AFI Catalog of Feature Films
Movie Detail
Name Occurs Before Title Offscreen Credit Print Viewed By AFI
Director: Patty Jenkins (Dir)
Release Date:   9 Jan 2004
Premiere Information:   World premiere at AFI Fest: 16 Nov 2003; New York opening: 24 Dec 2003; Los Angeles opening: 26 Dec 2003
Production Date:   4 Feb 2003--17 Mar 2003 at the Chapman/Leonard Studio and Production Center
Duration (in mins):   108-109
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Cast:   Charlize Theron (Aileen ["Lee"] Wuornos)  
    Christina Ricci (Selby [Wall])  
    Bruce Dern (Thomas [Tom])  
    Lee Tergesen (Vincent Corey)  
    Annie Corley (Donna [Tentler])  
    Pruitt Taylor Vince (Gene/Stuttering "john")  
    Marco St. John (Evan/Undercover "john")  
    Marc Macaulay (Will/Daddy "john")  
    Scott Wilson (Horton/Last "john")  
    Rus Blackwell (Cop)  
    Tim Ware (Chuck)  
    Stephan Jones (Lawyer)  
    Brett Rice (Charles [Tentler])  
    Kaitlin Riley (Teenage Aileen)  
    Cree Ivey (7-year-old Aileen)  
    Catherine Mangan (Justy)  
    Magdelena Manville (Bar lap girl)  
    T. Robert Pigott (Bartender)  
    Romonda Shaver (Employment agent)  
    Glenn R. Wilder (Restaurant manager)  
    Elaine Stebbins (Wife at accident)  
    Kane Hodder (Undercover cop)  
    Christian Page Stokes (Undercover cop)  
    Lyllian Barcaski (Bar girl)  
    Nonalee Davis (Bar girl)  
    Bubba Baker (Cubby)  
    Al (Himself) at The Last Resort
    Cannonball (Himself)  
    Chad Vaccarino (Trevor [Tentler])  
    Honorable Gene R. Stephenson (Judge)  
    Jesse Stern (Skate rink attendant)  
    Bill Boylan (Police Chief)  
    Jim R. Coleman (Newscaster)  
    Chandra Leigh (Cute teenage attendant)  
    Lori McDonald (Attendant)  
    Adam Brown (Attendant)  

Summary: After years of prostituting herself along the highways of Florida, Aileen “Lee” Wuornos sits in the rain by the side of the freeway and contemplates ending her life with a gun she is holding. Deciding to spend her last five dollars on getting drunk, Aileen walks into a gay bar and orders a beer. When Selby Wall, a young lesbian with her arm in a cast, sits down next to Lee and offers to buy her a drink, Lee, horrified that Selby might think she is a lesbian, lashes out at the girl. However, after Selby assures Lee that she is lonely and just wants to talk to someone, the two share drinks until closing time when Lee’s belligerent attitude prompts the bartender to throw them out. Selby then invites Lee home to spend the night. There Selby caresses the love-starved Lee’s face, but the next morning, their tranquility is shattered when Donna Tentler, a friend of the Walls with whom Selby is staying, bursts into the room and demands to know what is going on. After Lee makes arrangements to meet Selby at a roller rink later that night and hurriedly leaves, Donna warns Selby never to bring “people like that” home again. Lee proceeds to a warehouse in which her possessions are stored and there meets her friend Tom, a kindly father figure who gives her a sandwich and a beer. Later, Lee prepares for her date with Selby by styling her hair in the bathroom of a gas station. At the roller rink, Selby tells Lee that she thinks it is “wild” that people actually pay to be with her and explains that her father sent her to Florida after she was accused of trying to kiss a girl back home in Ohio. Lee pulls the reluctant Selby onto the rink and the two glide along, staring romantically into each other’s eyes. Later, their passionate kissing in the alley outside the rink is observed by Trevor, Donna’s son. The next day, as Lee solicits along the highway, Donna informs Selby that Trevor reported seeing her in the alley. Donna has conveyed the information to Selby’s father, who wants his daughter to return to Ohio immediately. After having sex with one john, Lee is picked up by Vincent Corey, who drives her into an empty field and demands that she perform oral sex on him in addition to the previously agreed-upon fornication. Impatient to keep her date with Selby, Lee refuses to perform both acts, after which Corey bashes her in the head, ties her hands to the car door and brutally rapes her with a pipe. When he pours alcohol on her wounds, Lee, fearing that he is about to kill her, flies into a frenzy, and wrenching her hands free, pulls her gun from her jacket and shoots him several times, then, howling in fury, pistol-whips him. After covering up the body, Lee wipes the blood from her face and drives off in Corey’s car to see Selby. Lee’s tapping on Selby’s window awakens Donna, who summons her husband Charles to chase off the vagrant. Although Selby is angry at Lee for not keeping their date, she runs outside to warn her to leave and informs her that she has agreed to return home to Ohio. Promising to put Selby on a bus bound for home if she is unhappy, Lee hands her the cash she has made from soliciting and begs her to stay with her for one week. Selby accepts Lee’s offer, and the two drive off in Corey’s car. After checking into a roadside motel, Lee takes Selby to her hangout at The Last Resort, a biker bar in Port Orange, Florida. Later, as Lee drives Corey’s car into the woods and wipes it clean of fingerprints, Selby returns to Donna’s to collect her belongings. Donna then calls Selby’s father, who berates the girl and demands that she come home. Thrusting the phone at Donna, Selby leaves and returns to the motel to tell Lee she has decided to stay with her. Overwhelmed with happiness, Lee promises to take care of Selby, but when Lee vows to “quit hooking,” Selby worries about how she will support them. Lee naïvely replies that she will get a career-level job like veterinarian or “business person.” However, when Lee tells one of her potential employers that she has no experience and no work history, the man laughs, prompting Lee to swear at him. When Lee recounts her humiliating rejection to Selby and admits that she has run out of money, Selby whines that she is hungry and worries over how Lee will provide for her. After failing to find any work at the employment office, Lee is about to throw out the employment section of the newspaper when she spots a story stating that Corey’s body has been found. Upon returning to the motel, Lee is confronted by Selby, who is upset that Lee has curtailed their income by refusing to solicit men. Lee then confesses that she killed her last john after he raped and beat her. When Lee states that she was afraid the man was going to kill her, Selby apologizes and Lee shows her the murder story in the paper, then admits that she stopped soliciting because she was fearful of getting caught. Conceding that she has been hooking since she was thirteen years old, Lee resigns herself to a life of prostitution and returns to picking up johns along the road. One night, a john drives Lee into a deserted field, and when he asks her to call him “daddy,” she shoots him. As Lee drives off in the dead man's car, she muses about a Ferris wheel from her childhood dubbed “the monster.” The wheel magically lit up the night sky, but when she rode on it, she became nauseous and vomited. Upon returning to the hotel, Lee hands Selby a fistful of cash, then muses that in her life, the “harmless stuff always hurts the most…[but] things so horrible don’t bother her.” After a night of passionate love making, Lee rents Selby an apartment and carries her over the threshold. Later, Lee is picked up by a nervous, stuttering john who admits that it is his “first time.” When the man puts his wallet on the dashboard of his car and tells her to take what she wants, Lee masturbates him and he thanks her. Afterward, Lee continues soliciting, and upon returning home, cuts out a newspaper story about another murder and stuffs it into a box. The next morning, Selby, disgruntled about being left home alone while Lee is out working, drives off in one of the dead men’s cars that Lee has driven home. Selby goes to a lesbian bar where she meets several women who tell her about a place called “Fun World.” When Selby comes home, Lee chastises her for taking the car, prompting Selby to accuse Lee of “scaring off people,” and insists that she take her to Fun World. There Selby sees the women from the bar and goes off with them. Later, Selby asks Lee to join her on the Ferris wheel. Remembering her sickening childhood experience, Lee smiles wanly and joins Selby. As Selby drives them home, Lee tells her that she turned to prostitution to support her younger brother and sister, who called her a "whore" when they found out. Mesmerized by Lee’s story, Selby misses the turnoff, and when she makes a sharp turn, the car careens out of control and smashes into someone's front yard. When the owners of the house run out, Lee speeds off, then abandons the car. After Selby complains that she wants to drive in the car rather than walk, Lee informs her that the vehicle belongs to a dead man. As they hurriedly pack their clothes to flee, Lee shows Selby the box stuffed with clippings about the murders. Selby protests that Lee cannot go around killing people, to which Lee responds that she "is good with the Lord and people kill each other every day.” To steal a car for their getaway, Lee picks up another john, but when Lee begins to talk about her rape and expresses her rage toward men, the older john becomes nervous. Pulling out her gun, Lee shoots him and upon examining his wallet, discovers that he was a retired policeman. At The Last Resort, Lee tells Tom goodbye, wailing that she had no control over what she did and never had a choice. As the couple who saw the crash provides the police sketch artists with a description of the women, Lee, urged by Selby to secure another car, walks the highway looking for a john. A kindly, elderly man stops and offers Lee a room and some clothes. Unnerved, Lee tries to get out of the car, but when he sees the gun slip out of her pocket, she forces the man to drive into the woods and shoots him, even though she feels profound anguish for her actions. When Lee returns home, Selby tells her about seeing their sketches on a television news broadcast. Realizing that they are in danger, Lee takes Selby to the bus station where Lee breaks down and begs her to come back one day. After giving Selby the last of her money and putting her on a bus headed for Ohio, a depressed Lee leans dejectedly over a bridge and throws the gun into the water below. At The Last Resort, Lee is met by Tom, who admonishes her to leave the bar. When Lee insists on waiting for Selby’s call, an undercover policeman posing as a biker offers to give her change for the pay phone. While following the man to his car to get the change, Lee is apprehended by the police. Arrested on an old warrant, Lee is taken to prison where Selby phones her as the police record the conversation. Although Lee tries to discuss their relationship, Selby is only interested in manipulating her into taking sole responsibility for the murders. Although Lee realizes that Selby is setting her up, she vows her love for Selby then states “it was me and only me,” as the police record their conversation. Lee’s confession is played in court, where Selby takes the stand and testifies against her former lover. After the judge sentences Lee to death, she tells him to "rot in hell [for] sending a raped woman to death." As Lee recalls all the empty platitudes she has heard in her lifetime, the police lead her away.  

Production Company: Denver & Delilah Films  
  Junction Films  
  Media 8 Entertainment  
Distribution Company: Newmarket Fiilms  
Director: Patty Jenkins (Dir)
  Guy Livneh (2d unit dir)
  David Cluck (1st asst dir)
  Derek Tow (1st asst dir, 2d unit/2d 2d asst dir)
  Jay Ostrowski (2d asst dir)
  Tony Taylor (2d asst dir, 2d unit)
Producer: Charlize Theron (Prod)
  Mark Damon (Prod)
  Clark Peterson (Prod)
  Donald Kushner (Prod)
  Brad Wyman (Prod)
  Sammy Lee (Exec prod)
  Meagan Riley-Grant (Exec prod)
  Stewart Hall (Exec prod)
  Andreas Grosch (Exec prod)
  Andreas Schmid (Exec prod)
  Brent Morris (Co-prod)
Writer: Patty Jenkins (Wrt)
Photography: Steven Bernstein (Dir of photog)
  Guy Livneh (Dir of photog, 2d unit)
  Stephen Campbell (Cam op/Addl photog)
  Tom Richmond (Addl photog)
  Bob M. Scott (Addl cam op)
  Paige Thomas (1st asst cam)
  Erik C. Emerson (1st asst cam, 2d unit)
  Harry Vali Valus (1st asst cam, prep)
  Joshua Harrison (1st asst, B cam)
  Benjamin Lowell (2d asst cam)
  Robert A. Monk (2d asst cam, 2d unit)
  John Oliveri (2d asst cam, 2d unit)
  Robert Veliky (2d asst cam, 2d unit)
  Arthur Yambor (Loader)
  Grayson Grant Austin (Steadicam op)
  Gene Page (Stills photog)
  Craig Anderson (24-frame playback tech)
  Jerry Rose (24-frame playback tech)
  Ted Hayash (Chief lighting tech)
  Jack R. Nealy (Best boy elec)
  Scott Stuart (Best boy elec)
  Michael Walsh (Rigging gaffer)
  Louis Normandin (Elec)
  Jonathan Stoll (Elec)
  Jonathan Bowen (Elec)
  Michael Bedore (Elec)
  Kevin J. Burroughs (Elec)
  Russell E. Curtis (Elec)
  Rick F. Daus Jr. (Elec)
  Michael D. Fitzgerald (Elec)
  Ken Hoover (Elec)
  Tim McGuire (Elec)
  John Sawyer (Elec)
  John Woruck (Elec)
  Mark Wostak (Elec)
  Vidal Cohen (Key grip)
  Rick Cottrell (Key grip)
  Ben Bardin (Key grip, 2d unit)
  Richard Ramee (Best boy grip)
  Patrick K. Meng (Best boy grip)
  Kevin Jackson (Best boy grip, 2d unit)
  Ben J. Kanegson (Dolly grip)
  Don Guth (Crane tech)
  Philip H. Stevenson (Grip)
  Jason Bing (Grip)
  Brendan Duffy (Grip)
  Michael 'Doc' Cetrulo (Grip)
  Gary H. Clay (Grip)
  Sean Fisher (Grip)
  Marvin J. Haven (Grip)
  Stephen Herter (Grip)
  Samuel Andy Seely (Grip)
  James D. Travis (Grip)
  Sean R. Wilson (Grip)
  S. Mattieu Workman (Grip)
  Kenny Rivenbark (Grip, 2d unit)
  Yoshi (Cam intern)
  Hollywood Rentals Production Services (Lighting and grip equipment supplied by)
  Chapman/Leonard Studio Equipment, Inc. (Cranes and dollies provided by)
Art Direction: Edward T. McAvoy (Prod des)
  Orvis Rigsby (Art dir)
  Karen Rigsby (Art dept coord)
Film Editor: Jane Kurson (Ed)
  Arthur Coburn (Ed)
  George Cunningham (Asst ed)
  Michael Nouryeh (Asst ed)
  FotoKem (Telecine)
  Digital Cut Post (Avid film comp provided by)
  Ed Santiago (Avid consultant)
  Anthony Santiago (Avid tech)
  Darrel Drinkard (Avid tech)
  Isis Pictures (News footage post-prod)
  Dave Van Houtte (News footage post-prod)
  Barebones 24 (Video playback rentals)
  Magic Film & Video Works (Lokbox electronic negative conforming)
Set Decoration: Shawn R. McFall (Set dec)
  Jim S. Williams (Lead man)
  Michael E. Hendrick (Swing set dresser)
  Dan Wilkerson (On set dresser)
  Tammie N. Byers (Addl set dresser)
  Eric Baker (Addl set dresser)
  Bethany Berry-Weiss (Addl set dresser)
  Bret W. M. Kane (Addl set dresser)
  Jeff 'J. Mac' McDonald (Addl set dresser)
  John Tegethoff (Addl set dresser)
  James Parker (Addl set dresser)
  Michael J. Elding (Const coord)
  Douglas Winters (Const foreman)
