AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Director: Fritz Lang (Dir)
Release Date:   Sep 1956
Premiere Information:   New York opening: 13 Sep 1956; Los Angeles opening: 19 Sep 1956
Production Date:   21 Mar--late Apr 1956
Duration (in mins):   80
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Cast:   Dana Andrews (Tom Garrett)  
    Joan Fontaine (Susan Spencer)  
    Sidney Blackmer (Austin Spencer)  
    Arthur Franz (Bob Hale)  
    Philip Bourneuf (Roy Thompson)  
    Edward Binns (Lt. Kennedy)  
    Shepperd Strudwick (Jonathan Wilson)  
    Robin Raymond (Terry LaRue)  
    Barbara Nichols (Sally Moore)  
    William Leicester (Charlie Miller)  
    Dan Seymour (Greco)  
    Rusty Lane (Judge)  
    Joyce Taylor (Joan Williams)  
    Carleton Young (Kirk)  
    Trudy Wroe (Hatcheck girl)  
    Joe Kirk (Clerk)  
    Charles Evans (Governor)  
    Wendell Niles (Announcer)  
    Dorothy Ford (Blonde)  
    Joey Ray (Eddie)  
    Larry Barton (Customer)  
    Frank Mitchell (Waiter)  
    Billy Reed (Emcee)  
    Carl Sklover (Cab driver/Photographer)  
    Ralph Volkie (Photographer)  
    Phil Barnes (Policeman)  
    Baynes Barron (Higgens)  
    Jeffrey Sayre (Foreman of jury)  
    Bob Whitney (Bailiff)  
    Hal Taggert (Court clerk)  
    Dorothy Gordon (Secretary)  
    Bill Boyett (Staff member)  
    Joel Mondeaux (Staff member)  
    Eric Wilton (Clergyman)  
    Dave Wiechman (Condemned man)  
    Tony De Mario (Doctor)  
    Harry Strang (Warden)  
    Benny Burt (Reporter)  
    Myron Cook (Reporter)  

Summary: Newspaper publisher Austin Spencer, an advocate of abolishing capital punishment, invites his former employee, novelist Tom Garrett, to witness an execution orchestrated by district attorney Roy Thompson. At a bar afterward, Austin explains that he is concerned that Thompson, who wants to become governor, is repeatedly using circumstantial evidence to win the death sentence in order to create publicity. That night, Tom proposes to Austin’s daughter Susan, and she gives him an engraved cigarette lighter as a gift. She wants to announce the wedding date, but after Tom receives a phone call, he informs her that his editor insists that he finish his novel immediately. Although Susan is upset about the postponement, she agrees to wait to marry. Later, Tom discusses capital punishment with Austin as a possible topic for his novel. Austin, who wants to prove that the legal system is too flawed to allow execution as a possible punishment, suggests that they find an unsolved crime, plant evidence that will condemn an innocent man, then finally reveal that the evidence was falsified. Soon after, Austin reads that an exotic dancer, Patty Gray, has been strangled, and convinces Tom, in order to use the details for his novel, to position himself as a possible suspect. First, Austin learns details about the case from a police detective, including the fact that Patty’s fellow dancers, Sally Moore and Terry LaRue, saw her drive away the night of her murder with a man in a gray coat smoking a pipe, driving a dark sedan. Six days later, when no further clues have been found, Tom and Austin begin their scheme, agreeing not to inform Susan so she cannot reveal anything to the police. Tom makes Sally’s acquaintance by first spilling a drink on her and later visiting her at the club with money for her cleaning bill. The rough Sally is so thrilled to have a wealthy suitor that she fails to notice when Tom steals her body makeup. Soon, Susan spots a photo of Tom and Sally in the newspaper and questions him about the affair, stating that she does not mind a fling but cannot bear him lying to her. Tom urges her to trust him, but when he refuses to clarify his relationship with Sally, Susan breaks off their engagement. Tom and Austin then visit the scene of the crime, where Austin photographs Tom leaving his cigarette case as a false clue. That night at the club, Terry notes Tom’s gray jacket and dark car and worries that he may be Patty’s killer, prompting Sally to inform police lieutenant Kennedy about her upcoming date with Tom. Meanwhile, as Austin photographs his activities as proof of his innocence, Tom cleans his car of all fingerprints, applies body makeup to the interior and leaves a stocking in his glove compartment. When Tom takes Sally out that evening, the police follow him, and upon seeing him harass Sally, arrest him. The police interrogate Tom for hours, during which he answers their questions truthfully. When he is indicted for murder, Susan urges Austin to intervene, and finds her father’s nonchalance shocking. Thompson is eager to try the case in court, but his assistant, Bob Hale, is in love with Susan and hopes to help her prove Tom’s innocence. At the trial, Thompson emphasizes Tom’s coat, car and the lighter found at the scene. He conjectures that Tom, who proposed to Susan five days before Patty’s murder, killed the dancer in order to conceal his past affair with her. As “evidence,” he points to a large cash withdrawal Tom made from his bank on the same day that Patty went to work flaunting a large wad of cash, as well as pipe residue found in Tom’s garage, despite Tom’s insistence that he does not smoke. As the jury deliberates, Austin gathers his photographs and heads to Thompson’s to reveal the ploy, but along the way is hit by a car. The explosion burns his body and the photographs. When Tom hears about Austin's death, he tells the true story to his lawyer, Jonathan Wilson, who notifies the judge. Without new evidence clearing Tom, however, the judge cannot stop the proceedings. Susan and Jonathan search Austin’s safe for the photographs, but find none, prompting Susan to guess that they may have been burned in the car. When the police recover charred remains of photographs, Susan is completely convinced of Tom’s innocence, and attempts to use her influence over the newspaper editors to sway public opinion in Tom’s favor. No pardon can be granted, however, and the night before Tom’s scheduled execution, Susan implores Bob to investigate further. He discovers that Patty, whose real name is Emma, stole money from a boyfriend who then threatened to kill her. Although Susan is thrilled by this revelation, Thompson soon learns that the boyfriend died years earlier. Just then, a probate lawyer arrives at Thompson’s office with a just-discovered note that Austin left in his safe-deposit vault. The letter corroborates Tom’s story and clears him of guilt. As the governor arrives to pardon Tom, Susan meets with Tom, and when he calls Patty “Emma,” she realizes that he knew the dancer all along. Trapped, Tom admits that he killed Patty, an ex-wife who refused to allow him a divorce. Susan races home, and soon after, Bob visits. Although she tries to be brave, she breaks down and reveals Tom’s secret to him. The governor is just about to sign Tom’s pardon when Bob calls with the truth, and a horrified Tom is led back to his cell. 

