AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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Requiem for a Dream
Director: Darren Aronofsky (Dir)
Release Date:   3 Nov 2000
Premiere Information:   New York opening: 6 Oct 2000; Los Angeles opening: 20 Oct 2000
Production Date:   1999
Duration (in mins):   102
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Cast:   Ellen Burstyn (Sara Goldfarb)  
    Jared Leto (Harry Goldfarb)  
    Jennifer Connelly (Marion Silver)  
    Marlon Wayans (Tyrone C. Love)  
    Christopher McDonald (Tappy Tibbons)  
    Louise Lasser (Ada)  
    Marcia Jean Kurtz (Rae)  
    Janet Sarno (Mrs. Pearlman)  
    Suzanne Shepherd (Mrs. Scarlini)  
    Joanne Gordon (Mrs. Ovadia)  
    Charlotte Aronofsky (Mrs. Miles)  
    Mark Margolis (Mr. Rabinowitz)  
    Mike Kaycheck (Donut cop)  
    Jack O'Connell (Corn dog stand boss)  
    Chas Mastin (Lyle Russel)  
    Ajay Naidu (Mailman)  
    Sean Gullette (Arnold the shrink)  
    Samia Shoaib (Nurse Mall)  
    Peter Maloney (Dr. Pill)  
    Abraham Abraham (King Neptune)  
    Aliya Campbell (Alice)  
    Te'ron A. O'Neal (Young Tyrone)  
    Denise Dowse (Tyrone's mother)  
    Bryan Chattoo (Brody)  
    Eddie De Harp (Brody's henchman Victor)  
    Scott Franklin (Voice of jailer)  
    Peter Howard (Sal the Geep)  
    Brian Costello (First AD)  
    Abraham Aronofsky (Newspaper man on train)  
    James Chinlund (Space oddity)  
    Olga Merediz (Malin & Block secretary)  
    Allison Furman (Malin & Block office woman)  
    Robert Dylan Cohen (Paramedic Greenhill)  
    Ben Shenkman (Dr. Spencer)  
    Keith David (Big Tim)  
    Dylan Baker (Southern doctor)  
    Shaun O'Hagen (Ward attendant Seto)  
    Leland Gantt (Ward attendant Penn)  
    Bill Buell (Court doctor)  
    Jimmie Ray Weeks (Prison guard)  
    Greg Bello (E.R. doctor)  
    Henry Stram (ECT technician)  
  Big Tim Party Girls: Heather Litteer    
    Jenny Decker    
    Ami Goodheart    
    Nina Zavarin    
    Stanley B. Herman (Uncle Hank)  
  Party Animals: Scott Bader    
    Jim Centofanti    
    Scott Chait    
    Daniel Clarin    
    Ben Cohen    
    Eric Cohen    
    Brett Feinstein    
    Ricky Fier    
    John Getz    
    Andrew Kessler    
    Ross Lombardo    
    Carter Mansbach    
    Scott Miller    
    Todd Miller    
    Joshua Pollack    
    Craig Rallo    
    Geordan Reisner    
    Keith Scandore    
    David Seltzer    
    Chris Varvaro    
    Ricardo Viñas    
    Chad Weiner    
    Jesse Weissberger    
    Greg Weissman    
    Hubert Selby Jr. (Laughing guard)  
    Liana Pai (Angelic nurse)  

Summary: Aging widow Sara Goldfarb lives alone in a high-rise apartment building in the Brighton Beach neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. One summer day her only child Harry, an aimless young man, visits her, steals her television set and pawns it to buy drugs. After Harry and his friend, Tyrone C. Love, "get high" on the drugs, they wander through the Coney Island amusement park, making plans to deal large quantities of heroin and use the profits to retire. In the days that follow, Sara buys back the television set, as she has done many times before, from pawnshop owner Mr. Rabinowitz, who suggests that Sara ask the police for help with her son. Sara refuses, explaining that Harry is all that she has. Back at home, while she watches her favorite game show "Tappy Tibbon's Month of Fury," Sara is offered a chance to appear on a television show by a phone solicitor. Longing for the days when her family was together, she immediately imagines herself on stage in the slim-fitting red dress she wore to Harry's high school graduation. When Sara discovers she is too plump to fit into the dress, her friend helps her start a strict diet and Sara becomes obsessed with all the foods that she is now forbidden to eat. Meanwhile, Harry and his girl friend, Marion Silver, discuss their future. Marion, who feels abandoned by her wealthy family, receives support and encouragement from Harry to open her own clothing design business. Days later, Sara is chatting with her older female friends on the sidewalk outside the high-rise, when the mailman delivers the television appearance application package. All of the women then excitedly help Sara fill out the application. Later at Tyrone's apartment, after he and Harry inject heroin, Harry fantasizes that he is walking alone to the end of a pier toward Marion, who turns to him smiling, filling him with joy. At the high-rise, Sara watches the game show, which promises to transform her life, if she would decide to remove red meat and refined