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Logan's Run
Director: Michael Anderson (Dir)
Release Date:   1976
Premiere Information:   Los Angeles and New York openings: 23 Jun 1976
Duration (in mins):   118
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Cast: Starring Michael York (Logan [5]) as
  Starring Richard Jordan (Francis [7]) as
  Co-starring: Jenny Agutter (Jessica [6]) as
    Roscoe Lee Browne (Box) as
    Farrah Fawcett-Majors (Holly) as
    Michael Anderson, Jr. (Doc) as
  And Peter Ustinov (Old Man) as
  With: Randolph Roberts (2nd Sanctuary man) as
    Lara Lindsay (The woman runner) as
    Gary Morgan (Billy) as
  [and] Michelle Stacy (Mary 2) as
  Also: Laura Hippe (Woman customer) as
    David Westberg (Sandman) as
    Camilla Carr (Sanctuary woman) as
    Gregg Lewis (Cub) as
    Ashley Cox (Timid girl) as
    Bill Couch (Sandman) as
  [and] Glen Wilder (Runner) as

Summary: In the 23rd century, humans have survived war, pollution and overpopulation by building a utopia in a domed city. A highly advanced computer sustains life while the people spend their time in pursuit of pleasure. Children are now born in laboratories and life clocks implanted in babies' hands. When a person reaches the age of thirty, he or she faces Last Day, going to a ritual called Carrousel, where he or she will either die or be renewed. Anyone who does not report to Carrousel is considered a "runner" and is hunted down by Sandmen. In the maternity unit, Francis 7 finds his fellow Sandman, Logan 5, looking at Logan 6, his offspring. When Francis hopes Logan never tried to meet the mother, Logan laughs and says he is not perverse. Later, Logan and Francis enter a crowded amphitheater to watch Carrousel. Masked figures in white robes step forward and are lifted skyward. The crowd screams, "Renew!" One by one, the figures burst into sparks and dissolve. Logan receives a text message that a runner is at gate five. The would-be escapee is cornered by Logan and Francis, who chase the man until they get bored, then shoot him. Logan collects the man’s personal belongings, which includes an ankh, a cross with a loop on top. Checking the man’s identification, Logan realizes the man has different facial characteristics than those depicted in his photograph. Later, at home, Logan relaxes by scanning the dating "circuit." He presses a button and Jessica 6, a beautiful woman with an ankh necklace, materializes. When Jessica refuses Logan's sexual advances, he asks why she put herself on the circuit in the first place. She explains that her friend was killed in Carrousel that evening and she thought sex would make her feel better. When Logan asks why she said “killed” instead of “renewed,” she replies that killing is what Logan does to people. Francis arrives with two party girls and Jessica leaves. The next day, Francis and Logan run into a Sandman with gashes on his face. The man says he was attacked in the Cathedral quadrant and is going to “NEWYOU” to be rejuvenated. Logan says he may go to there to investigate why the runner he captured the previous day was given a transformed face on his last day. At headquarters, Francis deposits personal items taken from deceased runners. As the computer welcomes him, the items dissolve. He then arranges to meet Logan at his gym and leaves. When Logan processes his runner’s belongings, the computer asks him to sit down and look at a screen. A drawing of the ankh appears with the word “Sanctuary.” The computer tells Logan that the ankh is a symbol for a safe haven called Sanctuary that is outside the dome. Since 1056 runners are unaccounted for, the computer orders Logan to work undercover to find and destroy Sanctuary. When Logan asks if the runners may have renewed, the computer ignores the question and says the whole system will fail if people don’t believe in Carrousel. Logan protests that he has four more years to last day and can not pass as a runner. Just then, his life clock starts flashing, indicating he is nearing Last Day. He asks if he will get the four years back, but the computer remains silent. Later, Logan has Jessica brought to his quarters and he asks her to help him run away. When she says Sandmen don’t escape, Logan shows her his flashing life clock and says it is different now that he is facing last day. He then shows her the ankh and asks her to get him to Sanctuary. However, Jessica doesn’t believe Logan and guides him into a trap, but before