AFI Catalog of Feature Films
Movie Detail
Name Occurs Before Title Offscreen Credit Print Viewed By AFI
Into the Wild
Director: Sean Penn (Dir)
Release Date:   Oct 2007
Premiere Information:   Telluride Film Festival screening: 1 Sep 2007; Toronto Film Festival screening: 9 Sep 2007; Los Angeles and New York openings: 21 Sep 2007
Production Date:   24 Apr--early Dec 2006
Duration (in mins):   147 or 149-150
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Cast:   Emile Hirsch (Chris[topher Johnson] McCandless [also known as Alexander Supertramp])  
    Marcia Gay Harden (Billie McCandless)  
    William Hurt (Walt McCandless)  
    Jena Malone (Carine McCandless)  
    Brian Dierker (Rainey)  
    Catherine Keener (Jan Burres)  
    Vince Vaughn (Wayne Westerberg)  
    Kristen Stewart (Tracy Tatro)  
    Hal Holbrook (Ron Franz)  
    Jim Gallien (Jim Gallien)  
    James J. O'Neill (Graduation reader)  
    Malinda McCollum (Waitress)  
    Paul Knauls (Building manager)  
    Zach Galifianakis (Kevin)  
    Craig Mutsch (Wayne's crew #1)  
    Jim Beidler (Wayne's crew #2)  
    John Decker (Hutterite #1)  
    John Hofer (Hutterite #2)  
    Jerry Hofer (Hutterite #3)  
    Terry Waldner (Hutterite #4)  
    Robin Mathews (Gail Borah)  
    Candice Campos (Bar girl)  
    Steven Wiig (Lee's Ferry ranger)  
    Thure Lindhardt (Mads)  
    Signe Egholm Olsen (Sonja)  
    Floyd Wall (Man in phone booth)  
    Bryce Walters (Chris, 4 years old)  
    Jim Davis (Immigration officer)  
    Cheryl Francis Harrington (Social worker)  
    R. D. Call (Bull)  
    Haley Ramm (Carine, 11 years old)  
    Merritt Wever (Lori)  
    Everett "Insane Wayne" Smith (Insane Cain)  
    John Jabaley (Announcer)  
    Leonard Knight (Leonard Knight)  
    Matt Contreras (Book shopper #1)  
    Denise Sitton (Book shopper #2)  
    Bart the bear (Bear)  

Summary: In the spring of 1992, twenty-four-year-old Christopher Johnson McCandless arrives in Fairbanks, Alaska at the culmination of a two-year-long journey. Believing that he is following in the spiritual footsteps of his literary heroes—Tolstoy, Thoreau and London--who extol a life lived outside traditional societal structures, Chris walks into the snow-covered mountains near Mount Denali carrying few supplies, intending to live off the land for a few months. He leaves a red knitted cap to mark the point at which he crosses a stream and establishes a camp. As he explores, he discovers a derelict city bus that was brought into the bush years earlier. Inside, he finds a bunk, woodstove and other amenities left there by the hunters who previously used the vehicle, which he dubs the “magic bus.” After cleaning his new home, Chris carves a manifesto stating that his current odyssey will conclude the spiritual revolution he has undertaken for the last two years and signs it “Alexander Supertramp,” the name under which he has been traveling, and dates it May 1992. Two years earlier in 1990, Chris graduates from Atlanta’s Emory University. After the ceremony, he joins his conservative, controlling father Walt, his brow-beaten mother Billie and his empathetic sister Carine for dinner. When Chris mentions that he has a chance to go to Harvard Law, his parents offer to buy him a new car, but Chris, who scorns their materialism, replies that he is happy with his old Datsun. Without informing his family, Chris leaves his apartment in Atlanta, divests himself of his former life by donating his savings to charity and destroying his driver’s license and Social Security card, then drives West in his Datsun seeking “absolute freedom.” Failing to notice a flash flood sign, Chris parks his car in a flood zone in the Arizona desert and after a sudden torrent disables his car, removes the license plates, burns his remaining cash and sets out on foot. Several months later, at Lake Meade, Arizona, Chris christens himself Alexander Supertramp. By the end of the month, having had no communication from Chris, the worried Walt and Billie drive to Atlanta and discover that Chris had vacated his apartment two months earlier. Later that summer, the hitchhiking Chris is picked up in Northern California by Jan Burres and her boyfriend Rainey, middle-aged hippies who travel in their R.V. and sell used goods at swap meets. Rainey and Jan become very fond of Chris, and one afternoon, Rainey confides to Chris that something in Jan’s past made her withdraw from him, but since Chris’s arrival, she has begun to talk about what is troubling her. Chris, who had withdrawn from human intimacy as a result of the turbulent, abusive relationship of his parents, can relate to Jan’s