  Alan S. Reynolds (Scenic artist)
  John Balling (Lead scenic artist)
  James B. Perdue (Scenic artist)
  Mary Jo Snyder (Scenic artist)
  Stitch Crisp (Prop master)
  Andrew R. Wert (Asst prop master)
  Gene Siegmund (Prop maker)
  Cornelius Carroll (Prop maker)
Costumes: Rhona Meyers (Cost des)
  Emae Villalobos (Cost supv)
  Pamela Incardona (Cost supv)
  Claudia Combee (Key set cost)
  Terri Binion (Cost)
  Judi Stewart (Cost)
  Emily Harris (Cost prep)
  Andrea Hathaway (Ward asst)
  Jen Haines (Ward asst)
  Amelia Buhrman (Los Angeles ward asst)
  Al Almeida (Los Angeles ward asst)
  Sara McInturff (Los Angeles ward asst)
  Unchin Lee (Los Angeles ward asst)
Music: BT (Score wrt, prod and arr)
  Howard Paar (Mus supv)
  Brian Bulman (Mus ed)
  Steve Perry (Mus consultant)
  Jenée Clark (Mus coord)
  Michael DiMattia (Mus asst to BT)
  Ben Grossman (Hurdy-Gurdy)
  Steven Barkan (Live band rec)
  RPM Studios, NYC (Live band rec at)
  Richard Fortus (Addl guitars)
  Winston Roye (Addl bass)
  Sterling Campbell (Drums)
  Danny Patterson (Addl programming)
  Mystic Demons, Inc. (Exec mus consulting)
Sound: Peter Devlin (Prod sd mixer)
  Kevin Cerchiai (Boom op)
  Scott Clements (Addl boom)
  Geoffrey G. Rubay (Sd des & supv)
  Zack Davis (Sd des & supv)
  Marc Fishman (Re-rec mixer)
  Tony Lamberti (Re-rec mixer)
  John G. Cannon (1st asst sd ed)
  Robert Deschaine (ADR mixer)
  Tami Treadwell (ADR rec)
  Karen Vassar (Backgrounds ed)
  Lou Kleinman (Dial ed)
  Carey Milbradt (Foley ed/Mixer)
  John Dunn (Eff ed)
  David M. Young (Audio eng)
  Jeffrey M. Glueck (Audio eng)
  John Bires (Audio eng)
  Todd-AO Radford (Sd mixed at)
  Andy Potvin (Dolby consultant)
Special Effects: Philip Beck (Spec eff coord)
  Ron Keller (Spec eff tech)
  Kevin Morrissey (Spec eff asst)
Make Up: Toni G (Personal makeup artist to Charlize Theron)
  Lee Grimes (Key makeup artist)
  Yoichi Art Sakamoto (Prosthetic dentistry)
  Rodger Jacobs (Makeup asst)
  Johan Levy (Makeup asst)
  Carol Rasheed (Makeup asst)
  Kathe Swanson (Key hairstylist)
  Mary Lampert (Hair asst)
  Terrie L. Irwin (Hair asst)
Production Misc: Ferne Cassel (Casting)
  Caitlin McKenna (ADR voice casting)
  The Christensen Group (Extras casting)
  Lisa Leogrande Ginsberg (Extras coord)
  Jennifer Conrader (Extras coord)
  Craig W. Richards (Unit prod mgr)
  Jesse Stern (Story ed)
  Brooks Baldwin (Dialect coach)
  Stephanie Lowell (Scr supv)
  Alice Wymer (Scr supv, 2d unit)
  Brenda White (Prod coord)
  Amy Comstock (Prod accountant)
  Donny H. Herran (Accounting prod asst)
  The Audit Trail, Inc. (Post prod accounting services)
  Diane Pacheco (Post prod accountant)
  Eve Neufahrt (Prod controller for VIP)
  Abby S. Ginsburg (Prod secy)
  Mark Peterka (Prod secy, Los Angeles)
  Jimmy Li (Prod supv)
  Matthew Waldman (Prod supv)
  Arie Bohrer (Prod supv for VIP)
  Michael Toji (Post prod supv)
  Handprint Productions (Prod consultant)
  Benny Medina (Prod consultant)
  Jeff Pollack (Prod consultant)
  Jane Berliner (Prod consultant)
  Joe Fineman (Post prod consulting by EPC)
  David Alvarado (Prod assoc)
  Beth Kono (Asst to Charlize Theron)
  Jean Arthur (2d asst to Charlize Theron)
  Halle Vermillion (Asst to Christina Ricci)
  David Savinski (Asst to Bruce Dern)
  Claire Carre (Asst to Patty Jenkins)
  Jessica Jenkins (Asst to Patty Jenkins)
  Jessica L. Jordan (Asst to Mark Damon)
  Krystian Lagowski (Key set prod asst)
  Ian McCain (Key set prod asst)
  Carrie Sweeney (Office prod asst)
  Katherine S. Chang (Prod asst, Los Angeles)