he realizes he is ensnared, Logan receives a runner alert. He tells Jessica the runner is in the Cathedral quadrant, a place where they send violent children. Jessica insists on joining him there. In the Cathedral, Logan corners a woman runner. He says he won’t hurt her and shows his own life clock blinking. He asks if she knows about Sanctuary and when she says no, he lets her go. After Logan and Jessica leave, Francis kills the woman. Jessica tells Logan that her friends want to kill him, but he insists on meeting them. First they go to NEWYOU where an assistant, Holly, straps Logan into a machine that uses lasers and instant healers to sculpt new faces. The doctor, Doc, tells Jessica that she shouldn’t have brought Logan into the rebels' way station, but Jessica convinces him that Logan is running. After receiving a phone call, Doc sets the machine to kill Logan, who fights back and Doc is killed. Francis arrives and demands to know what is happening, but Logan knocks him down and runs away with Jessica. Jessica takes Logan into a maintenance area where a group of people with pain sticks surround them causing Logan to activate a homing device. Holly enters and accuses Logan of killing Doc, but Jessica forces the girl to admit that another Sandman was after Logan. The group leader tells Logan that he is not yet in Sanctuary and directs him to follow the nearby tunnels. As Jessica insists on joining Logan, an explosion rocks the room and a group of Sandmen appear. Francis begs Logan to surrender and vows that he will be forgiven, but Logan shoots at him and runs away. Soon, Logan and Jessica come to a locked door and realize that the ankhs are keys. Although Jessica drops her ankh in water, Logan still has his. As they unlock the door and slam it shut behind them, Francis finds Jessica’s ankh and follows them into a room with a glass wall separating them from the ocean. Francis fires at Logan, but hits the glass. Before the room completely floods, Logan and Jessica climb into an airlock. Logan then triggers an elevator that takes them into a frozen grotto full of ice sculptures. There they meet Box, a large robot, who explains that his job is to freeze protein from the sea. Box says he doesn’t know about Sanctuary, but when Logan asks if any other runners have come this way, Box shows them humans that are encased in ice. Box explains they are protein, just like Logan and Jessica, and announces that he must freeze them, too. Logan pulls out his gun, but Box grabs Logan's arm, causing him to shoot the ceiling, which collapses and buries Box. Logan and Jessica escape outside and see the sun for the first time. After climbing down a waterfall, walking through underbrush, and swimming in a lake, they make love. Later, they find the ruins of Washington, D.C. In the Capitol Building, they meet Old Man, who is so old he has forgotten his name. Logan realizes that Old Man has no life clock because he was born instead of grown in a laboratory. Old Man shows them his cats, explaining that with the exception of his mother and father, he has never met any people, and Logan realizes Sanctuary does not exist. As Logan explores, he hears his name called out and he sees Francis holding a gun to Jessica's head. Logan explains that everything the computer said is a lie and he can prove it, then tells Francis to look at his hand. Francis does so and is stunned to see his life clock is clear. He drops his gun, Jessica throws the weapon to the side and Francis leaps on Logan. They fight until Logan fatally wounds Francis with a flagpole. As Francis dies, he sees that Logan's life clock is also clear, then smiles and announces Logan is renewed. After burying Francis, Logan and Jessica convince Old Man to return to the dome to prove there is another way to live. On the journey, Old Man explains the concept of husband and wife, so Logan and Jessica decide to get married. Logan and Jessica swim into the city via a water treatment system. They arrive in time for Carrousel and yell to the people good news of another world, but no one listens and they are arrested. Back at headquarters, the computer taps into Logan's mind and demands to know about Sanctuary. Logan grabs a Sandman's gun and blows up the computer, which sets off a chain reaction of explosions. As people run out of the collapsing city, they find Old Man. One woman touches his beard and laughs. The crowd surges forward toward freedom as Logan hugs Jessica. 