reticence. Soon after, Chris, believing it is important to measure yourself in the most primitive conditions, with nothing to aid you but your head and hands, leaves the comfort of Jan and Rainey’s company. By early fall, Chris is in Carthage, South Dakota working for Wayne Westerberg, a hard-drinking grain operator elevator, who, with his crew, harvests and sells crops. Wayne befriends Chris, but when he questions him about his drive to lead a solitary life in the wild, Chris declares that he wants to escape a society populated by abusive parents, hypocrites and opportunistic politicians. Wayne remarks that Chris may be too young to truly understand those issues. One day, the F.B.I. arrives unexpectedly to arrest Wayne, ending Chris’s idyll in Carthage and sending him on his way to Alaska. Meanwhile, at the McCandless home, Carine reminisces about how deeply wounded Chris was to learn that his father was married to another woman when he was born, permanently damaging his trust in his parents. With his wages from his job in Carthage, Chris buys a kayak and successfully navigates the rapids of the Colorado River despite his lack of experience. After the river winds into the Grand Canyon, Chris decides to paddle to Mexico, where he loses his kayak in a sandstorm at the Sea of Cortez. In early 1991, Chris tries to reenter the United States, but is stopped at the Mexican border because he has no identification. He then hops a freight train to Los Angeles where, overwhelmed by the bustle of civilization, Chris soon flees after witnessing the disparity between homeless wanderers and wealthy diners, especially when he can easily imagine himself as one of the privileged. Meanwhile, at home, Carine muses that her parents’ desperation over the loss of Chris has brought them closer together. In late Dec 1991, Chris runs into Jan and Rainey again at a makeshift camp in Slab City, California. There, as he waits for the paycheck from his last job, Chris trains to get into condition for the physically demanding trip to the Alaskan wilds. He also meets sixteen-year-old singer Tracy Tatro, who develops a crush on him. One night, after Jan reveals to Chris that as a teenager, she gave birth to a son, from whom she is now estranged, she encourages Chris to contact his family, but he refuses. On Christmas day, Tracy offers to have sex with Chris, but he gently demurs, stating that she is too young. Soon after, Chris says goodbye to Rainey and Tracy and gets a ride into town with Jan, who gives him a red knitted cap. In Jan 1992, Chris is camping in the Anza Borrego Desert when he meets octogenarian Ron Franz at a gas station. Ron gives Chris a ride to his tent, and when he asks why Chris wants to live in the dirt, Chris replies that the concept of a career is a 20th-century invention that he does not respect, and that he has chosen to live close to nature. When Ron inquires about his family, Chris states that he does not have one. Over the next few months, Ron, who has lived alone since his wife and son were killed in 1957, develops a paternal relationship with Chris, whom he teaches to work leather. With his newly learned skills, Chris engraves a leather belt with the story of his journey across the country. One day, in late March, Chris tells Ron that although he will miss him, joy does not come principally from human relationships. Sensing that Chris is about to leave, Ron offers to drive him to the highway. On the way, Ron asks Chris if he can adopt him as a grandson, but Chris gently rebuffs him by asking if they can discuss it when he returns. Soon after, Chris reaches Fairbanks and finds the magic bus. Nine weeks later, Chris is reading a passage from Tolstoy about happiness. Tolstoy states that to attain happiness, one needs a quiet secluded life in the country, love for one’s neighbor and on top of all that, a family. Realizing that he has achieved his goal, Chris decides to return home, but when he treks to his marker, he discovers that the stream has swollen to a river and cannot be forged. Trapped, Chris returns to the bus, where he writes in his journal that he is lonely and scared. In late summer 1992, the now starving Chris bemoans the lack of game and carves more notches to tighten the leather belt he made under Ron’s tutelage. Desperate for food, Chris forages with guidance from a book about local fauna. Falling seriously ill after eating one plant, Chris examines the book and discovers that he has been poisoned and may die. Dangerously weak, Chris cries as he writes “Happiness only real when shared” inside one of his books. After placing a poster stating that he has had a happy life, signed with his real name, in front of the bus, Chris painfully settles onto his bunk. As he dies, Chris gazes at the brilliant sky and imagines himself returning home, smiling and running into his parents’ arms. 

Production Company: Paramount Vantage (A Viacom Company)
  River Road Entertainment, LLC  
  Square One C.I.H.  
  Linson Films  
Distribution Company: Paramount Vantage (A Viacom Company)
Director: Sean Penn (Dir)
  David Webb (1st asst dir)
  Dylan Hopkins (2d asst dir)
  John R. Saunders (2d 2d asst dir)
  Ian Calip (2d 2d asst dir)
Producer: Sean Penn (Prod)
  Art Linson (Prod)
  Bill Pohlad (Prod)
  John J. Kelly (Exec prod)
  Frank Hildebrand (Exec prod)
  David Blocker (Exec prod)
Writer: Sean Penn (Scr)
  Sharon Olds (Addl narr)
  Carine McCandless (Addl narr)
  Jena Malone (Addl narr)
Photography: Eric Gautier (Dir of photog)
  Sean Penn (Addl photog)
  Jacques Jouffret (Cam op/Steadicam)
  Chris Reynolds (A cam 1st asst)
  Ethan Borsuk (A cam 2d asst)
  Ignacio Musich (B cam 1st asst)
  Seth Kotok (B cam 2d asst)
  Karen Korn (B cam 2d asst)
  Lisa Origlieri (Film loader)
  Charles "Chuck" Zlotnick (Still photog)
  François Duhamel (Addl still photog, Alaska)
  Pete Zuccarini (Underwater cam op)
  Sean Gilbert (Underwater cam 1st asst)
  John Trapman (Aerial dir of photog/Wescam op)
  Tim Arasheben (Aerial cam 1st asst/Wescam tech)
  Jacques Arnet (Aerial cam 1st asst/Tyler tech)
  Will Fowler (24 frame video)
  Glen Cannon (Video assist op)
  David Lee Harges (Gaffer)
  Paul Kaye (Best boy elec)
  Mike Maley (Company elec)
  Daniel Kubicek (Company elec)
  John "Jack" Foster (Company elec)
  Dave Troutman (Company elec)
  Patrick Donnelly (Company elec)
  Patrick R. Heffernan (Key grip)
  Chris Buchakjian (Best boy grip)
  William Hall (Dolly grip)
  Dave R. Bone (Dolly grip, Alaska)
  Jonathan "Ace" Stoll (Company grip)
  Louis Normandin (Company grip)
  Gonzalo Gonzalez (Company grip)
  Douglas Blagg (Key rigging grip, Oregon)
  Pat Christman (Best boy rigging grip, Oregon)
  Keslow Camera (Cam equipment provided by)
  Back to One Camera Cranes (Cam crane provided by)
  Photo-Sonics, Inc. (High speed cam provided by)
  Aaton France (Aaton 35 III-3 perf cam provided by)
  Tyler Camera System (Helicopter mounts provided by)
  Pictorvision/Wescam System (Helicopter mounts provided by)
  Cinelease (Elec equipment provided by)
  Paskal (Elec equipment provided by)
  Cinelease (Grip equipment provided by)
  Chapman/Leonard Studio Equipment, Inc. (Dolly equipment provided by)
Art Direction: Derek Hill (Prod des)
  Domenic Silvestri (Art dir)
  John Richardson (Art dir)
  Leslie Borchert (Art dept coord)
  Chrissy Steuermann (Art dept prod asst)
  Jamie Walker (Graphic artist)
Film Editor: Jay Cassidy (Ed)
  Dana Mulligan (1st asst ed)
Set Decoration: Danielle Berman (Set dec)
  Christopher Neely (Set dec)
  Mychael Bates (Prop master)
  Eric Bates (Prop master)
  Richard "Rocky" Nichols (Asst prop master)
  George Capetanos (Asst props)
  Nicole Elderedge (Asst props)
  Ronald "Krobar" Lawler (Asst props)
  Lyle Lawing (Props prod asst)
  Carly Sertic (Props prod asst)
  Mike Speaks (Propmaker)
  Melissa McMinn (Leather worker)
  Chuck Smith (Leather worker)
  Gordon McVay (Set dressing leadperson)
  Ed Fitzgerald (Set dressing supv)
  Scott Huke (Set dressing supv)
  William Swartz (On set dresser)
  Ryan Smith (On set dresser)
  Jacob Alsbrook (Set dresser)
  Mike Sunga (Set dresser)
  David Graham (Set dresser)
  Michael J. McCombs (Set dresser)
  John R. Marum (Set dresser)
  Brendan McKeon (Addl set dresser)
  Chandler Vinar (Addl set dresser)
  Jack Evans (Shopper)
  Jon Rush Gomez (Const foreperson)
  Jose Sandoval (Paint foreperson)
  Duke Russell (Scenic painter)
  Jim Workman (Scenic painter)
  Johnathin Schabb (Key greensperson)
  Gerard Dery (Greens supv)
  Charles Ryner (Greensperson)
  Jimmie Hendricks (Greensperson)
  Laura Hendricks (Greensperson)
  Johnathan Birchfield (Greensperson)
  James H. Jones (Sculptor)
Costumes: Mary Claire Hannan (Cost des)
  Jacqueline Aronson (Cost supv)
  Amy Fegely (Set cost)
  Jennifer Wolf (Set cost)
  Debbie Travis (Cost for Mr. Vaughn)
Music: Michael Brook (Mus)
  Kaki King (With)
  Eddie Vedder (With)
  Eddie Vedder (Orig songs by)
  David Franco (Mus supv)
  Julie Marie (Featured violin)
  Charlie Musselwhite (Harmonica)
  Richard Henderson (Mus ed)
  Joseph Magee (Mus playback)
Sound: Martín Hernández (Sd des/Supv sd ed)
  Michael Minkler (Sd re-rec mixer)
  Lora Hirschberg (Sd re-rec mixer)
  Christopher Barnett (Addl re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound)
  Edward Tise (Prod sd mixer)
  Alenka Pavlin (Boom op)