  Matthew S. Naumann (Prod asst)
  Courtney Nicholas (Prod asst)
  Chris McDaniel (Prod asst)
  Linda Kai (Loc mgr)
  Rick Callan (Loc mgr)
  Mary Ross (Loc asst)
  Lucy Olney (Loc scout)
  Vivian Enfinger (Set nurse)
  Catering by Valentinos (Caterer)
  Pat Mahoney (Craft service)
  "Pineapple Dan" Furuya (Craft service intern)
  Luke Halpin (Stage mgr)
  Thomas E. Lowry (Stage mgr)
  Reggie Stanley (Stage mgr)
  Diane Slattery (Unit pub)
  Gabriel London (EPK dir)
  Daniel J. Mortenson (Transportation coord)
  Stephen K. Long (Transportation capt)
  Jackie Lee Belcher (Driver)
  Stephen R. Buff (Driver)
  R. H. Campbell (Driver)
  David N. Enfinger (Driver)
  Joseph M. Hancock (Driver)
  Craig M. Hofstrand (Driver)
  James A. Nicosia (Driver)
  Kent L. Spainhour (Driver)
  Gary D. Thornton (Driver)
  William Randy Warbritton (Driver)
  Doug Wilson (Driver)
  Roland Wilson (Driver)
  Michael Messina (Driver, 2d unit)
  Grady Bishop (Cam car)
  Charlie Seale (Cam car)
  Mika Roberts (Intern)
  Jason Skweres (Intern)
  Fonte Chapman (Intern)
  Karima Gahagan (Intern)
  Aaron Allen (Intern)
  Janelle Tubbs (Intern)
  Joan Pearce Research Associates (Clearances)
  Film Finances, Inc. (Completion bond)
  Steve Ransohoff (Completion bond)
  Maureen Duffy (Completion bond)
  Paula Schmit (Completion bond)
  City National Bank (Banking services)
  Wachovia Bank (Banking services)
  Renaissance Orlando Resort (Hotel facilities)
  Speare & Co. (Prod insurance)
  Tom Alper (Prod insurance)
  Max Vega (Financing consultant)
  The Lewis Horwitz Organization (Prod financing)
  Lewis Horwitz (Prod financing)
  Arthur Stribley (Prod financing)
  David Hutkin (Prod financing)
  Lantern Lane Entertainment (Project consulting)
  David Garber (Project consulting)
  Axium Payroll Services (Payroll provided by)
  David Gaynes (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Tatyana Joffe (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Devin Cutler (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Pierre Kurland (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Brian O'Shea (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Tamara Stuparich De La Barra (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Randy Dannenberg (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Jenna Piccolo Esq. (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Jelena Tadic (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Christa Zofcin Esq. (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Roman Kopelevich (For Media 8 Entertainment)
  Kevin Koloff Esq. (Mus legal)
  Costa, Abrams & Coate, LLP: (Legal services)
  Alan Abrams Esq. ([Attorney])
  Philip J. Strina Esq. ([Attorney])
  Law offices of Greg S. Bernstein: (Legal services)
  Greg S. Bernstein Esq. ([Attorney])
  Leopold, Petrich & Smith: (Legal services)
  Fred Leopold Esq. ([Attorney])
  Kelly Lytton & Vann LLP: (Legal services)
  Ortwin Freyermuth Esq. ([Attorney])
  Bruce Vann Esq. ([Attorney])
Stand In: Kane Hodder (Stunt coord)
  Shanna Lynn (Stunt performer)
  Kiana Politis (Stunt performer)
  Tiffany Kyees (Stand-in for Charlize Theron)
  Whitney Pentzer (Stand-in for Charlize Theron)
  Jenny Coyle (Stand-in for Christina Ricci)
Color Personnel: Bob Fredrickson (Col timer)
MPAA Rating: R
Country: United States
Language: English