sugar from her diet. When Sara's cravings become overwhelming, she gets a diet pill prescription from an unscrupulous physician and returns home, scoffing at the refrigerator, the symbol of her cravings. The pills make her frenetic, and as she cleans and rearranges her entire household, she begins to fidget and sweat profusely. Uptown one evening, Marion sees Arnold, her psychiatrist, to satisfy her parents' demands. On the street, Harry and Tyrone sell the heroin and use part of the huge profits to finance Marion's clothing business. Harry, happy that he might finally be on his way to a satisfying life, visits his mother and apologizes for his past behavior. At her apartment, he notices that Sara is gaunt and grinding her teeth, and asks if she is on drugs. Sara admits to taking diet pills, but, claiming that she has no reason to live without a husband or son to look after, refuses to give up the one thing that makes her feel good and helps her lose weight. Harry begs her to quit, knowing from experience how drugs can destroy her life, but she demurs. Late one night, while Tyrone is meeting some drug dealers to discuss increasing his job responsibilities, gun fire is exchanged and Tyrone is caught by the police. Harry bails Tyrone out of jail and reports that most of their money has been lost because of a drug war between Italians and Blacks. Drugs are in short supply and very expensive. The following fall, Marion and Harry, having become increasingly addicted to heroin, isolate themselves in Marion's apartment. They bicker over the last of their drug supply and at Harry's request, Marion has sex with Arnold to earn money for drugs. The betrayal ruins her relationship with Harry and emotionally devastates them. When a drug shipment finally arrives in town, Tyrone and Harry wait in line with hundreds of others at a convenience store loading dock. As the anxious crowd pushes towards the dealers, someone fires a shot and Harry returns to Marion without drugs. Frustrated by Marion's insatiable need for drugs, Harry gives her the telephone number of a pimp named Big Tim, who will provide heroin in exchange for her prostituting herself. Meanwhile, the effect of the diet pills is dwindling for Sara and she increases her dosage, causing her to hallucinate that she is actually on the game show. In her mind, the show's host appears in her apartment with the glamorous television version of Sara and they criticize and laugh at the real Sara along with the television audience. Suddenly the walls break apart, revealing that her entire apartment is a television set. Everyone then parades around her reclining chair, chanting "feed me Sara, feed me Sara." Sara, disheveled and unkept, flees the apartment and takes the subway to Malin and Block, the company that promised her a television appearance. There, she demands to know why they have not called her. The office personnel, certain that Sara is mentally ill, call the police, who take her to a psychiatric ward. Spurred by the possibility of obtaining drugs in Florida, Tyrone and Harry drive south, but when Harry begins to writhe in pain from an infection in his arm caused by injecting drugs, Tyrone takes him to a hospital and both are jailed for possession. In New York, Marion, desperate for heroin, prostitutes herself to Big Tim and returns to her apartment, numb and vomiting. She receives a call from Harry, who tearfully apologizes. When she blankly asks him to come home, he agrees, although they both know it is impossible to renew their relationship. In the psychiatric ward, Sara, completely incapable of communicating, fails to respond to the hospital attendants' attempts to force-feed her, and so the doctor orders electric shock treatment. Marion, emotionally dead from the drugs and her loss, returns to Big Tim, who pimps Marion and another girl to a group of businessmen, who viciously encourage the young women's depravity. She returns home, cradling the package of drugs she received in her arms. Somewhere in the South, Tyrone serves his time in jail doing grueling day labor and lulling himself to sleep each night with images of his mother's comfort. Harry is finally taken to a hospital by prison authorities and his arm is amputated. When he wakes up from his surgery, he hallucinates that he is running toward Marion, who is standing at the end of the pier, but she disappears before he can reach the end. As he backs up, he plummets from the top of the building seen in his dream. On her bed in the ward, Sara lies brain dead from the treatments and falls asleep smiling, her head filled with fantasies of Harry and her husband together with her on television.  