  Colin Jones (Boom op)
  Rene DeFransche (Sd utility)
  Roland N. Thai (Sd eff co-des)
  Sergio Diaz (Supv dial & ADR ed)
  Arturo Zarate (Sd eff ed)
  Alejandro Quevedo (Sd eff ed)
  Skywalker Sound - A Lucasfilm Ltd. Company (Post prod sd services by)
  Todd-AO West/Hollywood (Foley/ADR rec at)
  Tony Sereno (Mix tech, Skywalker Sound)
  Ron Roumas (Recordist, Skywalker Sound)
  Frank Aglieri-Rinella (ADR mixer, Skywalker Sound)
  Robert Deschaine (ADR mixer, Todd-AO West/Hollywood)
  Nerses Gezalyan (Foley mixer, Todd-AO West/Hollywood)
  Dennie Thorpe (Foley artist, Skywalker Sound)
  James Moriana (Foley artist, Todd-AO West/Hollywood)
  Jeffrey Wilhoit (Foley artist, Todd-AO West/Hollywood)
  Bryan Pennington (Dolby Sound consultant)
Special Effects: Don Frazee (Spec eff supv)
  Kai Shelton (Spec eff foreman)
  Don Black (Spec eff tech)
  William Boggs (Spec eff tech)
  Scott Lingard (Spec eff tech)
  Paul Obest (Spec eff tech)
  RJ Hohman (Spec eff tech)
  Casey Pritchett (Spec eff tech)
  Ryan Roundy (Spec eff tech)
  Entity FX (Visual eff)
  Mat Beck (Senior visual eff supv)
  Marty Taylor (Visual eff supv)
  Kymber Lim (Visual eff exec prod)
  Tricia Pifer (Visual eff prod)
  Rod Park (Visual eff prod)
  Jason Sanford (Visual eff assoc prod)
  Eli Jarra (Compositor)
  Brian Petras (Compositor)
  Joseph Brattesani (Compositor)
  Matt Collorafice (Compositor)
  Christina Garranchan (Compositor)
  Dax Siplin (2D artist)
  David Alexander (Lead CG artist)
  Kaz Yoshida (CG pre-visualization artist)
  Rik Panero (CG artist)
  Mike "Pharaoh" Barrett (CG artist)
Make Up: Robin Mathews (Makeup dept head/Makeup artist for Mr. Hirsch)
  April Hutchinson (Key makeup artist)
  Bonni Flowers (Addl makeup artist)
  Sterfon Demings (Hair dept head)
  Beatrice De Alba (Hair stylist for Ms. Harden & Ms. Keener)
  Doreen Vantyne (Key hair stylist)
Production Misc: Francine Maisler (Casting)
  Lauren Grey (Casting assoc)
  Kathy Driscoll (Casting assoc)
  Barbara Harris (ADR voice casting)
  John J. Kelly (Unit prod mgr)
  Haley Sweet (Prod supv)
  Criag Ayers (Prod supv)
  Iram Collantes (Prod supv)
  Meg Halsey (Asst prod supv)
  Tim Pedegana (Post prod supv)
  Tom Carson (Prod coord)
  Mark Cross (Prod coord)
  Meredith Meade (Asst prod coord)
  Todd Kolker (Post prod coord)
  Ian Watermeier (Prod exec)
  John Lesher (River Road exec)
  Wayne Westerberg (Tech adv)
  Lyn Matsuda-Norton (Scr supv)
  Luca Kouimelis (Scr supv)
  Kathryn Galberth (Travel coord)
  Nicole Morales (Shipping coord)
  Justin George (Prod secy)
  Olwen Turtle (Travel prod secy)
  Timothy Shuler (Asst to prods)
  Jon Crush (Asst to prods)
  Chad Nini (Prod asst)
  Richard Carl (Prod asst)
  Shane Reeves (Prod asst)
  Justin Brown (Prod asst)
  Brinton Bryan (Key set prod asst)
  Matt Miller (Set prod asst)
  Carey Field (Set prod asst)
  Jaime Neely (Set prod asst)
  Michael Frayeh (Prod accountant)
  Jennifer Scott (1st asst accountant)
  Krystal Mathiesen (2d asst accountant)
  Julie Bernards (Payroll accountant)
  Kelli Gillam (Post prod accountant)
  Laura Atkins (Asst post accountant)
  Michael Reinarts (River Road financial officer)
  Felicity Donarski (River Road accounting exec)
  Sato Masuzawa (Asst to Mr. Penn)
  Chet Badalato (On set asst/Driver to Mr. Penn & trainer to Mr. Hirsch)
  Abby Bean (Asst to Mr. Linson)
  Jolynn Martin (Asst to Mr. Pohlad)
  Dawn Oliver (Asst to Mr. Hildebrand)
  Nancy Haecker (Loc mgr)
  John Jabaley (Loc mgr)
  Don Baldwin (Addl loc mgr)
  Patrick Mignano (Addl loc mgr)
  Raine Hall (Addl loc mgr)
  Manuel R. Campillo Morales (Addl loc mgr)
  Stevie Nelson (Key asst loc mgr)
  Stephen "Teeb" Finders (Key asst loc mgr)
  David Lyons (Key asst loc mgr)
  Neale Fishback (Key asst loc mgr)
  Bob Kredel (Train wrangler)
  John Orlebeck (Transportation coord)
  Jeff Couch (Transportation capt)
  Al Kaminsky (Transportation co-capt)
  Rupert Cole (Dispatcher)
  Chris Basso (Driver)
  Doug Rau (Driver)
  William A. Benedict (Driver)
  Larry Romanoff (Driver)
  Joe Bodle (Driver)
  Dave Severin (Driver)
  Ken Day (Driver)
  Jerry Shore (Driver)
  Vernon Dautenhahn (Driver)
  Ernest Simon (Driver)
  Colin Dibnah (Driver)
  Jerry Stroh (Driver)
  Greg Dultz (Driver)
  Chris Waldoch (Driver)
  Brian Gurney (Driver)
  Robert P. Ward (Driver)
  David Haldeman (Driver)
  Wayne Westerberg (Driver)
  Darryll Hayes (Driver)
  Tyrone Hines (Driver)
  Stewart Iwamuro (Driver)
  Darrell Janson (Driver)
  Jimmy Johnson (Driver)
  Andrew Mott (Driver)
  George Miki (Driver)
  Martin Heintzman (Spec equipment op)
  Stan Heintzman (Spec equipment op)
  Timothy Kiehl (Spec equipment op)
  Craig Widdis, A-1 Recovery (Towing service)
  Scott Davis (Marine coord)
  Brian Dierker (Marine coord)
  Courtney Giauque (Marine asst)
  Dave Nilles (Picture boat coord)
  Rick Reistad (Picture boat op)
  Steven Thompson (Picture boat op)
  Robert Weaverling (Picture boat op)
  Jennifer Dierker (Boat coord)
  Christian Anguish (Boat op)
  Yael Bernstein (Boat op)
  Fred "Ted" Cornutt (Boat op)
  Emily Dale (Boat op)
  Peter Weiss (Boat op)
  Calvin Carlson (Boat op, Alaska)
  Vernon Carlson (Boat op, Alaska)
  Kevin Foster (Boat op, Alaska)
  Larry Smith (Boat op, Alaska)
  Floyd Brooks (Boat op, Alaska)
  Dan Dierker (Logistical boat op)
  Mark Franke (Logistical boat op)
  Matt Kaplinski (Logistical boat op)
  Steven Jones (Tech support boat op)
  Jefferson Wagner (Kayak trainer)
  Bill "Buckwheat" Overington (Kayaker, Alaska)
  Margaret Viera (Marine head cook)
  Kelly Wagner (Asst cook)
  PJ Connelly (Marine scout)
  Lynne Seus (Asst bear trainer)
  Scott Smith (Asst bear trainer)
  Clint Youngreen (Asst bear trainer)
  Doug Seus's Wasatch Rocky Mountain Wildlife (Bart the Bear owned and trained by)
  Sidney Yost (Animal handler)
  Andrea Gold (Animal handler)
  Carrie Hakanson (Animal handler)
  April Melcher (Animal handler)
  Cody Smith (Animal handler)
  Chandra Marrs (Animal handler)
  Joseph Camp (Animal handler)
  Steve Reddy (Animal handler)
  Mike Miller (Animal handler)
  Guin Dill (Animal handler)
  Heather Long (Animal handler)
  Russell Adams (Animal handler)
  Catherine Pittman (Animal handler)
  Brandon McMillan (Animal handler)
  Jean M. Simpson (Animal handler)
  Roland Sonnenburg (Animal handler)
  Bruce M. Gore (Animal safety)
  George Egowa (Animal safety)
  Troy Williams (Animal safety)
  Hat Trick Catering (Catering)
  Stanley Pratt (Chef)
  Peter Lowe (Chef)
  Mario R. Escobar (Chef, Mexico)
  Brekke Lowe (Asst chef)
  Winston Wingfield (Asst chef)
  Dorian Alvarez (Prep cook)
  Henry R. Ochel Jr. (Catering asst)
  Patsy Williams (Craft service)
  Saul Sanchez (Craft service)
  Dannon Walters III (Craft service)
  Guillermo Oseguera (Craft service)
  Don Williams (Craft service)
  Dr. Robert Huizenga (Physician)
  Dr. Paula Schoen (Physician)
  Mindy Podolsky (Dietician)
  Elida Cerda (Set medic)
  Rachel Carlson (Set medic)
  Cheryl Miller (Set masseuse)
  Craig Mutsch (Wheat combine op)
  James Beidler (Wheat combine op)
  Gary Davidson (Wheat combine op)
  Michael Antoniazzi (Wheat combine op)
  Beth Unger Stallkamp (Clearances)
  Elizabeth Bardsley & Associates (Annotation of scr)
  Vision Communications (Walkies provided by)
  Sundance Helicopters, Inc. (Helicopters provided by)
  Era Helicopters, LLC (Helicopters provided by)
  Evergreen Helicopters (Helicopters provided by)
  Southcoast Helicopters (Helicopters provided by)
  Cheyenne Studios, LLC (Studio provided by)
  Reel Security Corp. (Security services provided by)
  DeWitt Stern Group (Insurance provided by)
  Christie Mattull ([Insurance])
  Business Affairs, Inc. (Legal services provided by)
  Steve Monas ([Attorney])
  Julia Scott ([Attorney])
  Nicole Papincak ([Attorney])
  Film Finances, Inc. (Completion bond services)
  Kurt Woolner ([Completion bond])
  Susan Muir ([Completion bond])
  New Act Travel (Travel provided by)
  Donna Piumetti ([Travel agent])
Stand In: Patrick J. Statham (Stunt coord)
  Doug Seus (Bear stunt coord)
  Chuck Waters (Stunts)
  Mark McDaniels (Stunts)
  Marlow Long (Stunts)
  Gary Wayton (Stunts)
  Stephen Hart (Stunts)
  Cole McKay (Stunts)
  Kai Shelton (Stunts)
  Jeff Danoff (Stunts)
  Cliff Fleming (Helicopter pilot)
  Rick Shuster (Helicopter pilot)
  Tom Schaus (Helicopter pilot)
Color Personnel: Company 3 (Digital intermediate provided by)
  Stefan Sonnenfeld (Exec prod for Company 3/Colorist)
  Adrian DeLude (Addl colorist)
  Jim Eberle (On-line ed)
  Nick Monton (Digital intermediate prod)
  Missy Papageorge (Company 3 prod)
  Jackie Lee (Digital intermediate account exec)
  Mike Chiado (Digital intermediate technologist)
  Marilyn Sommer (Digital intermediate negative preparation)
  Chris Regan (Col timer)
MPAA Rating: R
Country: United States
Language: English

Music: “The Wolf,” written & performed by Eddie Vedder, courtesy of Monkeywrench, Inc./J Records; “Emory and Old St. Andrews March” composed by Henry D. Frantz, Jr., performed by The Atlanta Pipe Band; "Best Unsaid," "Timekeeper," "Carte Noir" and "Flood," written & performed by Michael Brook, courtesy of Canadian Rational LLC/bigHelium Entertainment LLC; "Doing the Wrong Thing" and "Frame," written & performed by Kaki King, courtesy of Epic Records, by arrangement with Sony BMG Music Entertainment.