Songs: “All She Wants Is,” written by Nicholas James Bates, Nick Rhodes and John Nigel Taylor, performed by Duran Duran, courtesy of Capitol Records, used by permission of Colgems-EMI Music Inc./EMI Music Publishing Ltd.; “Shake Your Groove Thing,” written by Dino Fekaris and Frederick J. Perren, performed by Peaches & Herb, courtesy of Universal Records, under license from Universal Music Enterprises; “Space Age Love Song,” written by Francis Maudsley, Paul Reynolds, Alistair James Score and Michael Score, performed by A Flock of Seagulls, courtesy of Jive Records, under license from BMG Film & TV Music Division; “Tide Is High,” written by John Holt, Tyrone Evans and Howard Barrett, performed by Blondie, courtesy of EMI Records, under license from Embassy Music Corp./Music Sales West; “What You Need,” written by Andrew Farriss and Michael Hutchence, performed by INXS, courtesy of Universal Records, Atlantic Recording Corp., by arrangement with Warner Strategic Marketing, under license from WB Music Corp.; “Sugar and Spice,” written by Tony Hatch, performed by Searchers, courtesy of Sanctuary Records Group, under license from Universal Music Enterprises; “Come with Us,” written by Thomas Owen Rowlands and Edmund John Simons, performed by Chemical Brothers (featuring Beth Orton), courtesy of Virgin Records Ltd./Astralwerks, under license from Universal Music Enterprises, Amplitude Music, EMI Film & Television Music; “Crimson and Clover,” written by Tommy James and Peter P. Lucia, Jr., performed by Tommy James & The Shondells, courtesy of Rhino Entertainment Company, Virgin Records/EMI Records Ltd., by arrangement with Warner Strategic Marketing, used by permission of EMI Longitude Music; “Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah),” written by Gary Glitter and Mike Leander, performed by Joan Jett and The Blackhearts, courtesy of Blackheart Music, under license from Palan Songs America, Universal Music Enterprises; “Don’t Stop Believin’,” written by S. Perry, Jonathan Cain and Neal J. Schon, performed by Journey, courtesy of Sony Music, under license from Wixen Publishing; “Secret Crush on You,” written and performed by Pete Surdoval and Al Gross, courtesy of Marc Ferrari/Master Source, used by permission of Master Source; “Flirtin’ with Disaster,” written by Danny Joe Brown, David Lawrence Hlubek and Banner Harvey Thomas, performed by Molly Hatchet, courtesy of Sony Music, under license from Mister Sunshine Music; “Keep on Lovin’ You,” written by Kevin Patrick Cronin, Jr., performed by REO Speedwagon, courtesy of Sony Music, under license from Hori-Pro Entertainment Group; “Crazy Girl,” written by Scott Nickoley and Jamie Dunlap, performed by Molly Pasutti, courtesy of Mark Ferrari/Master Source, under license from Master Source; “A Road Runner: Road Runner’s ‘G’ Jam,” written by Lamont Herbert Dozier, Brian Holland, Eddie Holland, Greg Ridley, Jerry Shirley, Steve Marriott and Dave “Clem” Clempson, performed by Humble Pie, courtesy of Universal Records, used by permission of EMI Blackwood Music Inc., O/B/O Jobete Music Co., Inc.; “Sweet Peace and Time,” written by Greg Ridley, Jerry Shirley, Steve Marriott and Dave “Clem” Clempson, performed by Humble Pie, courtesy of Universal Records, under license from EMI U Catalogue Inc., Rondor/Almo Music Corp.
Composer: Howard Barrett
  Nicholas James Bates
  Danny Joe Brown
  Jonathan Cain
  Dave "Clem" Clempson
  Kevin Patrick Cronin Jr.
  Lamont Herbert Dozier
  Jamie Dunlap
  Tyrone Evans
  Andrew Farriss
  Dino Fekaris
  Gary Glitter
  Al Gross
  Tony Hatch
  David Lawrence Hlubek
  Brian Holland
  Eddie Holland
  John Holt
  Michael Hutchence
  Tommy James
  Mike Leander
  Peter P. Lucia Jr.
