2008, director/writer Joss Whedon’s DR. HORRIBLE’S SING-ALONG BLOG was released as three 13-minute webisodes and quickly became a cult hit. The films mark another moment in the evolution of established artists presenting short films on-line-pioneered last year by Will Ferrell’s THE LANDLORD.

This movement was catalyzed in part by the Writers Guild strike of 2007, when artists from film and television came together in greater numbers to express themselves in the short form, an integral part of the moving-image experience since the dawn of cinema.

DONATE

SIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTER