AFI Catalog of Feature Films
Movie Detail
Name Occurs Before Title Offscreen Credit Print Viewed By AFI
Forrest Gump
Director: Robert Zemeckis (Dir)
Release Date:   6 Jul 1994
Production Date:   began 8 Aug 1993
Duration (in mins):   140 or 142
Print this page
Display Movie Summary


Cast:   Tom Hanks (Forrest Gump) in
    Robin Wright (Jenny Curran)  
    Gary Sinise (Lieutenant Dan Taylor)  
    Mykelti Williamson ([Benjamin Buford] Bubba Blue)  
  and Sally Field (Mrs. Gump)  
    Rebecca Williams (Nurse at park bench)  
    Michael Conner Humphreys (Young Forrest)  
    Harold Herthum (Doctor)  
    George Kelly (Barber)  
    Bob Penny (Crony)  
    John Randall (Crony)  
    Sam Anderson (Principal)  
    Margo Moorer (Louise)  
    Ione M. Telech (Elderly woman)  
    Christine Seabrook (Elderly woman's daughter)  
    John Worsham (Southern gentleman)  
    Peter Dobson (Young Elvis Presley)  
    Siobhan J. Fallon (School bus driver)  
    Alexander Zemeckis (School bus boy)  
    Logan Livingston Gomez (School bus boy)  
    Ben Waddel (School bus boy)  
    Elizabeth Hanks (School bus girl)  
    Hanna R. Hall (Young Jenny Curran)  
    Tyler Long (Red headed boy)  
    Christopher Jones (Boy with cross)  
    Grady Bowman (Fat boy)  
    Kevin Mangan (Jenny's father)  
    Fay Genens (Jenny's grandmother)  
    Frank Geyer (Police Chief)  
    Rob Landry (Red headed teen)  
    Jason McGuire (Fat teen)  
    Pete Auster (Teen with cross)  
    Sonny Shroyer (College football coach)  
    Brett Rice (High school football coach)  
    Ed Davis (High school football coach)  
    Daniel Striepeke (Recruiter)  
    Bruce Lucvia (Kick off return player)  
    David Brisbin (Newscaster)  
    Kirk Ward (Earl)  
    Angela Lomas (Black student)  
    Timothy Record (Black student)  
    Deborah McTeer (Woman with child on park bench)  
    Mark Matheisen (Jenny's date)  
    Al Harrington (Local anchor #1)  
    Jed Gillin (President Kennedy's voice)  
    Bob Harks (University dean)  
    Don Fischer (Army recruiter)  
    Kenneth Bevington (Army bus driver)  
    Michael Flannery (Bus recruit)  
    Gary Robinson (Bus recruit)  
    Marlena Smalls (Bubba's mother)  
    Kitty K. Green (Bubba's great grandmother)  
    John Worsham (Landowner)  
    Afemo Omilami (Drill sargeant)  
    Matt Wallace (Barracks recruit)  
    Danté McCarthy (Topless girl)  
    Paulie DiCocco (Emcee)  
  Club patrons: Mike Jolly    
    Michael Kemmerling    
    John Voldstad    
  [and] Jeffrey Winner    
    Russ Wilson (Pick-up truck driver)  
    Daniel J. Gillooly (Helicopter gunman)  
    Calvin Gadsden (Sargeant Sims)  
    Aaron Izbicki (Dallas)  
    Michael Burgess (Cleveland)  
    Steven Griffith (Tex)  
    Bill Roberson (Fat man at bench)  
    Michael McFall (Army hospital male nurse)  
    Eric Underwood (Mail call soldier)  
    Stephan Derelian (Wounded soldier)  
    Byron Minns (Wounded soldier)  
    Stephen Wesley Bridgewater (Hospital officer)  
    Bonnie Ann Burgess (Army nurse)  
    Scott Oliver (National correspondent #1)  
    John William Galt (President Johnson's voice)  
    Hilary Chaplain (Hilary)  
    Isabel Rose (Isabel)  
    Jay Ross (Veteran at war rally)  
    Richard D'Alessandro (Abbie Hoffman)  
    Dick Stilwell (Policeman at war rally)  
    Kevin Davis (Black Panther)  
    Michael Jace (Black Panther)  
    Geoffrey Blake (Wesley)  
    Tim Perry (Hippie at commune)  
    Vanessa Roth (Hollywood boulevard girlfriend)  
    Emily Carey (Hollywood boulevard girlfriend)  
    Paul Raczkowski (Man in VW Bug)  
    Valentino (Chinese ping pong player)  
    Dick Cavett (Dick Cavett)  
    Joe Stefanelli (John Lennon's voice)  
    Tiffany Salerno (Carla)  
    Marla Sucharetza (Lenore)  
    Aloysius Gigl (Musician boyfriend)  
    Jack Bowden (National correspondent #4)  
    Joe Alaskey (President Nixon's voice)  
    Lazarus Jackson (Discharge officer)  
    W. Benson Terry (Stanley Loomis)  
    Matt Rebenkoff (Drugged out boyfriend)  
    Peter Bannon (Local correspondent #2)  
    The Hallelujah Singers of Beaufort, South Carolina (Church choir)  
    Joe Washington (Local anchor #2)  
    Nora Dunfee (Elderly southern woman)  
    Natalie Hendrix (Local anchor #3)  
    Hallie D'Amore (Waitress in cafe)  
    Jim Hanks (Running double)  
    Chiffonye Cobb (Hannibal reporter)  
    Juan Singleton (Hannibal reporter)  
    Bobby Richardson (Hannibal reporter)  
    Michael Mattison (Taxi driver)  
    Lenny Herb (Young man running)  
    Charles Boswell (Aging hippie)  
    Tim McNeil (Wild eyed man)  
    Haley Joel Osment (Forrest Junior)  
    Lonnie Hamilton (The minister)  
    Teresa Denton (Lieutenant Dan's fiancee)  

Summary: Forrest Gump, a middle-aged man seated on a bus bench in Savannah, Georgia, offers a chocolate to an African-American nurse beside him. He tells the nurse an old saying of his mother’s: “Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get.” Forrest explains that he was named after an ancestor, General Nathan Forrest, who started the Ku Klux Klan, a racist organization. By naming her son "Forrest," Mrs. Gump wanted him to remember that people sometimes do things that don’t make any sense. Decades earlier, in Greenbow, Alabama, young Forrest lives with Mrs. Gump, his single mother, in a large, rural house where she rents out rooms to travelers. Born with a crooked spine, Forrest is made to wear a pair of leg braces to straighten his back. One day, a school administrator, Mr. Hancock, tells Mrs. Gump that Forrest cannot attend public school because his intelligence quotient of seventy-five is too low, but Mrs. Gump changes Hancock’s mind by having sex with him. Later, while a musician houseguest plays his guitar, Forrest dances, moving awkwardly due to his leg braces. Afterward, Mrs. Gump and Forrest spot the houseguest on television – it is Elvis Presley, a famous rock n’ roll musician, emulating Forrest’s style of dancing. On his first day of school, Forrest is shunned by all the kids on the school bus except by Jenny, a young girl who is abused by her alcoholic father. Forrest and Jenny become close friends, and, one day, when bullies throw rocks at Forrest, Jenny instructs him to run. Forrest runs so fast that the braces come off of his legs. From that day forward, Forrest runs everywhere he goes and eventually his athletic abilities earn him a football scholarship to the University of Alabama. When Forrest visits Jenny at her all-girl college, he embarrasses her by interrupting a date with a young man. Later that night, Jenny places Forrest’s hand on her breast, and he apologizes after ejaculating inside his pants. When he is selected for the All-American football team, Forrest meets President John F. Kennedy at the White House in Washington, D.C. Upon graduation, Forrest joins the United States Army and befriends Bubba Blue, another recruit who hails from a long line of shrimp fishermen. One night, a soldier hands Forrest a Playboy magazine with nude pictures of Jenny. On leave, Forrest goes to the topless bar where Jenny is working in Memphis, Tennessee, and when a man splashes Jenny with his drink, Forrest hits him and carries Jenny offstage. Afterward, she reprimands Forrest for trying to save her. Forrest tells Jenny he loves her, but she replies that he doesn’t know what love is. After they are sent to fight in the Vietnam War, Bubba suggests to Forrest that they start a shrimp fishing business when they return home. Sometime later, Forrest’s troop is ambushed in the jungle and Forrest saves several injured men, including his troop leader, Lieutenant Dan, by carrying them to safety. Although he is shot in the buttocks, Forrest heads back into the line of fire to find Bubba. Discovering that his friend is fatally injured, Forrest cradles Bubba in his arms as he dies. In the Army hospital, Forrest convalesces next to Lieutenant Dan, who has lost both his legs and resents Forrest for saving his life. Meanwhile, Forrest receives a stack of letters that were returned, unopened, from Jenny’s address in Greenbow. When he is awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor, Forrest returns to the White House and meets President Lyndon B. Johnson. During an anti-war protest outside the Washington Monument, Forrest is invited onto the stage to talk about the war, but an Army official unplugs the speaker system so that Forrest’s speech is inaudible. Spotting Forrest from the crowd, Jenny runs into the Reflecting Pool where Forrest joins her. Jenny takes Forrest to the headquarters of the Black Panthers, an African-American militant group, and one of the members lectures Forrest on the Vietnam War. When her boyfriend slaps Jenny across the face, Forrest attacks him. Later, Forrest tells Jenny that he would never hit her, saying he would like to be her boyfriend. However, after walking around with Forrest all night, Jenny returns to her abusive boyfriend. As she and the boyfriend board a bus, Forrest gives Jenny his Medal of Honor. Forrest, who spent countless hours playing ping-pong during his convalescence, travels to Army hospitals and teaches wounded soldiers how to play. Upon winning an international ping-pong championship in China, Forrest becomes a celebrity in the United States and is interviewed on The Dick Cavett Show alongside John Lennon of the famous rock n’ roll band, The Beatles. Leaving the show, Forrest runs into Lieutenant Dan who is now a bitter, wheelchair-bound alcoholic. After spending Christmas together, Forrest and Lieutenant Dan celebrate New Year’s Eve at a bar in New York City. Forrest daydreams about Jenny, who is in California, sneaking away from yet another abusive boyfriend. Traveling with the U.S. Ping-Pong Team, Forrest meets President Richard Nixon, and Nixon recommends that Forrest stay at the Watergate Hotel. There, Forrest notices flashlights inside the adjacent Watergate office complex one night and calls security, thus uncovering the infamous Watergate break-in. After he is discharged from the Army, Forrest receives $25,000 for endorsing a ping-pong paddle and uses the money to start a shrimp fishing business called Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, in honor of Bubba. Forrest names his boat Jenny and hires Lieutenant Dan to be his first mate, raising Dan’s spirits. Elsewhere, Jenny takes drugs and contemplates suicide. Although Forrest and Lieutenant Dan initially encounter obstacles at sea, their luck changes when a hurricane washes in an abundance of shrimp, making Bubba Gump an overnight success. One day on the boat, Forrest learns that Mrs. Gump is sick and he rushes home. Shortly after his return, Mrs. Gump dies from cancer. Since Lieutenant Dan invested Bubba Gump money into Apple Computers, Forrest receives windfall profits and gives his money away to churches, hospitals, and Bubba’s family. Forrest moves back into his mother’s house and cuts the grass at Greenbow’s high school football field for free. One day, Jenny arrives, and Forrest provides her with a room. First, she sleeps for a very long time, and after that, they walk around Greenbow together. When they come upon her father’s old house, Jenny becomes angry, throwing things and crying. On the Fourth of July, Forrest asks Jenny to marry him, but she refuses, saying he doesn’t want to marry her. Later that night, however, Jenny declares her love for Forrest, and they make love. The next morning, Jenny leaves without saying goodbye. Lonely in her absence, Forrest puts on a pair of running shoes that Jenny gave him and runs from his house. He doesn’t stop running and eventually reaches California, where he turns around and heads back East. Forrest runs cross-country multiple times, and after he receives attention from the press, other runners begin to follow him. Jenny sees Forrest on television and sends him a letter, asking him to visit Savannah, where she now works as a waitress. While still waiting for the bus in Savannah, Forrest learns from another passenger that he can walk to Jenny’s house. Finally, he leaves the bench where he first spoke to the nurse. At her apartment, Jenny apologizes for how she has treated Forrest, saying she was “messed up.” Forrest meets Jenny’s son, also named Forrest, and learns that he is the father. Forrest panics, asking if the child is smart, and Jenny assures him that he is. At a playground, Jenny tells Forrest that she is sick with a virus that has no cure. Forrest invites her and their son to stay with him in Greenbow, promising to take care of her. Jenny asks Forrest to marry her and he agrees. After they are married in Greenbow, she dies, and Forrest has her father’s house razed. Forrest continues to live in his mother’s house, sending his son to school on the same bus where he first met Jenny.  

Production Company: The Tisch Company  
Production Text: A Steve Tisch/Wendy Finerman Production
A Robert Zemekis Film
Brand Name:

Distribution Company: Paramount Pictures Corp. (A Paramount Communications Company)
Director: Robert Zemeckis (Dir)
  Charles Newirth (Unit prod mgr)
  Bruce Moriarty (1st asst dir)
  Cherylanne Martin (2nd asst dir/1st asst dir, 2d unit)
  Dana Kuznetzkoff (2d asst dir)
  David H. Venghaus, Jr. (2d 2d asst dir)
  Eric Tignini (2d 2d asst dir)
  Steve Starkey (2d unit dir)
  Cherylanne Martin (1st asst dir, 2d unit)
Producer: Wendy Finerman (Prod)
  Steve Tisch (Prod)
  Steve Starkey (Prod)
  Charles Newirth (Co-prod)
Writer: Eric Roth (Scr)
Photography: Don Burgess (Dir of photog)
  Chris Squires (Cam op)
  Josh Bleibtreu (1st asst photog)
  Patrick B. O'Brien (2d asst photog)
  Danny Teaze (2d asst photog)
  Andrew Casey (2d asst photog)
  Edward Gutentag (2d asst photog)
  Christopher W. Johnson (Cam loader)
  Phillip V. Caruso (Still photog)
  Ian Kelly (Video eng)
  Peter Clarson (Chief lighting tech)
  Andy Ryan (Asst chief lighting tech)
  Francis X. Valdez, III (Lighting tech)
  John Maninger (Lighting tech)
  Glenn E. Moran (Lighting tech)
  David Christensen (Lighting tech)
  Henry E. O'Briant, III (Lighting tech)
  Meg Lane (Lighting tech)
  Paul Hazard (Lighting tech)
  J. Patrick Daily (1st company grip)
  Eric Whitehead (2d company grip)
  Tom West (2d company grip)
  John "Jay" Devlin (2d company grip)
  Jeff "Moose" Howery (Dolly grip)
  John W. Murphy (Crane grip)
  Charles Seabrook (Grip)
  Scott Fawley (Grip)
  Rocky W. Ford (Grip)
  Lawrence L. Bolding (Grip)
  Ismael Aranjo, Jr. (Grip)
  Kat Bueno (Grip)
  Rachel A. Flores (Grip)
  Jack McLean (Chief rigging lighting tech)
  John R. Manocchia (Chief rigging lighting tech)
  Russ St. John (1st rigging grip)
  Earl "Scott" Mayhugh (1st rigging grip)
  David M. Dunlap (Dir of photog, 2d unit)
  Bobby Mancuso (1st asst photog, 2d unit)
  Kathina Szeto (2d asst photog, 2d unit)
  Kent H. Jorgensen (1st company grip, 2d unit)
  Christopher Woods (Addl photog, 2d unit)
  E. J. Foerster (Addl photog, 2d unit)
Art Direction: Rick Carter (Prod des)
  Leslie McDonald (Art dir)
  Jim Teegarden (Art dir)
  Linda Berger (Asst art dir)
  Steve Arnold (Asst art dir)
  Anthony Fanning (Asst art dir)
  Martin A. Kline (Prod illustrator)
  James Hegedus (Prod illustrator)
  Stefan Paul Dechant (Prod illustrator)
  Eric Rosenberg (Graphic des)
  Kacy Magedman (Art dept coord)
  Wendy E. Richardson (Art dept coord)
  Anna E. Hayward (Art dept research)
Film Editor: Arthur Schmidt (Ed)
  Carin-Anne Strohmaier (1st asst ed)
  Jeremiah O'Driscoll (2d asst ed)
  Mark S. Herman (Asst ed)
  Theresa Repola Mohammed (Negative cutter)
Set Decoration: Nancy Haigh (Set dec)
  Robert Greenfield, Jr. (Lead person)
  Chris Spellman (Lead person)
  Paige Augustine (Lead person)
  Claire Gaul (Lead person)
  William F. Alford (Set dresser)
  Edward J. McCarthy, III (Set dresser)
  Frank M. Fleming (Set dresser)
  James P. Meehan (Set dresser)
  Mark Weissenfluh (Set dresser)
  Erin Kemp (Set des)
  James C. Feng (Set des)
  Elizabeth Lapp (Set des)
  Lauren E. Polizzi (Set des)
  Robin Miller (Prop master)
  Michael Gastaldo (Asst prop master)
  John Ceniceros (Prop asst)
  Clifton T. Cooper (Prop asst)
  D. James Stubblefield (Prop asst)
  Daniel L. Ondrejko (Greensperson)
  Hugo Herrera (Greensperson)
  Kevin Mangan (Greensperson)
  Jeff Passanante (Const coord)
  James M. Davis (Gen foreperson)
  Barry Spencer (Const foreperson)
  Michael J. Hall (Const foreperson)
  Rufus Best (Const foreperson)
  Peter T. Lamppu (Const foreperson)
  Erkki Lamppu (Const foreperson)
  Paul Rohrbaugh, III (Const foreperson/Paint foreperson)
  Thomas E. Brown (Paint foreperson)
  James Passanante (Paint foreperson)
  Robert E. Denne (Prod painter)
  Stephen I. Erdberg (Prop master, 2d unit)
  Daniel J. Gillooly (Greensperson, 2d unit)
  Samuel Ray Jablonski (Painter, 2d unit)
Costumes: Joanna Johnston (Cost des)
  Pamela Wise (Key cost supv)
  Marjorie McCown (Asst cost des)
  Jessica S. Fasman (Asst cost des)
  John Daniel Bronson (Cost supv)
  Diana J. Wilson (Key cost)
  Rudolph Eric Garcia (Set cost)
  Patricia C. Bercsi (Set cost)
  Steve Shubin (Set cost)
  Robert W. Numbers (Uniform cost)
  Nigel Boyd (Key fitter)
  Karen Naser (Cutter/Fitter)
  Wendy Moynihan (Cost)
  Jean M. Soderlind (Cost)
  Betty Birkowski (Cost)
  Armand Coutu, Jr. (Cost)
  Michelle Kapaska (Cost)
  Thomas E. Mastrolia (Cost)
  Alleene C. Keith (Seamstress)
  Natalie Nye (Seamstress)
  Lance Robinson (Cost, 2d unit)
Music: Alan Silvestri (Mus/Orch cond by, Skywalker Sound)
  Joel Sill (Exec mus prod)
  William Ross (Orch, Skywalker Sound)
  Ken Karman (Mus ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Jacqueline Tager (Asst mus ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Dennis Sands (Mus rec mixer, Skywalker Sound)
  David Bifano (Scoring coord, Skywalker Sound)
  Sandy De Crescent (Mus contractor, Skywalker Sound)
  Jill Meyers (Mus clearance, Skywalker Sound)
  Sally Stevens (Choral dir, Skywalker Sound)
Sound: William B. Kaplan (Prod sd mixer)
  Earl F. Sampson (Boom op)
  D. G. Fisher (Cable person)
  Jonathan S. Gaynor (Sd mixer, 2d unit)
  Skywalker Sound a division of Lucas Digital Services, Marin County, California (Post prod sd services provided by)
  Randy Thom (Re-rec mixer/Sd des, Skywalker Sound)
  Tom Johnson (Re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound)
  Dennis Sands (Re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound)
  Gloria S. Borders (Supv sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Robert Shoup (Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound)
  E. Larry Oatfield (Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Suzanne Fox (ADR ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Ewa Sztompke (Dial ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Dianna Stirpe (Dial ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Claire Sanfilippo (Dial ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Marian Wilde (Foley ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Clare Freeman (Foley ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Phil Benson (Asst sd des, Skywalker Sound)