Production Text: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Presents
A Saul David Production
Brand Name:

Distribution Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer  
Director: Michael Anderson (Dir)
  Byron Roberts (Unit prod mgr)
  David Silver (Asst dir)
  Alan H. Brimfield (2d asst dir)
  Win Phelps (2d asst dir)
Producer: Saul David (Prod)
  Hugh Benson (Assoc prod)
Writer: David Zelag Goodman (Scr)
Photography: Ernest Laszlo (Dir of photog)
  Don Stott (Chief set elec)
  Martin G. Kashuk (Key grip)
Art Direction: Dale Hennesy (Art dir)
Film Editor: Bob Wyman (Ed)
  Freeman A. Davies, Jr. (Assoc film ed)
  Charles G. Ellison (Asst film ed)
Set Decoration: Jack M. Marino (Prop master)
  Charles Sertin (Prop asst)
  Robert de Vestel (Set dec)
Costumes: Bill Thomas (Cost des)
  Edna Taylor (Ward)
  Dick Butz (Ward)
Music: Jerry Goldsmith (Mus)
  William Saracino (Mus ed)
  Harry V. Lojewski (Mus supv)
Sound: Todd-AO (Filmed in)
  Richard Vetter (Consultant)
  Jerry Jost (Sd)
  Harry W. Tetrick (Sd)
  William McCaughey (Sd)
  Aaron Rochin (Sd)
  John P. Riordan (Sd ed)
Special Effects: L. B. Abbott (Spec visual eff des by)
  Frank Van Der Veer (Addl visuals)
  Matthew Yuricich (Matte paintings)
  Glen Robinson (Spec eff)
  Larry Robinson (Asst to L. B. Abbott)
  Christopher Outwater (Laser consultant)
  Multiplex Co. (Holograms by)
  MGM (Titles and opticals)
  Jim Liles (Opt supv)
  Gerald Ender (Spec eff)
  Charles Elmendorf (Spec eff)
Dance: Stefan Wenta (Choreog)
Make Up: William Tuttle (Makeup)
  Judy Alexander Corey (Hair styles)
Production Misc: Jack Baur (Casting)
  Lara Lindsay (Asst to the prod)
  Ray Quiroz (Scr supv)
  Leon Charles (Dial coach)
  Don Morgan (Unit pub)
Stand In: Glen Wilder (Stunt coord)
  Bill Couch (Stunt coord)
MPAA Rating: PG
Country: United States
Language: English

Music:
Songs:
Source Text: Based on the novel Logan's Run by William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson (New York, 1967).
Authors: George Clayton Johnson
  William F. Nolan

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Turner Entertainment Company 16/9/1977 dd/mm/yyyy LP49465

PCA NO: 24365
Physical Properties: Sd: Dolby System™ noise reduction-high fidelity
  col: Metrocolor

 
Genre: Science fiction
 
Subjects (Major): Afterlife
  Age
  Computers
  The Future
  Utopias
 
Subjects (Minor): Cats
  Friendship
  Human sacrifice
  Lincoln Memorial
  Plastic surgery
  Poetry
  Police
  Ray guns
  Robots
  Romance
  Sex
  Swamps
  Undercover operations
  Washington (D.C.)
  Wilderness areas