Songs: “Long Nights,” “Rise,” “Guaranteed” and “No Ceiling,” written & performed by Eddie Vedder, courtesy of Monkeywrench, Inc./J Records; “Going Up the Country,” written by Alan Wilson, performed by Canned Heat, courtesy of Capital Records, Inc., under license from EMI Film & Television Music; “Hard Sun,” written by Gordon Peterson, performed by Eddie Vedder & Corin Tucker, courtesy of Monkeywrench, Inc./J Records; “The Water Ran This Way Back and Forth,” written by James Rutledge, performed by Pedro, courtesy of Mush Records; “I Thought I Was You,” written by Sean Hannan & Jerry Hannan, performed by Kelly Peterson; “U Can’t Touch This,” written by Kirk Burrell, James Johnson, Alonzo Miller, performed by M.C. Hammer, courtesy of Capitol Records, Inc., under license from EMI Film & Television Music; “Dakota Themes,” written & performed by Peter Ostroushko, courtesy of Red House Records, Inc.; “Society,” written by Jerry Hannan, performed by Eddie Vedder & Jerry Hannan, courtesy of Monkeywrench, Inc./J Records; “Kaa,” written & performed by Claude Chalhoub, courtesy of Teldec Classics International, by arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing; “Fork and File,” written by Erik Pearson, performed by The Crooked Jades, courtesy of Jade Note Music; “King of the Road,” written & performed by Roger Miller, courtesy of The Island Def Jam Music Group under license from Universal Music Enterprises; “Slab Song,” written & performed by Everett "Insane Wayne" Smith; "Tracy's Song," written by David Baerwald & Kristen Stewart, performed by Kristen Stewart; "Porterville," written by John C. Fogerty, performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival, courtesy of Fantasy Records, used by permission of Concord Music Group, Inc.; "I Saw It," written & performed by Michael Brook, courtesy of Home Box Office, Inc.; "Angel from Montgomery," written by John Prine, performed by Kristen Stewart & Emile Hirsch; "Picking Berries," written & performed by Gustavo Santaolalla.
Composer: David Baerwald
  Michael Brook
  Kirk Burrell
  Claude Chalhoub
  John C. Fogerty
  Henry D. Frantz Jr.
  Jerry Hannan
  Sean Hannan
  James Johnson
  Kaki King
  Alonzo Miller
  Roger Miller
  Peter Ostroushko
  Erik Pearson
  Gordon Peterson
  John Prine
  James Rutledge
  Gustavo Santaolalla
  Everett "Insane Wayne" Smith
  Kristen Stewart
  Eddie Vedder
  Alan Wilson
Source Text: Based on the book Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer (New York, 1996).
Authors: Jon Krakauer

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
River Road Entertainment, LLC 0/0/2007 dd/mm/yyyy  
Paramount Vantage 0/0/2007 dd/mm/yyyy  

PCA NO: 43620
Physical Properties: Sd: Dolby Digital; dts Digital Sound; SDDS Sony Dynamic Sound in selected theatres
  col: Fujifilm
  Lenses/Prints: Negative developing by Fotokem; Prints provided by DeLuxe Laboratories

Genre: Adventure
Sub-Genre: with songs
Subjects (Major): Alaska
  Family relationships
  Voyages and travel
Subjects (Minor): Accidental death
  Aged men
  Battered children
  College students
  Emory University (Atlanta, GA)
  Generation gap
  Jack London
  Lure of the primitive
  Mexican-American border region
  Missing persons
  Henry David Thoreau
  Leo Tolstoy
  Wild animals

Note: The film opens with a brief sequence depicting “Christopher Johnson McCandless’” mother “Billie” having a nightmare in which her son whispers to her for help. Billie awakens and protests to her husband “Walt” that it was not just a dream. Then, yellow handwriting appears on the screen—a device used throughout the picture—excerpting a letter written by Chris to “Wayne Westerberg” in 1992 telling him that he has just arrived in Fairbanks, AK. As Chris writes, “I now walk into the wild,” the lettering dissolves to the card bearing the title Into the Wild . The yellow handwriting usually consists of letters or journal entries written by or quotes favored by Chris. Titles introducing the location and dates appear frequently, and as Chris begins his travels after graduating from Emory, the picture is divided up into five “chapters” entitled “My Own Birth,” “Adolescence,” “Manhood,” “Family” and “Getting of Wisdom.”
       The film is structured so that it alternates between the sequences set in 1992, when Chris struggles in the Alaskan wilderness, and the previous two years, during which he travels throughout the West, meeting new people. Slow motion, split screens and freeze frames are used occasionally throughout the picture to emphasize the action, and recurrent voice-over narration by Chris and his sister “Carine” is heard as they explain their feelings, Chris's past and his actions. Carine expresses great sympathy for her brother and his quest, and although she admits to having occasional hurt feelings that he never contacted her, she states that it was his story, and it was up to him to tell it his way. Occasionally, footage made to resemble old home movies is seen, such as when Carine describes Chris buying his treasured Datsun after high school graduation, and another time when the two of them, as young children, witness a violent argument between their parents.
       Sean Penn’s onscreen credit reads “Screenplay and directed by.” At the end of the film, a still photograph of the real McCandless sitting in front of the “magic bus” is seen with a written dedication to his memory superimposed over the image. Written titles then report that two weeks after McCandless' death, his body was found by moose hunters along with the undeveloped self-portrait and his other possessions. On 19 Sep 1992, Carine flew with her brother's ashes back to the eastern seaboard, carrying his cremated remains home in her backpack. The end credits then begin with the following written acknowledgment: “The filmmakers thank Jon Krakauer for his guidance and gratefully acknowledge Walt, Billie, Carine and the entire McCandless family for their brave support in the making of this film.” Other people and companies thanked in the end credits include Wayne Westerberg, Jack Nicholson, several Alaskan Indian and Native American Indian tribes, the Black Hills Wild Horse Sanctuary in Hot Springs, SD and the National Park Service, Dept. of Interior.
       The credits list several of the quotes spoken by Chris throughout the film, giving their author and source, such as Tolstoy’s declaration “I have lived through much,” from Family Happiness , and the importance of calling a thing “by its right name,” from Dr. Zhivago by Boris Pasternak, which prompts Chris to sign his final farewell message with his correct name rather than as "Alexander Supertramp." The end credits also note that the picture was “produced in cooperation with the Department of Homeland Security.”
