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All the President's Men
Director: Alan J. Pakula (Dir)
Release Date:   Apr 1976
Premiere Information:   New York opening: 7 Apr 1976; Los Angeles opening: 9 Apr 1976
Production Date:   spring--fall 1975 in Washington, D.C. and Burbank, CA
Duration (in mins):   136
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Cast:   Dustin Hoffman (Carl Bernstein)  
    Robert Redford (Bob Woodward)  
  Starring Jack Warden (Harry Rosenfeld)  
  Special appearance by Martin Balsam (Howard Simons)  
    Hal Holbrook (Deep Throat)  
  And Jason Robards (Ben Bradlee) as
  Guest stars Jane Alexander (Bookkeeper)  
    Meredith Baxter (Debbie Sloan)  
    Ned Beatty (Dardis)  
    Stephen Collins (Hugh Sloan)  
    Penny Fuller (Sally Aiken)  
    John McMartin (Foreign editor)  
    Robert Walden (Donald Segretti)  
  [and] Frank Wills (Frank Wills)  
  Co-starring F. Murray Abraham (Arresting Officer #1)  
  Co-starring David Arkin (Eugene Bachinski)  
  Co-starring Henry Calvert (Bernard L. Barker)  
  Co-starring Dominic Chianese (Eugenio R. Martinez)  
  Co-starring Bryan E. Clark (Arguing Attorney)  
  Co-starring Nicholas Coster (Markham)  
  Co-starring Lindsay Ann Crouse (Kay Eddy)  
  Co-starring Valerie Curtin (Miss Milland)  
  Co-starring Gene Dynarski (Court clerk)  
  Co-starring Nate Esformes (Virgilio R. Gonzales)  
  Co-starring Ron Hale (Frank Sturgis)  
  Co-starring Richard Herd (James W. McCord, Jr.)  
  Co-starring Polly Holliday (Secretary)  
  Co-starring James Karen (Lawyer for Hugh Sloan)  
  Co-starring Paul Lambert (National editor)  
  Co-starring Frank Latimore (Judge)  
  Co-starring Gene Lindsey (Alfred D. Baldwin)  
  Co-starring Anthony Mannino (Arresting Officer #2)  
  Co-starring Allyn Ann McLerie (Carolyn Abbott)  
  Co-starring James Murtaugh (Library of Congress Clerk)  
  Co-starring John O'Leary (Attorney #1)  
  Co-starring Jess Osuna (Joe, FBI Agent)  
  Co-starring Neva Patterson (CRP Woman)  
  Co-starring George Pentecost (George)  
  Co-starring Penny Peyser (Sharon Lyons)  
  Co-starring Joshua Shelley (Al Lewis)  
  Co-starring Sloane Shelton (Sister of bookeeper)  
  Co-starring Lelan Smith (Arresting Officer #3)  
  Co-starring Jaye Stewart (Male Librarian)  
  Co-starring Ralph Williams (Ray Steuben)  
  Co-starring George Wyner (Attorney #2)  
  Featuring Leroy Aarons (Financial Editor)  
  Featuring Donnlynn Bennett (Reporter)  
  Featuring Stanley Clay (Assistant Metro Editor)  
  Featuring Carol Coggin (News Aide)  
  Featuring Laurence Covington (News announcer)  
  Featuring John Devlin (Metro Editor)  
  Featuring John Furlong (News Desk Editor)  
  Featuring Sidney Ganis (L.A. Stringer)  
  Featuring Amy Grossman (Reporter)  
  Featuring Cynthia Herbst (Reporter)  
  Featuring Basil Hoffman (Assistant Metro Editor)  
  Featuring Mark Holtzman (Reporter)  
  Featuring Jamie Smith Jackson (Post Librarian)  
  Featuring Barbara Litsky (Reporter)  
  Featuring Doug Llewelyn (White House aide)  
  Featuring Jeff MacKay (Reporter)  
  Featuring Irwin Marcus (Reporter)  
  Featuring Greg Martin    
  Featuring Ron Menchine (Post Librarian)  
  Featuring Christopher Murray (Photo Aide)  
  Featuring Jess Nadelman (Assistant Metro Editor)  
  Featuring Noreen Nielson (Reporter)  
  Featuring Florence Pepper (Message Desk Receptionist)  
  Featuring Barbara Perlman (CRP Receptionist)  
  Featuring Louis Quinn (Salesman)  
  Featuring Peter Salim (Reporter)  
  Featuring Shawn Shea (News Aide)  
  Featuring Marvin Smith (Reporter)  
  Featuring Pam Trager (Reporter)  
  Featuring Carol Trost (Secretary to Ben Bradlee)  
  Featuring Richard Venture (Assistant Metro Editor)  
  Featuring Bill Willens (Hippie)  
  Featuring Wendell Wright (Assistant Metro Editor)  