  Steve Marriott
  Frances Maudsley
  Scott Nickoley
  Frederick J. Perren
  S. Perry
  Paul Reynolds
  Nick Rhodes
  Greg Ridley
  Thomas Owen Rowlands
  Neal J. Schon
  Alistair James Score
  Michael Score
  Jerry Shirley
  Edmund John Simons
  Pete Surdoval
  John Nigel Taylor
  Banner Harvey Thomas
Source Text:

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Film & Entertainment VIP Medienfonds, 2 GmbH & Co. 0/0/2003 dd/mm/yyyy  
KG and MDP Filmproduktion GmbH 0/0/2003 dd/mm/yyyy  

PCA NO: 40180
Physical Properties: Sd: dts Digital Sound; Dolby Digital in selected theatres
  col: FotoKem
  Widescreen/ratio: 1.85:1
  Lenses/Prints: Kodak Motion Picture Film; Filmed with Panavision cameras and lenses

Genre: Drama
Subjects (Major): Lesbianism
  Multiple murderers
  Aileen Wuornos
Subjects (Minor): Arrests
  Automobile accidents
  Confession (Law)
  Employment agencies
  Fathers and daughters
  Ferris wheels
  Mental illness

Note: Before the title appears, the film opens with the written prologue: “Based on a true story.” The film begins with images of Aileen “Lee” Wuornos as a little girl as Charlize Theron, as Wuornos, describes her dreams of being discovered and becoming a beautiful and rich movie star. The offscreen narration ends as she explains that one day the dreams “just stopped.” The title Monster then appears onscreen. Wuornos’ offscreen narration is heard intermittently throughout the film. Within the story, Wuornos is called “Lee,” never Wuornos or Aileen.
       At the end of the film before the police are shown leading Lee away after her trial, a title card appears explaining that Lee and Selby never saw each other again and that Lee spent twelve years on death row. A written list of organizations and people that the producers wished to thank appears at the end of the film. Among them are Wuornos’ friend Dawn Botkins and the Seminole County Court. The following written disclaimer appears in the closing credits: "While this film is inspired by real events in the life of Aileen Wuornos, many characters are composites or inventions, and a number of incidents depicted in this film are fictional. Other than Aileen Wuornos, any similarity to any person, living or dead, is not intended and purely coincidental."
       The film eliminates the early part of Wuornos' life. According to Wuornos’ biography, Wuornos was born Aileen Pittman in Rochester, MI on 29 Feb 1956. Her teenaged parents separated months before she was born, and her father, Leo Pittman, subsequently committed suicide while serving a prison sentence for child molestation. Her mother Diane, overwhelmed by the responsibilities of single motherhood, abandoned Aileen and her older brother Keith, who were then adopted by their maternal grandparents, Lauri and Britta Wuornos. Pregnant by the age of fourteen, Aileen was sent to a home for unwed mothers to deliver the baby. After their grandmother died in 1971, the children became wards of the court, and Aileen soon dropped out of school, becoming a teenage hooker to support herself as she drifted across the country. In 1976, after a series of arrests for violations such as drunk driving, disorderly contact, assault and disturbing the peace, Aileen hitchhiked to Florida, where she embarked on a life of crime, using the aliases of Lori Grody, Susan Blahovec and Cammie Marsh Green.
       In Jun 1986, Wuornos met lesbian Tyria Moore, who in the film is called "Selby Wall," at a gay bar in Daytona. The two became lovers, and after their passion faded, they remained close friends and traveling companions. As noted in the biography, after a series of arrests for petty crimes, Wuornos was becoming increasingly belligerent, at times going out of her way to provoke confrontations. At bars and truck stops, she would thumb rides, supplementing her prostitute’s income with theft. On 13 Dec 1989, the body of Wuornos' first victim, Richard Mallory, was found, shot three times in the chest with a .22 pistol. From that date to 19 Nov 1990, the bodies of five more men were found, all victims of gunshot wounds. Several of the bodies were found naked.
       Although Wuornos was suspected of killing a seventh victim, his body was never found. Witnesses had seen two women in one of the victim’s cars, and suspect sketches were drawn from their descriptions. Over the next few weeks, four callers identified the woman as Tyria Moore and Susan or Lee Blahovec. Their movements were traced through hotel receipts. Fingerprints, eventually identified as Wuornos', placed her at one of the murder scenes. Wuornos had been pawning her victims’ possessions, and the police used the pawn receipts to track her to The Last Resort, a biker bar in Port Orange, FL, where she was arrested on outstanding warrants while police finished building the murder case against her. A day after Wuornos’ arrest, Moore was found at her sister’s home in Pennsylvania, where she agreed to help the police in return for immunity from prosecution.
       In a series of telephone calls to the then-imprisoned Wuornos, who was unaware that the police were taping them, Moore begged Wuornos to confess to spare Moore from prosecution as an accomplice. On 16 Jan 1991, Wuornos summoned detectives and confessed to six killings, all allegedly performed in self-defense. Wuornos’ trial for the murder of Richard Mallory began on 13 Jan 1992. Wuornos took the stand as the only defense witness, claiming Mallory had violently raped and beaten her. After ninety minutes of deliberation, the jury returned a guilty verdict and recommended the death sentence. Months later, an NBC television reporter discovered that Mallory had served ten years for violent rape in another state.