  Scott Guitteau (Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Karen Harding (Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Samuel Hinckley (Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  David Bergad (Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Patti Tauscher (Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound)
  Dennie Thorpe (Foley artist, Skywalker Sound)
  Tom Barwick (Foley artist, Skywalker Sound)
  Tony Eckert (Foley rec, Skywalker Sound)
  Leigh French (ADR loop group supv, Skywalker Sound)
Special Effects: Ken Ralston (Visual eff supv)
  Allen Hall (Spec eff supv)
  Joe M. Montenegro (Spec eff foreperson)
  James L. Roberts (Spec eff foreperson)
  Steven C. Foster (Spec eff)
  Ray O. Hardesty (Spec eff)
  Bruce E. Merlin (Spec eff)
  Matthew Hall (Spec eff)
  Christopher Lee Foster (Spec eff)
  Ozmandias (Spec eff)
  Nina Saxon Film Design (Main and end titles)
  Pacific Title (Opticals)
  Industrial Light & Magic A Division of LucasArts Entertainment, Marin County, California (Spec visual eff by)
  Debbie Denise (Visual eff prod, ILM)
  Doug Chiang (Visual eff art dir, ILM)
  George Murphy (Computer graphics supv, ILM)
  Stephen Rosenbaum (Computer graphics supv, ILM)
  John Schlag (Computer graphics seq supv, ILM)
  Bruce Vecchitto (Opt supv, ILM)
  Timothy Eaton (Visual eff ed, ILM)
  Josh Pines (Scanning supv, ILM)
  Patrick Turner (VistaVision cam op, ILM)
  Vance Piper (VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM)
  Robert Hill (VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM)
  John Gazdik (VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM)
  Anne Calanchini (Visual eff coord, ILM)
  Megan L. Jones (Visual eff coord, ILM)
  Andrea Bronzo (Computer graphics asst, ILM)
  Lincoln Hu (Senior TD/Sabre development, ILM)
  Dan McNamara (Electronic eff ed, ILM)
  Mark Holmes (Sabre digital compositor, ILM)
  Chad Taylor (Assoc digital compositor, ILM)
  Eric Chauvin (Digital matte painter, ILM)
  Bill Mather (Digital matte painter, ILM)
  Craig Mullins (Digital matte painter, ILM)
  Yusei Uesugi (Digital matte painter, ILM)
  Randall K. Bean (Senior scanning op, ILM)
  George Gambetta (Scanner op, ILM)
  Michael Ellis (Scanner op, ILM)
  John Whisnant (Scanner op, ILM)
  Lisa Vaughn (Scanning coord, ILM)
  Robert Finley, III (Chief lighting tech, ILM)
  Brad Jerrell (Chief lighting tech, ILM)
  Joe Fulmer (1st company grip, ILM)
  David Heron (Chief rigging lighting tech, ILM)
  Mike MacKenzie (Vistaglide eng, ILM)
  John Horn (Computer graphics software development, ILM)
  John Lewis (Computer graphics software development, ILM)
  Ken Beyer (Computer graphics systems eng, ILM)
  Andy Hendrickson (Computer graphics systems eng, ILM)
  Tim Irvin (Computer graphics systems eng, ILM)
  Nancy Luckoff (Computer graphics systems coord, ILM)
  Gail Currey (Computer graphics prod mgr, ILM)
  Jon Alexander (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Leah Anton (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Julie Adrianson-Neary (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Kathleen Beeler (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Michael Conte (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Peter Daulton (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Lisa Drostova (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Scott Frankel (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Carl N. Frederick (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Howard Gersh (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Bart Giovannetti (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Rebecca Heskes (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  David Horsley (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Sandy Houston (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Greg Maloney (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Robert Marinic (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Mary McCulloch (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Terry Molatore (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Steve Molin (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Patrick T. Myers (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Kerry Nordquist (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Eddie Pasquarello (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Bob Patterson (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Tom Rosseter (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Alex Seiden (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Linda Siegel (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Brian Van`t Hul (Computer graphics artists, ILM)
  Douglas Scott Kay (Senior mgr for digital operations, ILM)
  Greg Butler (Computer graphics tech asst, ILM)
  Michael Min (Computer graphics tech asst, ILM)
  Patrick Neary (Computer graphics tech asst, ILM)
  Craig Ring (Computer graphics tech asst, ILM)
  John C. Torrijos (Computer graphics tech asst, ILM)
  Kristen Trattner (Dirt removal, ILM)
  Jennifer Lee (Opt line up, ILM)
  Tim Geideman (Opt line up, ILM)
  James C. Lim (Opt cam, ILM)
  Michael McGovern (Co-visual eff ed, ILM)
  Louis Rivera (Negative cutter, ILM)
  Greg Hyman (Asst ed, ILM)
  David Tanaka (Asst ed, ILM)
  Timothy Greenwood (Projectionist, ILM)
  Duncan Sutherland (Cam eng, ILM)
  Penny Runge (Plate photog coord, ILM)
  Erik Tiemens (Storyboard artist, ILM)
  Heather Smith (Prod asst, ILM)
  Tom Williams (Exec in charge of digital eff, ILM)
  Jeff Mann (Dir of prod operations, ILM)
  Patricia Blau (Exec in charge of prod, ILM)
  Jim Morris (ILM gen mgr)
Dance: Leslie Cook (Dance seq staged & choreog)
Make Up: Daniel C. Striepeke (Make-up created and des)
  Hallie D'Amore (Make-up created and des)
  Jay Cannistraci (Make-up artist)
  Rick Sharp (Make-up artist)
  Judith A. Cory (Hair created and des)
  Frida Aradottir (Hair created and des)
  Bill Kohout (Hair stylist)
  Hazel Catmull (Hair stylist)
  Susan Schuler-Page (Hair stylist)
Production Misc: Ellen Lewis (Casting)
  Mary Morgan (Loc mgr)
  Amy Ness (Loc mgr)
  Peggy Pridemore (Loc mgr)
  Laura Bryant (Asst loc mgr)
  Elizabeth Harrison (Asst loc mgr)
  Stephanie Antosca (Asst loc mgr)
  Rebekah Williams (Asst loc mgr)
  Rick Porras (Post prod supv/Archival research coord)
  Steven J. Boyd (Post prod supv/Archival research coord)
  Susan Malerstein-Watkins (Scr supv)
  Dana Williams (Prod coord)
  Clarissa Troop (Asst prod coord)
  Cynthia Quan (Prod accountant)
  Debra James (Prod coord, D.C.)