Summary: In June 1972, a smiling, confident President Nixon is about to address the American people. At the Watergate building in Washington, D. C., flashlight beams are visible through the windows of an office. Security guard Frank Wills discovers a piece of masking tape covering a door latch in the garage, and calls the police to report a possible burglary. Inside an office, one of the burglars announces through a walkie-talkie, “We’re home.” On the receiving end is a man watching from an adjacent window, who warns them of “activity.” Undercover police enter the building and arrest the burglars. The next morning, Harry Rosenfeld and Howard Simons, editors at the Washington Post, briefly discuss the burglary, including the large amounts of cash, 35mm cameras and walkie-talkies found in the burglars’ possession, and the fact that they invaded the Democratic Party’s national headquarters. Reporter Carl Bernstein asks to cover the story, but it is given to Bob Woodward. Woodward attends the burglars’ arraignment and is surprised to learn that they have private council. The burglars, James W. McCord, Bernard Barker and three others, have a Mr. Starkey as their private attorney, even though they hadn’t contacted anyone since the arrest. Back at the office, Woodward, Rosenfeld and Bernstein discuss the information they’ve gathered: McCord had worked for the CIA, though the CIA denies knowledge of him. That night, a policeman calls Woodward concerning some entries found in the address books of two of the burglars, which include the names “Howard Hunt” and “WHouse.” Woodward calls the White House the next morning and asks for Hunt; he is referred to the office of Charles Colson, special council to the President. When he finally reaches Hunt, Woodward’s questions are greeted with shock and evasiveness. Woodward continues his investigation, and is ultimately given an unsolicited denial of Colson’s involvement in the Watergate burglary from the White House. Simons, realizing that the story is of national interest, believes it should be covered by a top political writer, rather than an inexperienced youngster. Rosenfeld disagrees, and partners Bernstein with Woodward. Bernstein begins his research by interviewing Karen, a former employee of Colson’s. She describes both Colson and Hunt as very secretive, but she learned that Hunt was investigating Senator Edward Kennedy on behalf of the White House, doing extensive research at the White House library. Bernstein contacts the librarian, who corroborates Karen’s story, then suddenly denies any knowledge of Hunt. Woodward calls Deputy Director of Communications Ken Clawson at the White House, who denies that the librarian spoke to Bernstein. The reporters take their investigation to the Library of Congress but find nothing. The resulting news story is lacking in hard evidence, and Executive Editor Ben Bradlee keeps it off the front page. From a phone booth, Woodward calls an anonymous man, who refuses to discuss Watergate. The next morning, Woodward finds a note from the man in his copy of The New York Times . That night, Woodward takes a series of taxis to an underground garage, where the anonymous man is waiting. Woodward promises the man that his identity will remain secret, then recounts the details of the investigation. The man advises Woodward to “follow the money.” Soon after, The New York Times uncovers evidence of the Watergate conspiracy dating back to March 1972. Bernstein travels to Miami, FL, where State Attorney Dardis has subpoenaed Bernard Barker’s telephone and money records. Dardis’s file contains several checks from a Mexican bank, and one from a Florida Bank issued to Kenneth H. Dahlberg for $25,000. Woodward contacts Dahlberg, an officer with the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP), who gave the check to CREEP finance chairman Maurice Stans, who in turn gave it to Barker. At a meeting of Washington Post editors, feelings are mixed about continuing the Watergate investigation, with Rosenfeld as the strongest advocate. One editor admits that he simply doesn’t find the story believable. At their next conference, Woodward and Bernstein inform Bradlee and Simons that the General Accounting Office (GAO) has discovered a secret fund containing hundreds of thousands of dollars among CREEP’s accounts. Woodward’s anonymous source, now referred to as “Deep Throat,” points to the money as the key to the investigation. Bradlee is losing faith in the story, but Woodward and Bernstein are undaunted. They acquire a list of CREEP employees and attempt to interview several in their homes. One woman tells them to leave before they are seen, in tears as she closes the door. The reporters continue to visit CREEP employees, but virtually all refuse to talk; Woodward and Bernstein suspect an organized cover-up. After two weeks, they still have no solid evidence. Rosenthal further discourages them with the news that the GAO report will not be released until after Nixon is re-nominated for president, and only Hunt, the five burglars, and CREEP operative G. Gordon Liddy will be indicted for the Watergate burglary. Bernstein continues his efforts to interview CREEP employees, using any excuse to get inside their houses. One woman, a CREEP bookkeeper, admits that she had long been aware of the secret fund and mentions a list of fifteen names with a dollar amount next to each. The list was destroyed, however. She won’t disclose the names of the men who control the secret fund but she will identify initials. As Woodward and Bernstein transform the bookkeeper’s comments into a story, they discover that former Attorney General and CREEP chairman John Mitchell controlled the secret fund, along with Liddy, Bart Porter, Jeb Magruder, attorney to the President Herbert Kalmbach, and one other. When the reporters visit the bookkeeper again, she indicates that they are being watched. Woodward and Bernstein next visit Hugh Sloan, who recently resigned as CREEP treasurer as an act of conscience. Sloan states that all CREEP activities are approved by the White House, and estimates the amount of the secret fund at close to $1 million. The two reporters describe John Mitchell’s criminal activities to Bradlee, Rosenfeld and Simons; Bradlee is aggravated by the fact that none of the sources can be named, but still approves the story. Bernstein calls Mitchell at home to read him the story, in case he’d like to comment on it. Mitchell responds with vulgarity and threats, and issues a statement the next day denouncing the story, but not pointedly denying it. Bernstein travels to Los Angeles, CA, to interview Donald Segretti, a young lawyer who, under the supervision of CREEP operative Dwight Chapin, sabotaged the campaigns of several Democratic presidential candidates. That night, Woodward meets with Deep Throat, who explains that the Department of Justice was well aware of the infiltration and sabotage of the Democrats. As Woodward leaves the underground garage, he suspects that he’s being followed and starts to run, though no one is behind him. Woodward learns from an FBI source that Segretti was paid from the CREEP secret fund by Chapin, who was hired by White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman, suggesting that Haldeman is the fifth man who controls the secret fund. Woodward and Bernstein visit Sloan for confirmation of Haldeman’s involvement, but rather than confirming the story, Sloan says he has “no problem” with it. Bernstein calls his source at the FBI, who confirms that “John Haldeman” controlled the fund. Woodward is not convinced, nor is Bradlee, but Bernstein gets further confirmation from a contact at the Justice Department and Bradlee runs the story. The following morning, Sloan denies implicating Haldeman, and the Nixon administration publicly denounces the Washington Post. The paper is barraged with criticism, and Bradlee is angered by his reporters’ blunder, but he stands by the story. At Woodward’s next meeting with Deep Throat, he learns that Haldeman runs the entire operation, Mitchell has the entire U. S. intelligence community involved in his covert operations, and the cover-up exists mainly to protect these covert operations. He is also told that he and Bernstein are under surveillance and their lives are in danger. Woodward heads to Bernstein’s apartment and shares this new information via typewriter to keep their conversation from being heard. They wake up Bradlee at his home and disclose what they’ve learned from Deep Throat. Bradlee states that, even though half of all Americans have no interest in the Watergate affair, the future of the nation may be riding on it. Woodward and Bernstein are soon back at their typewriters, relentlessly working on the story as Nixon is sworn in for his second term. Sometime later, the Washington Post teletype reports the convictions and sentences of the conspirators, and Nixon's resignation from office. 

Production Company: Wildwood Enterprises, Inc.  