       As depicted in the film, Christopher Johnson McCandless (12 Feb 1968—18 Aug 1992) disappeared without a word to his family after graduating from Emory University in May 1990 and donating his college trust fund to Oxfam. McCandless spent two years traveling the western United States, mostly by hitchhiking. He stayed briefly at many locations, including Carthage, SD, where he worked for Westerberg. Although McCandless did not contact his family at all during his journey, he kept in touch with the friends he met, such as Westerberg, Jan Burres and Ron Franz. On 25 Apr 1992, McCandless arrived in Fairbanks, AK, and after studying native flora and fauna at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, library for several days, he continued hitchhiking to the beginning of the Stampede Trail, near Mount Denali National Park. He was given a ride by Jim Gallien, who portrayed himself in the film.
       McCandless hiked into the wilderness and soon found the bus in which he lived for four months. Although the origin of the “magic bus” is not explained in the film, it was brought there by Yukon Construction in 1961 as a shelter for workers in a failed attempt to build a road along the Stampede Trail. McCandless thrived for many weeks prior to his death, which Krakaeur speculated was due to poisoning from a plant in combination with ingesting a highly alkaloid fungus growing on the plant. The most likely date of McCandless' death was 18 Aug 1992, and his body was found by hunters on 6 Sep 1992. At the time of his death, although McCandless was in an area that was difficult to access, he was only sixteen miles from a well-populated tourist area of the national park.
       As noted in the onscreen credits, his sister Carine claimed his remains. Ten months later, his parents, accompanied by Krakauer, visited the bus and left a suitcase containing medical supplies and other items, as well as a note reminding travelers to call their parents. According to the Rolling Stone review of the film, the bus in which McCandless died has been visited often by his “admirers.” Twenty percent of the royalties from Krakauer’s book, which was written with the cooperation of the McCandless family, went to establish a scholarship fund in McCandless' name. Krakauer first wrote about McCandless in an 8,000-word article for Outside magazine that was published in Jan 1993. Prompted by the outpouring of mail in response to the article and a feeling of kinship with McCandless, Krakauer then wrote the full-length, best-selling book about him.
       According to various contemporary articles and interviews with director-writer Sean Penn, he became fascinated by the story after reading Krakauer’s book and immediately attempted to acquire the film rights, although there were several other individuals and studios interested. According to an article in the Vol. 10/No. 2 issue of Fade In magazine, Penn was just about to sign an agreement with the McCandless family when they withdrew their cooperation, without which Penn refused to make the picture. Many articles reported that Billie asserted she had had a dream in which her son stated he did not want the movie to be made. Ten years later, Billie and the other members of the family changed their minds, and Penn was granted the rights. Press notes reveal that the McCandless family cooperated with the filmmakers, meeting with them and the cast and offering personal diaries, letters, photographs and other mementos.
       In the Fade In interview, Penn noted that, before writing the final draft of the screenplay, he traveled the country to retrace McCandless' journey and meet the people whom he had befriended. Press notes state that the additional narration written by Carine, Jena Malone and poet Sharon Olds came about as a collaborative effort in which the three women worked together to flesh out the voice-over narrations spoken by Malone, as Carine. The poem quoted by Chris to Carine in the film after he graduates from Emory University, which describes a child’s conflicted desire to prevent the unhappy marriage of her parents, is excerpted from “I Go Back to May 1937” by Olds, published in her The Gold Cell (New York, 1987).
       A 9 Sep 2007 LAT article reported that when Penn first envisioned filming Into the Wild , he hoped to star Leonardo DiCaprio in the lead role, with Marlon Brando [who died in 2004] co-starring as “Ron Franz.” Penn cast Emile Hirsch in the role of Chris after seeing him in the 2005 film Lords of Dogtown . Press notes for the film reported that the slightly built Hirsch lost forty-one pounds to portray Chris as he suffered from starvation. An online source adds that Daveigh Chase auditioned for the role of “Tracy Tatro,” and includes the following actors in the cast: Dan Burch, Joe Dustin, Kathleen Mattice, Parris Mosteller, J. Nathan Simmons, Susan Spencer and Haley Sweet.
       Into the Wild marked the screen acting debut of river rafting expert Brian Dierker, who plays “Rainey.” At first Dierker, who had worked previously on a number of films as a location scout and camera boat operator, was hired to train Hirsch in kayaking and to supervise the sequences in which Chris runs the rapids, but Penn persuaded him to appear in the film as an actor, according to press notes. Several contemporary sources add that Hirsch performed all of the kayaking stunts himself.
       As reported by contemporary sources, although the producers initially considered shooting only in Utah or Vancouver, Penn eventually insisted that it be filmed on many of the story's actual locations. The end credits include the list of following locations: Cantwell, Anchorage, Fairbanks and Healy, AK; Page, Lake Mead, Bullhead City, Peach Springs, Lee’s Ferry, Grand Canyon, Parker, Topock and Yuma, AZ; Catalina Island, El Centro, Lake Tahoe, Los Angeles, Palm Springs, Needles, Salton City and Slab City, CA; Atlanta, GA; Algodones and El Golfo De Santa Clara, Mexico; Reno, Las Vegas, Laughlin and Boulder City, NV; Astoria, Portland, Mt. Hood and Sisters, OR; Hot Springs, Winner and Carthage, SD; and Cape Disappointment and Seattle, WA. The film company traveled to Alaska four separate times to capture seasonal differences, according to an interview with director of photography Eric Gautier in the Oct 2007 issue of AmCin . In a Sep 2007 interview with NYT , production designer Derek Hill related that waiting for the required weather conditions caused frequent breaks during the eight months of principal production.