Production Company: Artisan Entertainment  
  Thousand Words  
  Sibling/Protozoa Productions  
  Industry and Bandeira Entertainment  
Production Text: A Film by Darren Aronofsky
Distribution Company: Artisan Entertainment  
Director: Darren Aronofsky (Dir)
  Timothy Bird (1st asst dir)
  Chip Signore (2d asst dir)
  Lucia Burns (2d 2d asst dir)
Producer: Eric Watson (Prod)
  Palmer West (Prod)
  Nick Wechsler (Exec prod)
  Beau Flynn (Exec prod)
  Stefan Simchowitz (Exec prod)
  Ben Barenholtz (Co-exec prod)
  Ann Ruark (Line prod)
  Randy Simon (Co-prod)
  Jonah Smith (Co-prod)
  Scott Vogel (Co-prod)
  Scott Franklin (Co-prod)
Writer: Hubert Selby Jr. (Scr)
  Darren Aronofsky (Scr)
  Darren Aronofsky (Tappy Tibbons created by)
  Eddie De Harp ("Month of Fury" created by )
  Darren Aronofsky ("Month of Fury" created by)
Photography: Matthew Libatique (Dir of photog)
  Richard Rutowski (Cam op)
  Jim Bartolomeo (1st asst cam)
  Jennifer Koestler (2d asst cam)
  Alisa Colley (Film loader)
  Justin Francis (Dir of photog apprentice)
  John Baer (Stills photog)
  Jimi Ferrera (Addl 1st asst cam)
  Mark Schmidt (Addl 1st asst cam)
  Jesse Harris (Addl 2d asst cam)
  Marilou Vetter (Addl 2d asst cam)
  Melissa Soltis (Addl cam loader)
  Jason Marder (Addl cam loader)
  Neil Orlowski (Addl cam loader)
  Dana Altomare (B cam op)
  Michael Dana (B cam op)
  Will Arnot (Steadicam op)
  Sandy Hays (Steadicam op)
  Jeb Byers (Steadicam 1st asst cam)
  Francis Schmidt (Milo tech)
  Sam Nicolary (Milo tech)
  Jim Ryder (Milo op)
  John Clemens (Milo asst cam)
  Piper Ferguson (Still photog for artwork by)
  T. W. Li (Video eng, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Mike Dana (Video cam op, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Richard Rutowski (Video cam op, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Alicia Weber (Video cam op, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Philip Testa (Gaffer)
  Andy Niceberg (Best boy elec)
  Jon Delgado (Genny op)
  Chris Zizzo (Genny op)
  John Gilgar (Dimmer board)
  Nicole Braitt (Company elec)
  Sam Friedman (Company elec)
  Eric Kutner (Company elec)
  Jason Micallef (Company elec)
  Joel Tishcoff (Company elec)
  David Tumblety (Company elec)
  Jeffrey Eplett (Addl gaffer)
  Dave Anderson (Addl best boy elec)
  Fancesca 'Max' Corbacho (Addl company elec)
  Liam Halligan (Addl company elec)
  Augusta Hopkins (Addl company elec)
  Kelly Rutowski (Addl company elec)
  Gary Martone (Key grip)
  Pedro Hernández (Best boy grip)
  Talley Ware Morse (Dolly grip)
  Christopher Beattie (Company grips)
  Sean O'Brien (Company grip)
  Franz Yeich (Company grip)
  Joe Trammell (24-Frame video consultant)
  Dennis Green (24-Frame video op)
  Darren Ryan (24-Frame stand-by video op)
  Ernest McKinney (Dailies projectionist)
Art Direction: James Chinlund (Prod des)
  Judy Rhee (Art dir)
  Shelley Rich (Art dept coord)
  Benjamin Conable (Art dept/graphics asst)