Production Text: A Robert Redford-Alan J. Pakula film
Distribution Company: Warner Bros. (A Warner Communications Company)
Director: Alan J. Pakula (Dir)
  E. Darrell Hallenbeck (Exec prod mgr)
  Bill Green (1st asst dir)
  Art Levinson (1st asst dir)
  Charles Ziarko (2d asst dir)
  Kim Kurumada (2d asst dir)
Producer: Walter Coblenz (Prod)
  Michael Britton (Assoc prod)
  Jon Boorstin (Assoc prod)
Writer: William Goldman (Scr)
Photography: Gordon Willis (Dir of photog)
  Ralph Gerling (Cam op)
  Ray De La Motte (1st asst cam)
  Ron Vargas (2d asst cam)
  Peter Salim (2d asst cam)
  Bob Rose (Key grip)
  Carl Gibson, Jr. (Best boy)
  Frank Lambers (Crab dolly grip)
  George Holmes (Gaffer)
  Larry Howard (Best boy elec)
  Howard Bingham (Still man)
  Louis Goldman (Still man)
Art Direction: George Jenkins (Prod des)
  Bob Jillson (Asst art dir)
  J. George Szeptycki (Draftsman)
Film Editor: Robert L. Wolfe (Film ed)
  Tim O'Meara (Asst ed)
  Steve Potter (Asst ed)
Set Decoration: George Gaines (Set dec)
  Mike Higelmire (Lead man)
  Robert Krume (Const coord)
  Roger Irvin (Const foreman)
  Allan Levine (Prop master)
  Bill Mac Sems (Prop master)
  Matty Azzarone (Asst prop master)
  Guy Bushman (Asst prop master)
Costumes: Bernie Pollack (Cost supv)
  Jules Melillo (Asst cost)
  G. Perez (Asst cost)
Music: David Shire (Mus)
  Nicholas C. Washington (Mus ed)
Sound: Milton C. Burrow (Supv sd ed)
  Jim Webb (Prod sd mixer)
  Les Fresholtz (Prod sd mixer)
  Chris McLaughlin (Boom man)
  Clint Althouse (Boom man)
  Art Piantadosi (Rerec mixer)
  Les Fresholtz (Rerec mixer)
  Dick Alexander (Rerec mixer)
Special Effects: Dan Perri (Title des)
  Henry Millar (Spec eff)
Make Up: Gary Liddiard (Key makeup artist)
  Fern Buchner (Makeup artist)
  Don Cash (Makeup artist)
  Romaine Greene (Hairdresser)
  Lynda Gurasich (Hairdresser)
Production Misc: Alan Shayne (Casting)
  Isabel Halliburton (Casting consultant)
  Karen Wookey (Scr supv)
  Steve Bussard de Forest Research, Inc. (Res)
  Ken Ryan (Auditor)
  Craig Pinkard (Transportation coord)
  Eddie Baken (Transportation capt)
  Rebecca Britton (Prod coord)
  Erika Koppitz (Prod coord)
  Ronnie Kramer (Prod coord)
  Buck Holland (Prod asst)
  Eve Christopher (Prod staff)
  Phil Geyelin (Prod staff)
  Jill Gifford (Prod staff)
  Marge Leonard (Prod staff)
  John Manulis (Prod staff)
  Stuart Newman (Prod staff)
  Tammy Pittman (Prod staff)
  Liz Shea (Prod staff)
  Shirley Street (Prod staff)
  Steve Vetter (Loc mgr)
  Jack Hirshberg (Prod pub)
  Joanna Ney (Unit pub)
  Lois Smith (Pub consultant)
MPAA Rating: PG
Country: United States
Language: English

Songs: "Double Trumpet Concerto in C Major", music by Antonio Vivaldi
Composer: Antonio Vivaldi
Source Text: Based on the book All the President's Men by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward (New York, 1974).
Authors: Bob Woodward
  Carl Bernstein

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Warner Bros. Inc. & Wildwood Enterprises, Inc. 7/4/1976 dd/mm/yyyy LP46111

PCA NO: 24416
Physical Properties: Sd:
  Lenses/Prints: Lenses and Panaflex camera by Panavision®; Prints by Technicolor®

Genre: Drama
Sub-Genre: Newspaper
Subjects (Major): Conspiracy
  Richard M. Nixon
  Watergate Affair, 1972-1974
  The Washington Post (Newspaper)
Subjects (Minor): Bookkeepers
  Democratic Party
  Los Angeles (CA)
  Political campaigns
  Presidential aides
  Spiro Agnew
  United States. Central Intelligence Agency
  United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
  United States. Presidents
  United States. Vice Presidents
  Washington (D.C.)