       On 31 Jan 1992, Wuornos was sentenced to death. On 31 Mar 1992, Wuornos pleaded no contest to three other murders, ending her testimony by turning to the prosecuting attorney and saying, “I hope your wife and children get raped…” The judge in the case gave her three additional death sentences. In Nov 1992, she received her fifth death sentence and in Feb 1993, after pleading guilty to yet another murder, received her sixth death sentence. After spending twelve years on death row, Wuornos refused to continue appealing the sentences, and on 9 Oct 2002, was executed by lethal injection. From the execution chamber Wuornos purportedly stated, “…I’m sailing with the Rock and I’ll be back like Independence Day with Jesus, June 6, like the movie, big mothership and all. I’ll be back.”
       Although not depicted in the film, Wuornos was befriended by Arlene Pralle, a forty-four-year-old “born again” Christian, who saw Wuornos’ picture in the newspaper and contacted her. Throughout 1991, Pralle appeared on talk shows and in tabloids to defend Wuornos. On 22 Nov 1991, Pralle and her husband legally adopted Wuornos, saying that “God had told her to.”
       According to a Nov 2003 Var article, Patty Jenkins, who wrote and directed Monster , obtained the rights to letters Wuornos wrote to her close friend and confidant Botkins during the twelve years she spent on death row. A Mar 2003 LAT news item added that Jenkins also corresponded with Wuornos. The Var article noted that Jenkins resisted pressure to turn the project into a “slasher film,” and instead wanted to humanize Wuornos by “focusing on the surrounding circumstances rather than the killings.” In a Dec 2003 NYT article, Jenkins said that she made the film to “tell the truth” [by finding] the space between the man-hating lesbian serial killer [trumpeted by the press stories] and the feminist hero.” In a Dec interview in LA Weekly , Jenkins explained that she created the fictionalized character of Wuornos’ friend, “Thomas" (portrayed by Bruce Dern in the film), to convey that Wuornos was more of a misanthrope than a man-hater.
       Although evidence recounted in biographical sources strongly suggests that Wuornos’ first victim raped and beat her, as dramatized in the film, the rest of Jenkins’ account of the murders was fictionalized. In the LA Weekly interview, Jenkins stated that she imagined the murders as having their own narrative arc, saying, “I wanted the first and last murder to be like bookends. In the first murder, he’s a murderer and she’s the victim. By the last murder, she’s a murderer and he’s the victim.”
       A Sep 2003 “Variety Life Supplement” in Var noted that Jenkins had to persuade the film’s financiers to hire Charlize Theron over Kate Winslet and Heather Graham. Theron, who cut her hair, gained thirty pounds and wore a prosthetic overbite to play Wuornos, put her salary into the finishing costs of the film. Although a Sep 2002 Back Stage West Drama-Logue item stated that Lion’s Gate had greenlighted the project, which was to begin shooting in Los Angeles in Oct 2002, Lion’s Gate was not involved in the production. The film was shot in Daytona Beach, Port Orange, Winter Park, Kissimmee and Orlando, FL, the actual locations in which Wuornos committed her crimes. Monster marked the first feature-length film for Jenkins and Theron’s first credit as a producer.
       Several other works have been based on the life of Wuornos. Two documentaries directed by Nick Broomfield focused on Wournos’ life: the 1992 film Aileen Wuornos: The Selling of a Serial Killer , in which Broomfield interviewed Pralle and Wuornos, and the 2004 film Aileen: Life and Death of a Serial Killer , co-directed by Joan Churchill, in which Broomfield interviewed Wuornos and Botkins. A teledrama, Overkill: The Aileen Wuornos Story , starring Jean Smart and directed by Peter Levin, was broadcast on 17 Nov 1992 on CBS. According to a Nov 16 1992 Var news item, Moore and writer Jackelyn Giroux filed a motion to stop the broadcast on the grounds that the producers never obtained permission from the principals depicted in the film. An opera entitled Wuornos , written by Carla Lucero, opened in San Francisco on 22 Jun 2001. In 2002, Sue Russell published the book Lethal Intent , dealing with Wuornos' life.
       Monster was selected as one of AFI’s top ten films of the year and Theron won the 2003 Award for Best Breakthrough Actress presented by the National Board of Review. Theron also won a Golden Globe for Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture--Drama, the Screen Actors Guild award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role, an Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead and an Academy Award for Best Actress. Jenkins won an Independent Spirit Award for Best First Feature, and the film also received a nomination for Best First Screenplay from the Independent Spirit Awards. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Back Stage West Drama-Logue   5 Sep 2002.   
Hollywood Reporter   18 Nov 2003.   
Los Angeles Times   16 Mar 2003.   
Los Angeles Times   26 Dec 2003   Calendar, p. 4.
Los Angeles Times   5 Jan 2004   Calendar, p. 1, 8.
LA Weekly   19--25 Dec 2003   pp. 32-33.
New York Times   24 Dec 2003   The Arts, p. 1, 5.
New York Times   30 Dec 2003   The Arts, p. 1, 5.
Variety   16 Nov 1992.   
Variety   Sep 2003.   
Variety   6 Nov 2003.   
Variety   17 Nov 2003.   

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