  Joni Adams (Art dept intern)
Film Editor: Jay Rabinowitz (Ed)
  Oren Sarch (Ed, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Catherine Rankin (Negative cutter)
  Perri Pivovar (Asst ed)
  Sharon Santillo (Asst ed, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Tracy Teicher (Asst ed, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Byron Wong (Apprentice ed)
  Matt Mayer (Assoc ed)
  George Robbins (Addl television ed)
Set Decoration: Ondine Karady (Set dec)
  Robin Koenig (Leadman)
  Roman Greller (Set dresser)
  Paul Roer (Set dresser)
  Jeff Butcher (On set dresser)
  Greg Sullivan (Charge scenic artist)
  Steven Shellooe (Cam scenic)
  Connie Schlier (Scenic foreman)
  Ann Marie Auricchio (Scenic artist)
  Karla Bailey (Scenic artist)
  Jay Hendrickx (Scenic artist)
  Jennifer Shoeyink (Scenic artist)
  Rise Abramson (Addl scenics)
  Michele Corn (Addl scenics)
  Sylke Jackson (Addl scenics)
  Richard Lamb (Addl scenics)
  Darius Manaro (Addl scenics)
  Victor Morales (Addl scenics)
  Steve Ricketts (Addl scenics)
  Paul Robotti (Addl scenics)
  Roman Turovsky (Addl scenics)
  Elmon Webb (Addl scenics)
  Tomothy Oravetz (Prop master)
  Akeo Ihara (Asst prop master)
  Peter Wight (Props)
  Alison Froling (Props)
  Byron Lovelace (Props)
  Rick Washburn (Armorer)
  Martin Bernstein (Const coord)
  Tim Main (Key craftsman)
  Mark Main (Shop craftsman)
  Arne Olsen (Key const grip)
  Ralph Fratianni (2d const grip)
  Richard Suffern (Const grip)
  Gary Seely (Const grip)
  Frances Catalano (Const grip)
  Myron Odegaard (Shop elec)
  David Kain (Stage mgr)
  Arne Olsen Jr. (Addl const grip)
Costumes: Laura Jean Shannon (Cost des)
  Marie Abma (Asst cost des)
  Donna Maloney (Ward supv)
  Pamela Kezal (Ward supv)
  Kevin Brainerd (Cost asst)
  Shannon Rodriguez (Ward intern)
  Nike Silberstein (Ward intern)
  Rachel Haas (Ward intern)
  Mark Burchard (Addl ward supv)
  Mary Carlton (Addl asst ward)
  Carolyn Griffell (Red dresses des)
  Kristen Couchet (Asst cost des)
  Lazaro (Tyrone's orig jewelery des)
Music: Clint Marshall (Orig score)
  Kronos Quartet (with string quartets performed by)
  David Harrington (Kronos Quartet member)
  John Sherba (Kronos Quartet member)
  Hank Dutt (Kronos Quartet member)
  Jennifer Culp (Kronos Quartet member)
  Judith Sherman (Mus prod)
  David Lang (Arr)
  Dann Michael Thompson (Mus rec eng/Mus mixed by)
  Leslie Ann Jones (Mus mixed by)
  Andre J. H. Zweers (Mus rec asst)
  Bob Levy (Mus rec asst)
  Brandon Procter (Mus rec asst)
Sound: Brian Emrich (Sd des)
  Nelson Ferreira (Supv sd ed/ADR ed)
  Ken Ishii (Sd mixer)
  Jeff Pullman (Stand-by sd mixer)
  Karl G. E. Wasserman (Boom op)
  Sound Dogs Toronto (Sd ed and des )
  Craig Henighan (Sd eff des and ed)
  Stephen Barden (Dial ed/Mus ed)
  Jill Purdy (Dial ed)
  Jay Rabinowitz (Mus ed)
  Matt Mayer (Mus ed)
  Lee De Lang (Asst sd ed)
  Stephen Roque (Asst sd ed)
  Rose Gregoris (Asst sd ed)
  Jason Caplan (ADR rec)
  Bob Lacivita (ADR rec)