  Karen Ettline-Bloomer (Prod secy)
  Jean M. Maninger (Prod secy)
  Jamie Fishman (Prod secy)
  Jane E. Russell (Unit pub)
  David M. Rodriguez (Asst accountant)
  Lisa Knudson (Asst accountant)
  Thomas Bianco (Asst accountant)
  Roger Quon (Asst accountant)
  Victoria A. Zamora (Const accountant)
  Deborah Cahn (Asst to Mr. Zemeckis)
  Jamie Gordon (Asst to Ms. Finerman)
  Hayley B. Miller (Asst to Mr. Starkey)
  Terry Odem (Asst to Mr. Hanks)
  Paul Kostick (Asst to Mr. Hanks)
  Darin Rivetti (Prod asst)
  Matthew C. Rebenkoff (Prod asst)
  Susan Carpenter (Prod asst)
  Toby Blue (Prod asst)
  Deloris K. Wood (Prod asst)
  Matthew W. Schmidt (Prod asst)
  Kevin Schmidt (Prod asst)
  James Swan (Prod asst)
  Timothy Record (Prod asst)
  Sharon Felder (Prod asst)
  Bill Tyler (Prod asst)
  Dori Green (Prod asst)
  Michael Clemens (Prod asst)
  Zach Aiken (Prod asst)
  Jessica Drake (Dialect coach)
  Christiane Steffen (Ms. Wright's vocal coach)
  David Brymer (Casting assoc)
  Tracy Kilpatrick (Casting assoc)
  Ben Wexler (Casting asst)
  Tona B. Dahlquist (Extras casting)
  Central Casting (Extras casting)
  The Casting Group (Extras casting)
  Ricky Jay (Illusion wheelchair des)
  Michael Webber (Illusion wheelchair des)
  Capt. Dale Dye USMC (ret) (Tech adv)
  Steven T. Perkins (Tech adv)
  John W. Burn (Marine coord)
  Larry Madrid (Animal trainer)
  Willie L. Radcliff (Craft services)
  Amy Panzer (Craft services)
  Tony's Food Service (Catering)
  Mara Kerum (Catering)
  Kelly Stewart (First aid)
  Ronald Eisenman (First aid)
  Billy R. Brashier (Loc projectionist)
  Joel Marrow (Transportation coord)
  Randy Cantor (Transportation capt)
  Eddie Lee Voelker (Transportation capt)
  Wayne Roberts (Transportation co-capt)
  Al Hersh (Picture car capt)
  Tyler Daum (Picture car capt)
  Tammy High (Transportation office coord)
Stand In: Bud Davis (Stunt coord)
  Eric Stabenau (Stunts)
  Dane Farwell (Stunts)
  Stephen Moore (Stunts)
  Keith Campbell (Stunts)
  Denise Roberts (Stunts)
  Christy Cotton (Stunts)
Color Personnel: Bob Kaiser (Col timer)
MPAA Rating: PG-13
Country: United States
Language: English

Music: "Paramount Newsreel Music," by Alessandro Cicognini, Sammy Fain, Jay Gorney, E.Y. Harburg, Elsie Janis, Irving Kahal & Jack King; "Pomp and Circumstance," by Sir Edward Elgar, performed by Dresden Philharmonic, conducted by Herbert Kegel, courtesy of Laserlight.
Songs: "Lovesick Blues," by Cliff Friend & Irving Mills, performed by Hank Williams, courtesy of Polygram Special Markets; "Hound Dog," by Jerry Lieber & Mike Stoller; "Rebel Rouser," by Duane Eddy & Lee Hazlewood, performed by Duane Eddy, courtesy of Jamie Records; "(I Don't Know Why) But I Do," by Paul Gayten & Robert Guidry, performed by Clarence 'Frogman' Henry, courtesy of MCA Records; "Walk Right In," by H. Woods, Gus Cannon, Bill Svanoe & Eric Darling, performed by The Rooftop Singers, courtesy of Vanguard Records/A Welk Music Music Group Co., by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Sugar Shack," by Keith McCormack & Fay Voss, performed by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs, courtesy of Dundee Music; "Camelot," by Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe; "Hanky Panky," by Jeff Barry & Ellie Greenwich, performed by Tommy James & The Shondells, courtesy of Rhino Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Blowin' in the Wind," by Bob Dylan; "Land of 1000 Dances," by Chris Kenner, performed by Wilson Pickett, courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp., by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Fortunate Son," by John Fogerty, performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival, courtesy of Fantasy Records; "Respect," by Otis Redding, performed by Aretha Franklin, courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp., by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie Honey Bunch)," by Edward Holland, Lamont Dozier & Brian Holland, performed by The Four Tops, courtesy of Motown Record Company L.P., by arrangement with Polygram Special Markets; "Rainy Day Women #12 & 35," written and performed by Bob Dylan, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing; "Sloop John B," by Brian Wilson, performed by The Beach Boys, courtesy of Capitol Records, under license from Cema Special Markets; "All Along the Watchtower," by Bob Dylan, performed by The Jimi Hendrix Experience, courtesy of Elber B.V.; "Soul Kitchen," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "California Dreamin'," by John Phillips & Michelle Phillips, performed by The Mamas and The Papas, courtesy of MCA Records; "For What It's Worth," by Stephen Stills, performed by Buffalo Springfield, courtesy of Atco Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "What the World Needs Now Is Love," by Burt Bacharach & Hal David, performed by Jackie De Shannon, courtesy of EMI Records USA, a division of ERG, under license from Cema Special Markets; "Webster's Boomer," by David Frank; "People Are Strange," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Hello, I Love You," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Mrs. Robinson," by Paul Simon, performed by Simon & Garfunkel, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing; "Break on Through (To the Other Side)," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Volunteers," by Marty Balin & Paul Kantner, performed by Jefferson Airplane, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music; "Hey Joe," by Billy Roberts, performed by The Jimi Hendrix Experience, courtesy of Elber B.V.; "Where Have All the Flowers Gone," by Pete Seeger; "Let's Get Together, by Chet Powers, performed by The Youngbloods, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music; "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair)," by John Phillips, performed by Scott McKenzie, courtesy of