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The Abominable Snowman
Alternate Title: The Abominable Snowman of the Himalayas
Director: Val Guest (Dir)
Release Date:   Oct 1957
Production Date:   late Jan--late Mar 1957 at Bray Studios, Windsor, England
Duration (in mins):   83 or 85
Duration (in feet):   7,618
Duration (in reels):   10
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Cast:   Forrest Tucker (Tom Friend)  
    Peter Cushing (Dr. [John] Rollason)  
    Maureen Connell (Helen Rollason)  
    Richard Wattis (Pete Fox)  
    Robert Brown (Ed Shelley)  
    Michael Brill    
    Wolfe Morris (Kusang)  
    Arnold Marle (Lhama)  
    Anthony Chin (Major domo)  

Summary: Botanist Dr. John Rollason, his wife and colleague Helen and his assistant, Pete Fox, venture into the rugged Himalayan mountains in search of rare plants. One day, after they establish camp at a village, the Lhama, the spiritual leader of the village who possesses extrasensory perception, forecasts the imminent arrival of a climbing expedition and asks John if he intends to join them. When Helen learns about the expedition, she fears that John plans to hlep them search for the mythical creature known as the Abominable Snowman. Soon after, Tom Friend, an American adventurer, arrives with his guide Kusang and his colleagues, Jacques McNee and Ed Shelley, and a band of porters. When Helen denies the existence of the creatures, known as the "Yeti" by the natives, McNee rebuts that he has seen their footprints in the snow. As proof of their existence, Friend produces a stolen silver cylinder bearing an inscription about "powerful beings." Inside is a giant tooth, allegedly belonging to a Yeti. Friend then explains that he plans to lead a small party of five men into the heights of the Himalayas in search of the Yeti, and invites John to be their fifth member. When they present the tooth to the Lhama, however, the holy man claims that it is not real, but carved from ivory. Disregarding Helen's objections, John joins Friend's expedition, and the next morning, they begin their trek into the treacherous snow-covered peaks. That night, as they camp, John hypothesizes that the Yeti may have developed in parallel to mankind. When the crude, unthinking Shelley displays a trap he has brought to capture the creature, John is distressed to discover that he has been enlisted in a hunting party. The mercenary Friend then admits that his goal, far from being scientific, is to catch the Yeti and then make money by exhibiting him on television. In the village below, meanwhile, the porters that Friend left behind clamor for their unpaid wages. The next day, the expedition continues their trek, and McNee confesses to John that he has been obsessed by the creatures ever since spotting their footprints in the snow. Soon after, McNee, an inexperienced climber who has paid Friend for the privilege of joining the expedition, falls into a trap set by Shelley and injures his foot. John denounces the use of traps until Shelley claims that he has caught one of the creatures. When John examines Shelley's catch, however, he identifies it as a Himalayan monkey. As they pitch their tent that night, a radio broadcast warns of an approaching blizzard. Later, the monkey, locked in the cage outside, begins wildly chattering, and is accompanied by snarls and growls. When Kusang, Shelley, John and Friend run out to investigate, they find a huge footprint in the snow. McNee, left behind in the tent, sees a huge, hairy claw slip under the tent flap. Returning to the tent for his rifle, Kusang spots the Yeti and goes berserk, streaking down the mountain to the village below, while McNee, hypersensitive to the creature, goes into a trance. Firing at a figure fleeing on the ice, Shelley wounds the creature and they follow a trail of blood to find the fallen Yeti, dead. When Kusang returns to the village, Helen, fearing for her husband's safety, requests an audience with the Lhama, who confirms that John is in danger but pronounces that his outcome will be governed by his own nature. Determined to find John, Helen offers to pay the porters' back wages if they will lead her into the mountains. At the camp, meanwhile, McNee regains consciousness and questions John about the dead Yeti. After John reports that he saw sadness and wisdom in the slain creature's face, McNee sneaks out of the tent. Continuing his quest for the Yeti, the weakened McNee strikes out through the snow and plunges to his death from a precipice. After Shelley is attacked by two other creatures, Friend hits upon the idea of using him as bait and instructs Shelley to sequester himself in the cave while Friend watches from the tent, gun in hand. In a blinding blizzard, Friend and John hear the snarls of the creatures, and Shelley, confronted by the charging Yeti, aims his rifle, but the weapon fails to fire. By the time John and Friend reach the cave, Shelley has died from a heart attack. When the creatures return for the body of their compatriot, John surmises that they are more civilized and intelligent than man, and sense they must hide from man, the destroyer. Soon after, Friend, hallucinating, hears Shelley calling for help and runs out of the cave, firing his gun, thus triggering an avalanche that buries him alive. John remains in the cave, and when the two creatures come to claim their friend's body, he stares into their faces and then passes out. In a tent nearby, Helen hears the creatures' cries and runs out into the blizzard, where she finds John unconscious in the snow, and a giant footprint near his body. After John is rescued, he meets with the Lhama and affirms that the Yeti does not exist. 

Production Company: Exclusive Films, Ltd.  
  Regal Films, Inc.  
Distribution Company: Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.  
Director: Val Guest (Dir)
  Robert Lynn (Asst dir)
Producer: Michael Carreras (Exec prod)
  Anthony Nelson-Keys (Assoc prod)
  Audrey Baring (Prod)
Writer: Nigel Kneale (Story and scr)
Photography: Arthur Grant (Dir of photog)
  Len Harris (Cam op)
Art Direction: Ted Marshall (Art dir)
  Bernard Robinson (Prod des)
Film Editor: Bill Lenny (Film ed)
Costumes: Molly Arbuthnot (Ward)
  Beatrice Dawson (Dress des)
Music: John Hollingsworth (Mus dir)
  Humphrey Searle (Comp)
Sound: Jock May (Sd rec)
Make Up: Phil Leakey (Makeup)
  Henry Montash (Hairdressing)
Production Misc: Don Weeks (Prod mgr)
  Doreen Soan (Cont)
Country: Great Britain and United States
Language: English

Source Text: Based on the teleplay "The Creature" by Nigel Kneale (BBC, 31 Jan 1955).
Authors: Nigel Kneale

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. 29/10/1957 dd/mm/yyyy LP9442

PCA NO: 18535
Physical Properties: Sd: RCA Sound System
  Widescreen/ratio: Hammerscope

Genre: Adventure
Subjects (Major): Adventurers
  Priests, Buddhist
Subjects (Minor): Avalanches
  Death by shock
  English in foreign countries
  Falls from heights

Note: The working title of this film was The Abominable Snowman of the Himalayas , the title under which the picture was copyrighted. The opening and closing cast credits differ in order of appearance. Although the opening credits list Exclusive Films, Ltd. as the production company, the HR review notes that the film was commissioned by the American company Regal Films, Inc. which had an agreement with Twentieth Century-Fox to produce low-budget black-and-white films. The SAB also lists Regal as the film's production company. Although the copyright listing for the film states that the production company was Buzz Productions in association with Clarion Films, it also calls it "A Regal Films Production." Onscreen credits note that the format of the film was "Hammerscope," but all reviews list it as "Regalscope," the process used by Regal Films. According to the HR and MPH reviews, location filming took place in the Pyrennes Mountains in Switzerland. Peter Cushing, Wolfe Morris and Arnold Marle also appeared in the original BBC telecast of Nigel Kneale's story. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   9 Nov 1957.   
Daily Variety   28 Oct 57   p. 3.
Film Daily   31 Oct 57   p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter   22 Feb 57   p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter   22 Mar 57   p. 17.
Hollywood Reporter   28 Oct 57   p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   16 Nov 57   p. 602.
Variety   30 Oct 57   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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