  Adrian Gauslin (ADR rec)
  John Naslen (ADR rec)
  Laurie Regan (ADR rec)
  Tom Johnson (Re-rec mixer)
  Tony Sereno (Re-rec mixer)
  Skywalker Sound, a division of Lucas Digital Ltd. (Post prod re-rec and scoring services provided by)
  Steve Bain (Foley artist)
  Gina Gyles (Foley asst)
  Anna Malkin (Foley asst)
  Rebecca Wright (Foley asst)
  Ron Mellegers (Foley mixer)
  Tim O'Connell (Foley mixer)
  Andrew Tay (Foley mixer)
  Peter Kelly (Foley mixer)
  Brad Zoem (Foley mixer)
  Chris Barnett (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Christopher Barron (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Christian Boatsman (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Tim Burby (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  John Countryman (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Jonathan Greber (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  David Hunter (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Sean Landeros (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Mark Lidow (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Brandon Procter (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Ronald G. Roumas (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  John Taylor (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  John Torrijos (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Christian Von Burkleo (Skywalker sd tech staff)
  Dave Barraza (Dolby sd consultant)
  Tom Luekens (Digital ed)
  Aaron Reiff (Tech eng)
Special Effects: Amoeba Proteus (Digital eff/Graphics, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Jeremy Dawson (Visual eff des and supv)
  Dan Schrecker (Visual eff des and supv)
  Drew Jiritano (Spec eff coord)
  John Stifanich (Spec eff leadman)
  Mark Bero (Spec eff asst)
  Andrew Mortelliti (Spec eff asst)
  Eddie Reyes (Eff dubbing, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Gino Russo (Eff dubbing, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Film East (Digital scanning rec and compositing)
  Walter Hart (Eff prod, Film East)
  Francis Schmidt (Digital supv, Film East)
  Jim Ryder (Compositor)
  Eric 'Squirrel' Person (Compositor)
  George Robbins (Compositor)
  Irka Seng (Coord asst)
  Amoeba Proteus (Graphics, Tappy Tibbons Show)
Make Up: Judy Chin (Key makeup)
  Marjorie Durand (Asst makeup)
  Mia Thoen (Addl asst makeup)
  Quentin Harris (Key hair)
  Charles McKenna (Asst hair)
  Brian Sheratt (Addl hair stylist)
  Paul Le Blanc (Hair des for Ms. Burstyn)
  Paul Huntley (Sara Goldfarb's wigs by)
  Vincent J. Guastini (Spec makeup and prosthetic eff)
  Louie Zakarian (Key artist and makeup eff coord)
  Joe Macchia (Chief lab tech)
  Mike Marino (Addl sculptor and artist)
  Vincent T. Schicchi (Fabricator)
Production Misc: Mary Vernieu (Casting)
  Anne McCarthy (Casting)
  Ann Goulder (Casting)
  Django Martel (Refrigerator puppeteer)
  Lori Keith Douglas (Unit prod mgr)
  Robert Smyth (Key set pa)