Note: End credits include the following written statements: "The producers wish to acknowledge the cooperation of The Washington Post" ; "Filmed in Washington, D. C. and at The Burbank Studios, Burbank, California"; and "Various locations courtesy of the National Park Service."
       As reported in 29 Mar 1976 Time, actor Robert Redford first became aware of the Watergate burglary while on a promotional tour for The Candidate (1972, see entry). He soon took notice of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, and contacted them after they had implicated H. R. Haldeman in the conspiracy without corroboration, at a time when the team’s credibility was in question. Said Redford, “People who take wild shots and miss interest me.” Redford was also motivated by his personal dislike of President Richard Nixon, whom the actor had met at age thirteen when then-Senator Nixon presented Redford with a tennis trophy. A news item in Feb 1980 Los Angeles magazine mentioned a recent story in the LAT which revealed that All the President’s Men was written at Redford’s suggestion, although his name does not appear among the book’s acknowledgments. However, the item noted that Redford's involvement was mentioned in the book, Portrait of “All the President’s Men” by Jack Hirshberg.
       According to an item in the 7 Jul 1974 Parade, Redford purchased the rights to All the President’s Men with $450,000 supplied by Warner Bros. Pictures in exchange for the actor’s commitment to appear in two more films for the company. The 14 Jun 1975 Toronto Star, reported that actor Dustin Hoffman also intended to buy the rights to the book before realizing that Redford had already completed the deal.
       The 11 Apr 1975 Washington Post ran a detailed feature story on the making of the film and its impact on the newspaper. The article stated that the film was originally budgeted at $5 million, with shooting scheduled to begin 12 May 1975. William Goldman’s first draft of the screenplay was rejected, and when Redford solicited suggestions from Woodward and Bernstein, the latter submitted a screenplay co-written with Nora Ephron, which was also rejected. In the Post article, a proposed scene is described wherein Woodward and Bernstein witness one of their stories rolling off the printing press, which the Post derided. It did not appear in the final edit.
       Casting was still in progress at the time of the Post article, with several actors being considered to portray Ben Bradlee. Among them were Richard Widmark, Henry Fonda, Kirk Douglas and Gregory Peck. Under consideration for the role of publisher Katherine Graham were Patricia Neal, Alexis Smith and Dorothy McGuire. However, no portrayal of Graham appeared in the film.
       Redford and Hoffman spent several weeks in the company of Woodward and Bernstein, respectively, and also observed the workings of the Washington Post newsroom, according to the Washington Post. In the absence of Woodward and Bernstein, who were on leave to work on their second book, Redford and Hoffman continued their research with investigative reporters Seymour Hersh and Fred Barbash, respectively. Director Alan J. Pakula interviewed several Post editors and reporters as well.
       The Post denied permission to film in the newsroom, requiring a set to be built at the Warner Bros. studio lot in Burbank, CA.
       At the time of the 11 Apr 1975 Washington Post article, producer Walter Coblenz only had permission to use the names of Woodward and Bernstein; there was some doubt that many other Post staff members would grant permission to use their names. However, District of Columbia Editor Barry Sussman, whose unofficial title had been “Watergate editor,” took issue with being omitted from the script; Goldman consolidated his character with that of Harry Rosenberg. Redford stated that the finished script would be available to all involved Post staffers, who could grant or deny permission for their real names to be used. Graham and Bradlee both expressed concerns about the accuracy with which the film would portray the Post and its staff, and Bernstein remarked that he would give the finished script “a good, hard look.” Woodward, however, did not express a similar interest.
