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The Gun That Won the West
Director: William Castle (Dir)
Release Date:   Sep 1955
Production Date:   8 Oct--15 Oct 1954
Duration (in mins):   69 or 71
Duration (in feet):   6,273
Duration (in reels):   8
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Cast:   Dennis Morgan (Jim Bridger)  
    Paula Raymond (Maxine Gaines)  
    Richard Denning (Jack Gaines)  
    Chris O'Brien (Sgt. Timothy Carnahan)  
    Robert Bice (Chief Red Cloud)  
    Michael Morgan (Afraid of Horses)  
    Roy Gordon (Col. Henry Carrington)  
    Howard Wright (Gen. John Pope)  
    Dick Cutting (Edwin McMasters Stanton)  
    Howard Negley (Gen. Carveth)  
    Kenneth MacDonald (Col. E. M. Still)  

Summary: When Dakota Jack Gaines's Wild West Extravaganza comes to Washington, D.C., Jack's friend, Jim Bridger, with whom he served as a scout for Col. Henry Carrington in the 18th Cavalry, goes on in a wig dressed like Jack because Jack, as frequently happens, has gotten drunk, to the dismay of his wife Maxine. Gen. Carveth and Col. E. M. Still come backstage to speak with Jack, and Max encourages Jim to continue to pose as Jack. The Army officers relate that Carrington, under orders to erect a chain of forts along the Bozeman Trail in Wyoming, has asked the department to contract Jack and Jim to him because of their friendly dealings with Sioux chief Red Cloud. The railroad plans to go into Wyoming the next year and needs forts to protect the construction crews. Jim is skeptical about getting a new treaty with Red Cloud, but Max hopes this is just what Jack needs to put him on his feet again. Jim agrees to see Secretary of War Edwin McMasters Stanton, who tells him that the Springfield Rifle, which can be loaded and fired fifty times in three minutes, will soon be manufactured in quantity. Although he worries that Red Cloud may attack before the rifles are sent, Jim agrees to get the forts built. On the way to Fort Laramie, Jack sulks, angry that Max has sold the show out from under him and accuses Jim of trying to make his reputation by taking on the Sioux and Cheyenne, who together number 8,000. When a war party led by Red Cloud's right-hand man, Afraid of Horses, sees Jim, Jack, Max and Sgt. Timothy Carnahan approach, they attack. Jim shoots Afraid of Horses and the others leave, but he prevents Jack from killing him, so that Red Cloud will understand that they do not want war. At Fort Laramie, Jim and Jack learn from Carrington that Red Cloud, who previously has refused to talk, will arrive the next day. Upset that work on the forts will begin before the rifles arrive, Jack refuses to meet with Red Cloud and drunkenly tries to scare him with talk about the new rifles. Red Cloud now realizes he must attack before the guns arrive. The colonel angrily places Jack under arrest and orders him to stay at the fort. Max decides to leave her husband and help with the expedition, as she believes he no longer loves her. Meanwhile, Red Cloud meets with other Sioux chiefs and relates that under the proposed peace treaty, lands previously belonging to the Sioux will be taken away; in exchange, he says, the whites claim that the "Iron Horse" will bring "new learning and days of plenty." He challenges his people to remain a nation on their own land, and they agree to join the Cheyenne to drive the white man off their land. As the expedition nears Sioux land, Jim and his scouting party see hundreds of Indians approach, so they take to the rocks, where they battle until Carrington leads his troops to drive the Indians away. The whites realize that the encounter has been a warning. Jim suggests they hide in the Big Horn mountain area until the rifles arrive. With that plan in mind, they feign a retreat, but head instead for the mountains. When Max tells Jim, who has become enamored of her, that she plans to leave Jack, he warns against their getting involved and advises her to return to the fort, but she decides to stay. Meanwhile, Carnahan, who has returned to the fort to confer with Gen. John Pope, learns that the guns will arrive within five weeks. Jack, now sober, asks Carnahan to tell Max of his change only if he thinks she wants to hear about it. Sometime later, Sioux scouts locate the party in the mountains, and an arrow nearly hits Max. Carnahan, seeing her with Jim, delivers Jack's message to Max, cautioning her not to get "careless" because of the nearness of death. Afraid of Horses, realizing that the whites did not return to Fort Laramie, advises Red Cloud to attack the fort, but the chief refuses to send his men against cannon. When the rifles arrive at the fort, Jack convinces Pope to let him take one to Red Cloud to demonstrate it and discourage him from fighting. Jack is captured and taken to Red Cloud, who calls together the chiefs of the Sioux Nation to decide what to do. Although they decide against war, Red Cloud plans to kill Carrington and his men before the guns reach them. Jack knocks out Afraid of Horses and tries to escape, but is shot as he rides off. On the way to Carrington, Jack kills three Indians, but a survivor returns to Red Cloud, who now orders his tribe to war. After Jack informs Carrington about the Sioux approach, Jim rides to Pope to get his men with the rifles to intercept the Indians. Max realizes Jack's heroism. The Sioux are vanquished in the battle, and Jim drowns Afraid of Horses in the river. Later, Max and Jack ride off to start a ranch, leaving Jim behind. 

Production Company: Clover Productions, Inc.  
Distribution Company: Columbia Pictures Corp.  
Director: William Castle (Dir)
  Leonard Katzman (Asst dir)
Producer: Sam Katzman (Prod)
Writer: James B. Gordon (Story and scr)
Photography: Henry Freulich (Dir of photog)
Art Direction: Paul Palmentola (Art dir)
Film Editor: Al Clark (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Sidney Clifford (Set dec)
Music: Ross DiMaggio (Mus cond)
Sound: Virgil Smith (Sd)
Production Misc: Leon Chooluck (Unit mgr)
Color Personnel: Henri Jaffa (Technicolor col consultant)
Country: United States
Language: English

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Columbia Pictures Corp. 8/4/1955 dd/mm/yyyy LP4585

PCA NO: 17269
Physical Properties: Sd: RCA Sound Recording
  col: Technicolor
  Widescreen/ratio: 1.85:1

Genre: Western
Subjects (Major): Alcoholics
  Dakota Indians
  Moral reformation
  Red Cloud
  Scouts (Frontier)
  United States--History--Indian campaigns
  United States. Army. Cavalry
  Unrequited love
Subjects (Minor): Arrests
  Bozeman Trail (MT)
  Col. Henry Carrington
  Cheyenne Indians
  Fort Laramie (WY)
  Officers (Military)
  Separation (Marital)
  Edwin McMasters Stanton
  Washington (D.C.)
  Wild west shows

Note: According to the HR review, location shooting was done in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley and in the canyons of Utah. Reviews criticized the extensive use of stock footage of Wild West shows, buffalo hunts and Indian fights. While onscreen credits list Ross DiMaggio for "Music conducted by," a Columbia production sheet credits Mischa Bakaleinikoff. Modern sources add Dennis Moore and Don Harvey to the cast. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   16 Jul 1955.   
Daily Variety   18 Jul 55   p. 3.
The Exhibitor   27 Jul 55   p. 3997.
Harrison's Reports   16 Jul 55   p. 115.
Hollywood Reporter   21 Sep 1954.   
Hollywood Reporter   8 Oct 1954   p. 14.
Hollywood Reporter   15 Jul 55   p. 3.
Los Angeles Examiner   24 Sep 1954.   
Motion Picture Daily   15 Jul 1955.   
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   16 Jul 55   p. 514.
Variety   20 Jul 55   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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