Epic Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing; "Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is a Season)," adaptation and music by Pete Seeger, performed by The Byrds, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing; "Aquarius," by James Rado, Gerome Ragni & Gault McDermott, performed by The Fifth Dimension, courtesy of Arista Records, Inc.; "Joy to the World," by Hoyt Axton, performed by Three Dog Night, courtesy of MCA Records; "Everybody's Talkin'," by Fred Neil, performed by Harry Nilsson, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music; "Silent Night," arranged by Les Brown; "Thanks for the Memory," by Ralph Rainger & Leo Robin; "Stoned Love," Frank E. Wilson & Yennik Samoht, performed by The Supremes, courtesy of Motown Record Company, L.P., by arrangement with Polygram Special Markets; "Love Her Madly," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Let's Work Together," by Wilbert Harrison, performed by Canned Heat, courtesy of EMI Records USA, a division of ERG, under license from Cema Special Markets; "Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head," by Burt Bacharach & Hal David, performed by B.J. Thomas, courtesy of Highland Music, Inc., by arrangement with Celebrity Licensing Inc.; "Tie a Yellow Ribbon 'Round the Ole Oak Tree," by L. Russell Brown & Irwin Levine, performed by Tony Orlando and Dawn, courtesy of Arista Records, Inc.; "Jesus on the Mainline," arranged by Alan Silvestri, soloist Donny Gerrard; "Get Down Tonight," by Harry Wayne Casey & Richard Finch, performed by KC & The Sunshine Band, courtesy of Rhino Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Mr. President (Have Pity on the Working Man)," written and performed by Randy Newman, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangment with Warner Special Products; "My Rock," arranged by Paul Owens, soloist Oren Waters; "Free Bird," by Allen Collins & Ronnie Van Zant, performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd, courtesy of MCA Records; "Sweet Home Alabama," by Ronnie Van Zant, Ed King & Gary Rossington, performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd, courtesy of MCA Records; "Plant My Feet on Higher Ground," by Ruth E. Davis; "I've Got a New Home," arranged by Marlena Smalls; "It Keeps You Runnin'," by Michael McDonald, performed by The Doobie Brothers, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Running on Empty," written and performed by Jackson Browne, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "Go Your Own Way," by Lindsey Buckingham, performed by Fleetwood Mac, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangement with Warner Special Products; "I've Got to Use My Imagination," by Gerry Goffin & Barry Goldberg, performed by Gladys Knight & The Pips, courtesy of Essex Entertainment, Inc., by arrangement with Celebrity Licensing Inc.; "On the Road Again," written and performed by Willie Nelson, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing; "Against the Wind," written by Bob Seger, performed by Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band, courtesy of Capitol Records, under license from Cema Special Markets.
Composer: Hoyt Axton
  Burt Bacharach
  Marty Balin
  Jeff Barry
  L. Russell Brown
  Jackson Browne
  Lindsey Buckingham
  Gus Cannon
  Harry Wayne Casey
  Alessandro Cicognini
  Allen Collins
  Erik Darling
  Hal David
  Ruth E. Davis
  John Paul Densmore
  Lamont Dozier
  Bob Dylan
  Duane Eddy
  Sir Edward Elgar
  Sammy Fain
  Richard Finch
  John Fogerty
  David Frank
  Cliff Friend
  Paul Gayten
  Gerry Goffin
  Barry Goldberg
  Jay Gorney
  Ellie Greenwich
  Robert Guidry
  E. Y. Harburg
  Wilbert Harrison
  Lee Hazlewood
  Brian Holland
  Edward Holland
  Elsie Janis
  Irving Kahal
  Paul Kantner
  Chris Kenner
  Ed King
  Jack King
  Robert A. Krieger
  Jerry Leiber
  Alan Jay Lerner
  Irwin Levine
  Frederick Loewe
  Raymond D. Manzarek
  Keith McCormack
  Gault McDermott
  Michael McDonald
  Irving Mills
  Jim Morrison
  Fred Neil
  Willie Nelson
  Randy Newman
  John Phillips
  Michelle Phillips
  Chet Powers
  James Rado
  Gerome Ragni
  Ralph Rainger
  Otis Redding
  Billy Roberts
  Leo Robin
  Gary Rossington
  Yennik Samoht
  Pete Seeger
  Bob Seger
  Paul Simon
  Stephen Stills
  Mike Stoller
  Willard Hooker Svanoe
  Ronnie Van Zant
  Fay Voss
  Brian Wilson
  Frank E. Wilson
  Hosea Woods
Source Text: Based on the novel Forrest Gump by Winston Groom (Garden City, 1986).
Authors: Winston Groom

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Paramount Pictures Corp. 22/9/1994 dd/mm/yyyy PA726079

PCA NO: 32823
Physical Properties: Sd: Spectral Recording Dolby® Stereo Digital; DTS Digital in selected theatres
  col: Technicolor®
  Prints: Prints by DeLuxe®; Dailies by Du Art
  Lenses/Prints: Filmed in Panavision®

 
Genre: Comedy-drama
 
Subjects (Major): Friendship
  Mentally handicapped persons
  Mothers and sons
  Unrequited love
  Voyages and travel
 
Subjects (Minor): AIDS (Disease)
  Alabama
  Alcoholics
  Battered children
  Battered women
  Black Panthers
  Boardinghouses
  Buses
  Cancer
  Celebrities
  Charity
  China
  Chocolate
  Christmas
  Congressional Medal of Honor
  Convalescence
  Courtship
  Death and dying
  Elvis Presley
  Entrepreneurs
  Fathers and daughters
  Fathers and sons
  Football
  Gardeners
  Gulf of Mexico
  Hurricanes
  Investments
  John F. Kennedy
  John Lennon
  Jungles
  Los Angeles (CA)
  Lyndon Baines Johnson
  Marriage
  Millionaires
  New Year's Eve
  New York City
  Orthopedic braces
  Physicians
  Ping-pong (Game)
  Protest marches
  Richard M. Nixon
  Romance
  Savannah (GA)
  School buses
  Search and rescue operations
  Sexual abuse
  Shrimpers (Persons)
  Single parents
  Soldiers
  Specific hospitals
  Specific television programs
  Tycoons
  United States--History--Vietnam War, 1964--1973
  Vietnam War veterans
  War heroes
  Washington (D.C.)
  Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)
  Watergate Affair, 1972-1974
  Weddings
  Wheelchairs
  Wounds and injuries

Note: In the end credits, producers thank the following individuals and organizations: Dick Clark Productions, Inc., courtesy of Dick Clark Productions, Inc.; Sesame Street excerpt provided by Children’s Television Workshop (New York, New York); Milton Berle Show courtesy of the National Broadcasting Company (with performance by Elvis Presley); footage of the Kennedy assassination courtesy of Robert J. Groden; Daphne Productions, Inc. The Dick Cavett Show ; UCLA Film and Television Archive; Sherman Grinberg Film Libraries; CBS News Archives; NBC News Archives; Twentieth Century Fox Movietonews; Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library; Nixon Materials Project, National Archives; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Streamline Film Archives; the Gomer Pyle film clip courtesy of Viacom Enterprises; Film Preservation Associates; Bob Hope Enterprises; Sports Illustrated magazine logo and trademark used with permission of Time Inc.; People Weekly magazine logo and trademark used with permission of the Time Inc. Magazine Company; Fortune magazine logo and trademark used with permission of Time Inc.; Runners World magazine; The National Enquirer ; Russell Stover Candies; Nike, Inc.; Houghton Mifflin Company for the use of Curious George; Dr. Pepper; Lindsey Buckingham; Glen Brunman; Playboy magazine; Robert W. Smith and Colony Helicopters; South Carolina Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, Hunting Island State Park; University of South Carolina – Beaufort campus; Stoney Creek Presbyterian Church in McPhersonville, South Carolina; the residents and developers of Fripp Island; City of Varnville, South Carolina; Cynthia Cole Jenkins & the Historic Beaufort Society; South Carolina Film Commission; Department of Interior, National Park Service; residents of the Watergate Hotel; City of Savannah, Georgia; the Los Angeles Motion Picture and Television Division; and Arizona and California Railroad, Ltd.
       A 13 Jul 1994 NYT article stated that producer Wendy Finerman first read galley proofs of Winston Groom’s novel Forrest Gump in 1985 and brought it to producer Steve Tisch with whom she was working at Tisch’s production company. Groom wrote the first version of the screenplay, and two other writers made attempts before screenwriter Eric Roth was hired. In the meantime, Warner Bros., Inc., the studio that had first purchased the film rights to the novel for the producers, dropped out of the project, due in part to its similarities to Rain Man (1988, see entry). Finerman later set up the project with Paramount Pictures Corp., and, once Roth had written the screenplay, Tom Hanks agreed to play “Forrest Gump.” With Hanks’s participation, the film received a green-light from Paramount, and Robert Zemeckis, “the producers’ first choice,” was hired to direct.
       As stated in a 7 Mar 1995 WSJ article, the film was initially budgeted at $50 million; however, shortly before production was set to commence, Paramount asked the producers to cut $10 million in costs. A large portion of those cuts came out of the salaries for Hanks and Zemeckis, originally estimated at $7 million and $5 million respectively. The actor and director exchanged upfront payments for a portion of the gross profits, an arrangement that later paid off when the film became a box-office success. In a 6 Sep 1994 HR article, Zemeckis acknowledged that the last-minute budget cuts angered him. Although the director was rumored to have said he would never work with Paramount again, he told HR that he had “made [his] peace” and was willing to collaborate with the studio on future projects.
       According to production notes from AMPAS library files, filming began 8 Aug 1993 in Beaufort, SC. Other locations included Savannah, GA; Los Angeles, CA; and Washington, D.C. A special “crusade unit” shot Forrest’s running scenes in Arizona, Montana, Vermont, Maine, North Carolina, and Monument Valley, UT. Forrest’s and Mrs. Gump’s residence was a 3,500 square-foot home built by the production crew on Bluff Plantation, an 8,000-acre estate in Yemassee, SC, that also doubled as Vietnam since its “pre-existing rice fields” resembled Southeast Asian rice paddies. Another South Carolina location that doubled as Vietnam was Hunting Island State Park, where filmmakers shot helicopter scenes above a “palm-lined lagoon.” Forrest’s bus bench scenes were shot over three days in Savannah, GA’s, Chippewa Square. To recreate an anti-war demonstration outside the Washington Monument, 1,500 extras were employed, and for the first time ever, filmmakers were granted access to shoot in the Reflecting Pool by the National Park Service and the city of Washington, D.C. In Los Angeles, sets were built at Paramount and the Ambassador Hotel, and the University of Southern California’s campus served as the college settings for both Forrest and Jenny.
       Production notes stated that director of photography Don Burgess and Zemeckis chose to utilize “anamorphic lenses in filming...to reflect the epic proportion of the backdrop of Forrest’s story.” During post-production, special effects done by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) included a digital compositing process that allowed filmmakers to shoot “groups of 700” extras positioned at different points around the Reflecting Pool in Washington, D.C., and blend the various footage so that the extras appeared to be hundreds of thousands of people. “A process of computer digitizing” was also used to combine archival footage of United States Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard Nixon, amongst other famous celebrities, with footage of Hanks in settings filmed to match “every shadow, every scratch, every moment of the corresponding cuts in the archival sequence[s].” Computers were also used to erase actor Gary Sinise’s legs after his character, “Lieutenant Dan,” lost them in the Vietnam War, as stated in a 10 Jul 1994 LAT article. Lieutenant Dan’s wheelchair was specially designed by magician Ricky Jay to allow Sinise to sit with his legs folded under while giving the illusion that his legs were amputated stubs. Also calling for special effects were Forrest’s ping-pong scenes; according to a 22 Aug 1994 People news brief, Hanks performed his ping-pong playing with only a paddle, so that the balls could be added into the scenes digitally.
       In the 6 Sep 1994 HR article, Zemeckis noted two scenes that were shot but not included in the film: a scene in which Jenny accidentally runs over her father with farm machinery, killing him; and a scene in which Forrest meets Martin Luther King. The scenes were set to be added to a “director’s cut” for the film’s laserdisc home video version, according to an 18 Sep 1994 Boston Globe news item.