       Joyce Haber’s column in the 30 Apr 1975 LAT reported that Jason Robards had been cast as Ben Bradlee, in part because Lee Marvin was unavailable. Haber included Lauren Bacall (formerly married to Robards) as a possible candidate to be cast as Katherine Graham. According to the column, filming began in Washington, D.C., on 28 Apr 1975. However, a 22 May 1975 Washington Post story stated that the District of Columbia granted permission to film between 19 May and 14 Jun 1975. An interview with Robards in the 16 Apr 1976 LAT revealed that Robards had known Bradlee for many years and was somewhat uncomfortable with portraying him.
       An article in the 29 Jun 1975 Chicago Sun-Times included among the film’s Washington, D.C., locations the Kennedy Center, the Library of Congress, the Sans Souci Restaurant, Woodward’s former apartment in the DuPont Circle district, and the Washington Post building, including the newsroom. This report conflicts with Washington Post article, which stated that no filming would be permitted in the newsroom. A news item in 26 May 1975 Box reported that Ron Nessen, press secretary for President Gerald Ford, gave Coblenz permission to film inside the White House, beginning early Jun 1975. The article also mentioned that the production would employ three hundred extras.
       According to an article in the 3 Jul 1975 DV, the completed newsroom set occupied 33,000 square feet of space, encompassing Stages 4 and 11 of the Warner lot, at a cost of $450,000. In an interview in the Mar/Apr 1980 Theatre Crafts, George Jenkins described the process of recreating a newsroom: 167 desks were built, with one ton of scrap paper from "the Government Printing Office" used to dress them; the 22,000-square-foot Styrofoam ceiling was suspended from catwalks, and the columns were on casters, allowing them to be moved to accommodate shooting; and 200 miles of wire were employed in ballasting the fluorescent ceiling lights to reduce noise. Sets for Woodward’s apartment and Democratic headquarters were built in Burbank and shipped to Washington, D.C. Jenkins was able to acquire the original furniture for the latter from the Democratic National Committee. The White House entrance and guard house were reproduced at the Columbia Studios Ranch in Burbank, and included a fence and gate that had been used in Kisses for My President (1964, see entry). The courtroom scene was filmed in an actual Washington, D.C., courtroom. According to the 15 Jun 1975 Washington Star, the sets for Democratic headquarters, Woodward’s apartment and Larry O’Brien’s office were assembled in a Gaithersburg, MD, warehouse.
       A feature article in the 14 Jun 1975 Toronto Star described an incident during filming at the Sans Souci Restaurant. A scene that involved Robards, Hoffman and Redford was interrupted when an overhead light fell onto the table at which they were seated; the fixture glanced off Redford’s head and right shoulder, but he was uninjured. Pakula was upset to the point of nausea and retired to his trailer for an hour. Bernstein commented, “Movies sure are dramatic. Nothing like that ever happened to us.” Coblenz rented the Sans Souci for $5,000 and flew the maitre d’ in from a European vacation for the day’s filming.
       According to the 3 Jul 1975 DV, filming was scheduled to conclude sometime in Sep 1975. A 6 Oct 1975 Box news item announced that filming had been completed in ninety-six days of shooting, though it did not give the exact date of completion.
       In 22 Oct 1975 DV, it was reported that the National Association of Theatre Owners (NATO), took issue with Warner Bros. for soliciting “blind bids” from exhibitors without making any part of All the President’s Men available for viewing. Redford did a presentation at the 1976 NATO convention in New Orleans with a five-minute clip from the film, but this was an exception. NATO held the view that a distributor could not solicit blind bids if any kind of presentation was made to some theater owners but not others. NATO planned to discuss the situation with Warner Bros.
       After receiving an initial 'R' rating, All the President’s Men was re-rated 'PG' by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), despite the presence of objectionable language throughout the film. According to a 3 Mar 1976 Var article, MPAA’s Jack Valenti stated that the film would have received a “G” rating, had it not been for “the language factor.” A related article from DV on the same date suggested that the film's PG rating might make it harder for the MPAA "to defend tougher ratings for [future] films" based on "language content alone."
       The film premiered 4 Apr 1976 at the Eisenhower Theatre of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, according to the 8 Mar 1976 Box. Woodward, Bernstein, Hoffman and Redford were set to attend. The premier committee included several famous journalists, such as Art Buchwald, Mary McGrory, Sarah McClendon, Jack Anderson, David Brinkley, and Eric Sevareid.