Production Company: RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.  
  Bert Friedlob Productions, Inc.  
Distribution Company: RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.  
Director: Fritz Lang (Dir)
  Maxwell Henry (Asst dir)
Producer: Bert Friedlob (Prod)
Writer: Douglas Morrow (Story and scr)
Photography: William Snyder (Dir of photog)
  Alex Kahle (Stills)
  Talmadge Morrison (Stills)
Art Direction: Carroll Clark (Art dir)
Film Editor: Gene Fowler Jr. (Ed supv)
Set Decoration: Darrell Silvera (Set dec)
Music: Herschel Burke Gilbert (Mus comp and cond)
Sound: Jimmy Thompson (Sd)
  Terry Kellum (Sd)
Make Up: Lou La Cava (Makeup supv)
  Ruby Felker (Hairstylist)
Production Misc: Maurie M. Suess (Prod supv)
  Leo Taub (Asst to prod)
Country: United States
Language: English

Music:
Songs: "Beyond a Reasonable Doubt," music by Herschel Burke Gilbert, lyrics by Alfred Perry, sung by The Hi-Lo's.
Composer: Herschel Burke Gilbert
  Alfred Perry
Source Text:

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
RKO Teleradio Pictures, Inc. 12/9/1956 dd/mm/yyyy LP7176

PCA NO: 18010
Physical Properties: Sd: RCA Sound Recording
  b&w:
  Widescreen/ratio: 1.85:1

 
Genre: Drama
Sub-Genre: Legal
 
Subjects (Major): Capital punishment
  Circumstantial evidence
  Engagements
  False accusations
  Murder
  Trials
 
Subjects (Minor): Ambition
  Authors
  Automobile accidents
  Cigarette lighters
  Cosmetics
  District attorneys
  Exotic dancers
  Fathers and daughters
  Juries
  Lawyers
  Newspaper publishers
  Nightclubs
  Pardons
  Photographs
  Romantic rivalry

Note: According to a Sep 1954 DV news item, Ida Lupino, her then-husband Howard Duff and writer Douglas Morrow formed an independent production company in order to film Beyond a Reasonable Doubt . Lupino was to co-write the screenplay with Morrow, and Duff and Joseph Cotten were set to star. In Sep 1955, however, HR announced that Bert Friedlob had purchased Morrow’s original story for his newly formed independent production company, Bert Friedlob Productions. On 28 Mar 1956, HR reported that Friedlob had created his company in order to distinguish between his California and New York interests. According to an Apr 1956 LAEx article, Morrow was inspired to write Beyond a Reasonable Doubt by a 1955 Gallup poll that indicated that Americans were evenly divided in their responses to capital punishment.
       A Jan 1956 HR news item indicates that some scenes were shot on location in Chicago. The picture marked director Fritz Lang’s last American film. According to modern sources, Lang, who made his first American film, Fury , in 1936, had grown so tired of studio interference, amplified by his disagreements with Friedlob, that he decided to return to his native Germany. He made only a few more films there before retiring in 1960. Lang returned to the U.S., where he died in 1976. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   15 Sep 1956.   
Daily Variety   3 Sep 1954.   
Daily Variety   12 Sep 56   p. 3.
Film Daily   1 Oct 56   p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter   6 Sep 1955.   
Hollywood Reporter   4 Jan 1956   p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter   21 Mar 1956   p. 19.
Hollywood Reporter   28 Mar 1956   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   18 Apr 1956   p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter   20 Apr 1956   p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter   12 Sep 56   p. 3.
Los Angeles Examiner   29 Apr 1956.   
LAReader   22 Feb 1991.   
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   15 Sep 56   p. 65.
New York Times   14 Sep 56   p. 27.
Variety   12 Sep 56   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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