       Although Penn and other crew members visited the bus in which McCandless died, contemporary sources reported that they decided not to film there out of respect to him and his family, and instead built an exact replica of the derelict vehicle from parts of two buses of the same make. The crew took extensive photographs of the interior of the real bus to duplicate it completely for the replica, which was located in the Alaskan town of Cantwell, about fifty miles from where McCandless died. A 6 Sep 2007 HR article on producer Bill Pohlad, the president of River Road Entertainment, which partially financed Into the Wild , reported that the decision to film the picture at so many locations “raised the budget by several million." According to the 16 Sep 2007 NYT article, when the picture “ran short of funds,” Penn “had to kick in some of his own [money].”
       A Sep 2007 NYT feature article on the film noted that in addition to Gautier’s work, some of the film was photographed by Penn. In the Fade In article, Penn related that filming in Alaska was particularly difficult due to the rugged and dangerous terrain and the cold, which threatened to freeze their equipment. Press notes reported that Penn used many nonprofessionals in the film, in addition to Dierker, including Leonard Knight, the creator of “Salvation Mountain” near Slab City, occupants of Slab City and homeless people living near the Los Angeles Mission. Penn also hired Westerberg, McCandless' friend and employer in Carthage, SD, as a consultant and to serve as a driver while the production was filming in the area.
       After completing principal photography, Penn showed a rough cut of Into the Wild to well-known singer-songwriter Eddie Vedder, with whom he had worked previously on the films Dead Man Walking (1995) and I Am Sam (2001). Although Penn at first requested only that Vedder supply one or two songs or pieces of music for the film’s score, according to a 21 Sep 2007 Entertainment Weekly interview, Vedder’s music prompted Penn to ask for more, stating that it “could be the interior voice of the character [Chris].” In an interview with Time magazine, Penn stated that he had “written the script originally structured for songs” in order to have the “songwriter be a co-author.” Eventually, Vedder not only wrote and performed a number of songs for the film, he contributed to the score written by composers-guitarists Michael Brook and Kaki King. The onscreen credits noted that the film’s soundtrack was available on Monkeywrench/J Records.
       According to a 17 Sep 2007 DV article, Samsung partnered with Landmark Theaters in a multimillion-dollar effort to market the film, because the Korean electronics manufacturer was looking to expand its consumer base among moviegoers who favor independent films. The deal was the initial collaboration between Samsung and Landmark, which was to include extensive advertising and the launching of Samsung’s new movie-oriented website, The film played at various film festivals including the Mill Valley Film Festival on 13 Sep 2007, the Cinema Rome Film Fest on 20 Oct 2007 and the London Film Festival on 25 Oct 2007.
       In addition to being named one of AFI’s Movies of the Year for 2007, the picture was placed on the top ten lists of numerous critics’ groups, including the National Board of Review. Hirsch received Best Actor nominations from the Screen Actors Guild and the Broadcast Film Critics Association, and was awarded the Breakthrough Performance—Male by the National Board of Review. The film received three other SAG Award nominations: Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role (Catherine Keener) and Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role (Hal Holbrook). The picture received a Golden Globe for Best Original Song--Motion Picture (“Guaranteed”) and was nominated for Best Original Score. “Guaranteed” was also nominated for a Grammy for Best Song Written for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Penn received a nomination from the Directors Guild of America for directorial achievement in a feature film and a nomination from the Writers Guild of America for his adapted screenplay. Into the Wild was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor (Hal Holbrook) and Best Film Editing. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
American Cinematographer   Oct 2007   pp. 16-20.
Daily Variety   2 Feb 2006.   
Daily Variety   4 Sep 2007   p. 2, 10.
Daily Variety   10 Sep 2007.   
Daily Variety   17 Sep 2007   p. 4, 14.
Daily Variety   12 Dec 2007   Section A, p. 1, 13.
Entertainment Weekly   21 Sep 2007   pp. 32-33.
Entertainment Weekly   28 Sep 2007   p. 86.
Entertainment Weekly   11 Jan 2008   pp. 44-46.
Fade In   Vol. 10/No. 2   pp. 66-71.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Jul 2006   p. 26.
Hollywood Reporter   5 Dec 2006   p. 25.
Hollywood Reporter   27 Jul 2007   p. 33, 39.
Hollywood Reporter   4 Sep 2007   p. 41, 43.
Hollywood Reporter   6 Sep 2007.   
Hollywood Reporter   14-16 Sep 2007.   
Hollywood Reporter   27 Sep 2007.   
Hollywood Reporter   1 Nov 2007.   
Los Angeles Times   9 Sep 2007.   
Los Angeles Times   18 Sep 2007   Calendar, p. 1.
Los Angeles Times   21 Sep 2007.   
Los Angeles Times   12 Dec 2007.   
Los Angeles Times   23 Dec 2007   Calendar, p. 1, 13.
New York   24 Sep 2007   pp. 78-79.
New York Times   16 Sep 2007   Arts, p. 1, 20.
New York Times   21 Sep 2007.   
New York Times   30 Sep 2007.   
New Yorker   8 Oct 2007.   
Outside   Apr 2006.   
Rolling Stone   4 Oct 2007.   
Sight & Sound   Dec 2007   pp. 48-49, 72, 74.
Time   24 Sep 2007   pp. 85-87.
Variety   3 Sep 2007.   p. 50.
Village Voice   18 Sep 2007.   
WSJ   21 Sep 2007.   

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