       According to the 6 Oct 1976 HR, Warner Bros. booked All the President’s Men in six hundred theaters throughout the United States in the two weeks prior to the 2 Nov 1976 presidential election. A company official insisted that this was not intended to influence the election’s outcome.
       An article in the 27 Jan 1977 DV reported that the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) would allow All the President’s Men to compete for a Golden Globe award, even though Warner Bros. had mistakenly advertised the film as a “Golden Globe winner” in an advertisement in the 24 Jan 1977 DV.
       Reviews were mostly positive, though some criticized the lack of character development for Woodward and Bernstein. Hoffman addressed this aspect in production notes from AMPAS, stating that development of the characters would have been a distraction from the storyline. One of the most negative reviews appeared in the 26 Apr 1976 New West, which argued that the film missed an opportunity to explain the implications of the Watergate scandal, and the pathology that drove the conspirators. However, the 29 Mar 1976 Time reported that Woodward and Bernstein were pleased with the film.
       All the President's Men was ranked 77th on AFI's 2007 100 Years…100 Movies—10th Anniversary Edition list of the greatest American films. It won four Academy Awards: Supporting Actor (Jason Robards); Art Direction (George Jenkins); Sound (Arthur Piantadosi, Les Fresholtz, Dick Alexander and Jim Webb); and Screenplay based on material from another source (William Goldman). It was also nominated for Supporting Actress (Jane Alexander), Director (Alan J. Pakula), Film Editing (Robert L. Wolfe), and Best Picture. The film also received four Golden Globe award nominations in the following categories: Best Director; Best Motion Picture; Best Supporting Actor (Jason Robards); and Best Screenplay.
       Frank Wills, the security guard who first alerted police to the Watergate burglary, portrayed himself in the film, as reported in the 15 May 1975 Var.
       Deep Throat's identity, William Mark Felt, Sr., former FBI Deputy Director, was confirmed on 31 May 2005, and front-page articles in the LAT, NYT and The Washington Post reported the story 1 Jun 2005. Felt, Sr., died 18 Dec 2008, per various obituaries. He was the first name mentioned as the possible identity of Deep Throat in a 1976 press release from production files at the AMPAS library. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
American Cinematographer   Jun 1976   pp. 774-75.
Box Office   26 May 1975   
Box Office   6 Oct 1975.   
Box Office   8 Mar 1976.   
Chicago Sun-Times   29 Jun 1975.   
Daily Variety   3 Jul 1975.   
Daily Variety   22 Oct 1975.   
Daily Variety   3 Mar 1976.   
Daily Variety   27 Jan 1977.   
Filmfacts   1976   pp. 49-54.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Mar 1976   p. 17.
Hollywood Reporter   6 Oct 1976.   
Los Angeles Magazine   Feb 1980.   
Los Angeles Times   30 Apr 1975.   
Los Angeles Times   16 Apr 1976.   
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   7 Apr 1976   p. 86.
The New Republic   24 Apr 1976   pp. 16-17.
New York Times   8 Apr 1976   p. 42.
New York Times   11 Apr 1976   Section II, p. 1.
New York Times   12 Apr 1976   p. 36.
New York Times   23 May 1976   Section II, p. 17.
New York Times   21 Nov 1976   Section II, p. 13.
New York Times   1 Jun 2005   p. 1.
New Yorker   12 Apr 1976   p. 114.
Newsweek   5 Apr 1976   p. 85.
New West   26 Apr 1976.   
Parade   7 Jul 1974.   
Rolling Stone   8 Apr 1976   pp. 52-58.
Saturday Review   1 May 1976   p. 41.
Theatre Crafts   Mar/Apr 1980   p. 23, 62.
Time   29 Mar 1976   pp. 54-58.
Toronto Star   14 Jun 1975.   
Variety   15 May 1975.   
Variety   3 Mar 1976.   
Variety   31 Mar 1976   p. 15.
The Village Voice   12 Apr 1976   pp. 10-11, 131.
The Washington Post   11 Apr 1975   Section B, p. 1, 6.
The Washington Post   22 May 1975   Section B, p. 2.
The Washington Post   1 Jun 2005   p. 1.
Washington Star   15 Jun 1975   Section C, pp. 1-2.

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