  Jennifer Getzinger (Scr supv)
  Chris Collins (Prod coord)
  Becky Glupczynski (Asst prod coord)
  Brian Costello (Asst to dir)
  Jonathan Mall (Asst to prod)
  Debra Degnan (Prod secy)
  Marco Ajello (Prod asst)
  Ellen Burke (Prod asst)
  Amy Bullock (Prod asst)
  Mike Espinoza (Prod asst)
  Thomas "Redd" Laws (Prod asst)
  Jonathan McGrath (Prod asst)
  David Mendoza (Prod asst)
  Matt Ruskin (Prod asst)
  Roodly St. Eloi (Prod asst)
  Hughroy Williams (Prod asst)
  Mikhael Antone (Intern)
  Marina Bery (Intern)
  Isabel Custer (Intern)
  Kim Ferraro (Intern)
  Joy Hart (Intern)
  Steve Knapp (Intern)
  Chrissy Norton (Intern)
  Jackie Rosen (Intern)
  Mike Nickodem (Loc mgr)
  Nicole Klett (Asst loc mgr)
  Joseph Stephans (Asst loc mgr)
  Laurent Lavollay-Porter (Loc asst)
  Andrew Saxe (Loc scout)
  Jon Zeidman (Loc scout)
  Pat Sones (Loc scout)
  Natalie Arango (Loc intern)
  Adam Toht (Storyboard artist)
  Freddy Luis (Casting assoc)
  Jennifer Lindesmith (Casting assoc)
  Alex Newman (Casting asst)
  Lori Eastside (Extras casting)
  Sharon Blythe (Extras casting asst)
  Charlotte Fleck (Dialect coach)
  Eliza Jimenez (Designer consultant)
  Marcus Lambkin (DJ adv)
  Dr. Alan Lipp (Medical adv)
  Dr. Daniel Silvershein (Medical adv)
  Dr. Howard B. Simon (Medical adv)
  Mike Kaycheck (Police adv)
  Stacy Hope Herman (Mgr, Tappy Tibbons Show)
  Photo Researchers, Inc. (Science stock photog courtesy of)
  Rebecca A. Miller (Product placement/Clearance coord)
  Lora Zuckerman (Video clearances)
  Michael Bederman (Prod accountant)
  Nick Goldfarb (Asst prod accountant)
  Jose Tejada (Parking coord)
  Juan Carlos Cabreja (Parking prod asst)
  Coast To Coast Catering (Catering)
  Alan Aguilar (Chef)
  Timothy Shea (1st asst)
  Rob Underberg (2d asst)
  Desmond Harvey (Craft service)
  Kenny Gaskins (Transportation capt)
  Michael C. Easter (Transportation co-capt)
  Henry Boyle (Driver)
  Robert Buckman (Driver)
  Thomas Coleman (Driver)
  William Gore (Driver)
  Charles Hoffman (Driver)
  Paul Kane (Driver)
  Joseph Paprota (Driver)
  Kevin Smith (Driver)
  Paul Weiner (Driver)
  Danny Young Jr. (Driver)
  Douglas Wilinson (Post prod supv)
  Jonathan Mall (Post prod coord)
  Dr. Roman Ostrowski (Prod doc)
  Karen Samfilippo (Public ralations for Protozoa)
  Mary Litkovich (Publicity, MPRM Public Relations)
  Nathan Nazario (Publicity, MPRM Public Relations)
Stand In: Pete Bucossi (Stunt coord)
  Jay Boryea (Stunts)
  Jay Carrado (Stunts)
  Touche Cornel (Stunts)
  Brian Donahaue (Stunts)
  Norman Douglass (Stunts)
  Roy Farfel (Stunts)
  Frank Ferrara (Stunts)
  Herb Kerr (Stunts)
  David Lomax (Stunts)
  Mick O'Rourke (Stunts)
  Mike Russo (Stunts)
  Derrick Simmons (Stunts)
  Bruce Smolanoff (Stunts)
  Jeff Ward (Stunts)
  Chuck Zito (Stunts)
Color Personnel: Cathy Rait (Col timer)
Country: United States
Language: English

Music:
Songs:
Source Text: Based on the novella Requiem for a Dream by Hubert Selby, Jr. (New York, 1978).