Note: The following written statement appears in the opening credits: “Sometime in the 23rd century...the survivors of war, overpopulation and pollution are living in a great domed city, sealed away from the forgotten world outside. Here, in an ecologically balanced world, mankind lives only for pleasure, freed by the servo-mechanisms which provide everything. There's just one catch: Life must end at thirty unless reborn in the fiery ritual of carrousel.”
       The end credits include a mention of the use of Kenworthy Snorkel Camera Systems, then offer thanks to the Texas Film Commission, Dallas, Texas, Diane Booker, Executive Director; and W.E. Cooper, President, Dallas Market Center, Dallas Texas. This is followed by the statement: "Grateful acknowledgment is made for filming in OZ Restaurant, Dallas Texas, in National Health Studio, Arlington, Texas, and at the Ft. Worth Water Gardens, Ft. Worth, Texas." There is also an acknowledgement given to Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T.S. Eliot that is quoted by permission.
       Although a 30 Jan 1968 HR news item announced that the film was set to be produced by George Pal and written by Richard Maibaum, neither man is credited on screen. Similarly, a 7 Mar 1968 DV brief stated that Gabrielle Scognamillo was hired as art director with Duane Alt as illustrator, but neither Scognamillo or Alt remained with the project. Later that year, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) exercised its $100,000 option of Logan’s Run. according to a 20 Nov 1968 HR news item. While the 30 Jan 1968 HR reported principal photography was scheduled to begin Sep 1968 and a 27 Feb 1969 DV news item announced that filming was planned for Brasilia, Brazil, the project remained in limbo over the next several years, with MGM considering its placement at another studio or shooting it as an independent film as stated in a 27 Feb 1969 DV news item.
       A 16 Nov 1973 DV article stated that Saul David and Stanley Greenberg were hired to co-produce and co-write the picture with a $3 million budget. Several days later, a 20 Nov 1973 HR news item listed David as the producer and Greenberg as the writer; however, Greenberg is not credited in the film.
       A news item in the 28 Oct 1975 DV stated that new anamorphic lenses were developed by Todd-AO for Logan’s Run. The lenses were capable of photographing up to 128 degrees, which is almost the scope of the three-strip Cinerama process.
       Per an article in the 30 Oct 1975 LAHExam, David and two special effects men, Gerald Ender and Charles Elmendorf were injured while filming the dome city exploding. David sustained minor injuries, while Elmendorf was taken to the hospital and then released. Ender suffered first and second degree burns to his arms and hands and was hospitalized.
       The novel differs from the movie in that earth’s population hits critical mass in the year 2000 a.d. and, by 2126 a.d., “Lastday” is set at the age of twenty-one, where a person is brought to a “Sleepshop” and killed by inhaling a pleasure inducing gas. Also in the novel, Francis is revealed to be “Ballard” a forty-two year old man who helps runners escape. Sanctuary is an old earth colony on Mars that Ballard helps them to escape to on a rocket.
       The film opened on 23 Jun 1976 to mixed reviews. Vincent Canby in the 24 Jun 1976 NYT praised the film's special effects, but found the script lacking.
       Confronting charges that the film is racist, David stated in the 7 Aug 1977 LAT that he attempted to cast thirty percent of the film’s extras with actors representing different minority groups, but he was unable to procure such actors from the Screen Extras Guild (SEG). David’s claim was confirmed by SEG. David also dispelled rumors that extras in the carousel scene acted in ‘blackface,” noting that black makeup was used around the actor’s eyes because they were wearing white masks.
       A 31 Dec 1976 Entertainment Today article stated that Logan’s Run was named best science fiction film of 1976 by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films. The Academy had previously give individual “Golden Scrolls” to the film for cinematography, art direction, set decoration, costuming, makeup and publicity.
       Logan’s Run was made into a television series. Fourteen episodes were broadcast on Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from Sep 1977 to Feb 1978.
       A 5 Mar 2005 HR article announced that Logan’s Run was in development for a remake at Warner Bros. with Bryan Singer as director and Joel Silver as producer. Singer was hired to write the script with Ethan Gross and Paul Todisco, and Gy Dyas was set to be the production designer. However, the project remained unproduced due to Singer’s scheduling conflicts. HR reported on 1 Dec 2010 that Carl Rinsch was hired as director, but left the picture to direct 47 Ronin and, again on 11 Nov 2011, that Nicholas Winding Refn was set to direct, with Andrew Baldwin rewriting the script. Although actor Ryan Gosling had contracted to star in the remake, he left the project in Oct 2012.
 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Daily Variety   27 Feb 1969.   
Daily Variety   7 Mar 1968.   
Daily Variety   16 Nov 1973   
Hollywood Reporter   30 Jan 1968   
Hollywood Reporter   20 Nov 1968.   
Hollywood Reporter   20 Nov 1973   
Hollywood Reporter   18 Jun 1976   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   5 Mar 2005.   
Hollywood Reporter   1 Dec 2010.   
Los Angeles Herald Examiner   30 Oct 1975.   
Los Angeles Times   22 Jun 1976   p. 1.
Los Angeles Times   7 Aug 1977.   
New York Times   24 Jun 1976   p. 25.
Variety   16 Jun 1976   p. 18.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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