Updated August 19, 2022
What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a disease caused by infection with the Monkeypox virus. This virus has been found in humans since 1970 and vaccinations and treatments are available. Researchers are still working on better understanding the current outbreak, guidance may change as more information becomes available.
How does it spread?
Monkeypox can spread through close contact including:
- Direct contact with rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox including skin-to-skin and intimate contact
- Touching objects (surfaces, clothing/linens, etc.) that have been used by a person with monkeypox
- Contact with respiratory droplets from a person infected with monkeypox
- Pregnant people can spread the virus to their fetus through the placenta
How can I prevent transmission?
- Frequent handwashing and hand sanitizer use, especially before touching your face and after using the restroom or high-touch surfaces such as doorknobs
- Avoid close contact with people who are infected or suspected to be infected with monkeypox
- Avoid contact with objects such as cups, bedding, towels, and clothing used by a person with monkeypox
- Wearing a mask can prevent spread of respiratory droplets when interaction with an infected individual is unavoidable
- Get vaccinated if you are eligible. Jynneos is safe and effective for monkeypox prevention
What are the signs and symptoms?
Symptoms can arise 5-21 days after exposure to the virus. Rashes and lesions may appear on the face, chest, palms, soles of feet, genitals, anus, or inside the mouth and may spread throughout the body. Some individuals only experience a rash, others experience a rash followed by other symptoms. Some people have flu-like symptoms before the rash including fever, fatigue, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, and cough or sore throat. A rash or lesions may appear 1-4 days after the onset of flu-like symptoms. Symptoms generally resolve within 2-4 weeks.
What do I do if I have symptoms?
Do not come to campus or set and immediately reach out to your primary care provider. If you do not have one, please reach out to LA County by dialing 2-1-1. A physician can provide testing and further guidance on appropriate treatments as well as information on how long isolation is necessary.
What do I do if I’ve been in close contact with somebody infected?
The LA County Department of Public Health will reach out to individuals exposed to a confirmed case to invite them to receive the vaccine. This vaccine has been FDA approved for adults 18 years of age and older to prevent smallpox and monkeypox. The vaccine can be used as post-exposure prophylaxis meaning it can be administered shortly after exposure.
FDA (vaccine info)