       As reported in a 7 Oct 1994 NYT article, between twenty and twenty-five licenses had been set up for various Forrest Gump merchandise, including: a book of Forrest’s aphorisms used in the film, titled Gumpisms; ping-pong sets; a shrimp cookbook; and a line of seafood to be sold in grocery stores under the name “Bubba Gump Seafood Company.” A 12 Mar 1996 DV article also announced that Paramount had paired up with Rusty Pelican Restaurants to open twenty-three Bubba Gump Shrimp Co. restaurants, largely in tourist-heavy seaside locations, with plans to decorate the establishments with Forrest Gump memorabilia and to contain Forrest Gump merchandising stores within the restaurants. As reported in a 27 Jul 1994 NYT article, Pocket Books bought the rights to Groom’s novel from Doubleday, which first printed the book in 1986, and acquired the rights to three other Groom novels in addition to making a deal with Groom to write a sequel to Forrest Gump, with publication set for 1995.
       Critical reception was mixed. Noting Zemeckis’s tendency to favor visual imagery over narrative, Janet Maslin stated in her 6 Jul 1994 NYT review that the film seemed “less like a romance than like a coffee-table book celebrating the magic of special effects.” In a mixed review on 6 Jul 1994, LAT’s Kenneth Turan lauded Hanks’s performance as the highlight of the film, but lamented the filmmakers’ attempts at making larger points about society based on Forrest’s ramblings through history. In the 29 Jun 1994 HR , reviewer Duane Byrge echoed Turan’s sentiments about Hanks, describing his performance as “Oscar-level,” and went on to say that Zemeckis had reached new heights as a director. A 31 Jul 1994 NYT article addressed the issue of Forrest Gump dissenters, stating, “To some critics, the movie is profoundly anti-intellectual, a celebration of passivity and a rejection of thoughtful analysis.” In a scathing article for Village Voice on 9 Aug 1994, Amy Taubin wrote that she “loathed the film from its first to last floating feather,” and criticized its portrayal of women as either mothers or whores, and of African-Americans as “children.”
       The film received the following six Academy Awards: Best Picture; Actor in a Leading Role – Tom Hanks; Directing; Film Editing; Visual Effects; and Writing (Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published). In addition, Forrest Gump received seven Academy Award nominations, including: Actor in a Supporting Role – Gary Sinise; Art Direction; Cinematography; Makeup; Music (Original Score); Sound; and Sound Effects Editing. Finerman, Tisch, and fellow producer Steve Starkey received the Producers Guild of America “Darryl F. Zanuck Theatrical Motion Picture Producer of the Year” award, as announced in a 17 Feb 1995 DV news item; and Sinise was honored with a Commander’s Award from the Disabled American Veterans for his portrayal of Lieutenant Dan, as announced in a 5 Aug 1994 LAT news brief. Forrest Gump also received a “Golden Duck Prize,” the Polish equivalent to the Academy Award, for best foreign film, according to a 4 Apr 1995 LAT item.
       As reported in a 25 May 1995 NYT article, novelist Winston Groom sued Paramount after the film had taken in more than $660 million in worldwide box-office receipts while Groom had yet to be paid any of his promised participation fees, which were three percent of the film’s net profits. However, at the time, Paramount claimed that their losses on the film still amounted to $62 million, due to various expenditures including the following: “$50 million in production costs”; distribution expenses amounting to $62 million; $74 million in promotion expenses; $62 million in fees, including gross profit participation, paid to Hanks and Zemeckis; and “$6 million for interest charges on the film’s financing.” The article added that producers Finerman and Tisch, as well as screenwriter Roth, were also owed net profit participation, but Paramount asserted that the net profit participants had been paid an advance of $3 million and that the studio was “treating everyone fairly and respectfully.” Groom eventually reached a settlement with Paramount for “an undisclosed seven-figure sum,” as stated in a 15 Jun 1995 WSJ news brief, after the studio agreed to buy worldwide film rights to Gump & Co., Groom’s upcoming sequel to Forrest Gump.
       The 25 May 1995 NYT article reported that Forrest Gump was the “third highest-grossing movie of all time” after E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982, see entry) and Jurassic Park (1993, see entry). According to the 7 Oct 1994 NYT article, the film marked the highest-grossing Paramount release to that time.
       Although Forrest’s bus bench was removed from Chippewa Square in Savannah after filming was completed, the city had requested that Paramount donate the bench and return it to the square so that it could serve as a tourist attraction, according to a 3 Oct 1994 LAT brief. However, a 9 Apr 1995 London Observer news item stated that the bench was set to be auctioned by Christie’s in Jun 1995 and was “expected to fetch between $6,000 and $8,000.”
       Forrest Gump was ranked 76th on AFI's 2007 100 Years…100 Movies--10th Anniversary Edition list of the greatest American films, down from the 71st position it held on the 1997 list.
 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Boston Globe   18 Sep 1994.   
Daily Variety   29 Jun 1994   p. 2, 11.
Daily Variety   17 Feb 1995.   
Daily Variety   7 Mar 1995   p. 44.
Daily Variety   9 Jun 1995   p. 1, 48.
Daily Variety   12 Mar 1996   p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter   31 Aug 1993.   
Hollywood Reporter   24 Jun 1994.   
Hollywood Reporter   29 Jun 1994   p. 7, 10.
Hollywood Reporter   3 Aug 1994.   
Hollywood Reporter   6 Sep 1994   p. 1, 104.
Hollywood Reporter   21 Apr 1995   p. 4, 45.
Los Angeles Times   6 Jul 1994   Calendar section, p. 1.
Los Angeles Times   10 Jul 1994   Calendar section, p. 23.
Los Angeles Times   5 Aug 1994.   
Los Angeles Times   3 Oct 1994.   
Los Angeles Times   4 Apr 1995.   
New York Times   6 Jul 1994   Section C, p. 9.
New York Times   13 Jul 1994   Section C, p. 13.
New York Times   27 Jul 1994   Section C, p. 9.
New York Times   31 Jul 1994   Section A, p. 2.
New York Times   7 Oct 1994   Section D, p. 1.
New York Times   25 May 1995   Section C, p. 15.
The Observer (London)   9 Apr 1995.   
People   22 Aug 1994.   
Variety   11 Jul 1994   p. 41.
Village Voice   9 Aug 1994   p. 53.
WSJ   7 Mar 1995   Section B, p. 1, 10.
WSJ   15 Jun 1995.   

Display Movie Summary
The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
Advanced Search
Support our efforts to preserve hisotory of film
Help AFI Preserve Film History

© 2014 American Film Institute.
All rights reserved.
Terms of use.