Authors: Hubert Selby Jr.

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Requiem for a Dream, LLC 2000 0/0/2000 dd/mm/yyyy  

Physical Properties: col: DeLuxe Toronto col prints
  Sd: Dolby Digital in selected theatres
  Lenses/Prints: Panavision Cameras and Lenses
  gauge: 35mm

 
Genre: Drama
Sub-Genre: Psychological
 
Subjects (Major): Betrayal
  Drug addicts
  Loneliness
  Insanity
  Mothers and sons
  New York City--Brooklyn
 
Subjects (Minor): Amputation
  Amphetamines
  Apartment buildings
  Clothing industry
  Diets and dieting
  Drug dealers
  Electric shock therapy
  Hallucinations
  Heroin
  Hospitals
  Love
  New York City--Coney Island
  Pawnbrokers
  Prison life
  Prostitution
  Psychiatrists
  Shootings
  Telephone solicitation
  Television personalities
  Television programs

Note: In the opening credits for Requiem for a Dream , short scenes of a television game show called "Tappy Tibbon's Month of Fury" are seen. Time lapse sequencing, split screen editing and a technique Aronofsky refers to as "hip hop" editing, make the narrative cut rapidly back and forth between scenes. For the purpose of clarity, the summary above describes each scene completely before describing the next. A 23 Nov 1979 Var article states that Edgar J. Scherick and Associates were developing a film version of Requiem for a Dream , with plans for British director Alan Clarke to direct, however, it was not produced.
       According to the film's presskit, the film's director, Darren Aronofsky was born and raised in the Brighton Beach neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York and, as a freshmen in college,was inspired by author Hubert Selby Jr.'s writing. Aronofsky's mother, Charlotte Aronofsky, and his father, Abraham Aronofsky, both play small parts in the film. The film was shot on location at Coney Island and Brooklyn, New York. The scenes of the American South were also shot in New York. As noted in the onscreen credits, the film was developed with the financial assistance of the Sundance Institute.
       A 22 Aug 2000 DV article states that the film was given an NC-17 rating by the MPAA, but Artisan attempted to appeal the decision. By October 2000, Artisan released the film without a rating, however, according to a 4 Oct 2000 LAT article, several New York theaters insisted on giving the film an NC-17 rating for sexual content. A HR article of the same date states that Artisan agreed to make a print of the film adding that no one under 17 would be permitted admission to the film, however, the print viewed did not have the warning.
       The film was selected by AFI as one of the top ten films of 2000. Ellen Burstyn received the 2001 IFP/West Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead for her performance and Matthew Libatique received the organization's Best Cinematographer award. Burstyn was also nominated for a Best Actress Academy Award and a Best Actress Golden Globe award.  

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Daily Variety   19 Mar 1999.   
Daily Variety   17 May 2000.   
Daily Variety   22 Aug 2000.   
Entertainment Weekly   13 Oct 2000   pp. 49-50.
Entertainment Weekly   3 Nov 2000.   
Entertainment Weekly   22-29 Dec 2000.   
Hollywood Reporter   16 May 2000   p. 12, 119.
Hollywood Reporter   4 Oct 2000.   
Los Angeles Times   4 Oct 2000.   
Los Angeles Times   20 Oct 2000.   
New York Times   6 Oct 2000.   
New Yorker   9 Oct 2000.   
People   6 Nov 2000.   
Screen International   1 Sep 2000.   
Time   16 Oct 2000.   
US Weekly   23 Oct 2000.   
Variety   23 Nov 1979.   
Variety   22 May 2000.   

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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