AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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The Left Hand of God
Director: Edward Dmytryk (Dir)
Release Date:   Sep 1955
Premiere Information:   Los Angeles opening: 2 Sep 1955; New York opening: 21 Sep 1955
Production Date:   7 Mar--13 Apr 1955; addl seq and retakes 10 May and mid-Jun 1955
Duration (in mins):   87
Duration (in feet):   7,858
Duration (in reels):   10
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Cast:   Humphrey Bogart (James Carmody, also known as Father Peter John O'Shea)  
    Gene Tierney (Anne "Scotty" Scott)  
    Lee J. Cobb (Mieh Yang)  
    Agnes Moorehead (Beryl Sigman)  
    E. G. Marshall (Dr. Dave Sigman)  
    Jean Porter (Mary Yin)  
    Carl Benton Reid (Father Cornelius)  
    Victor Sen Yung (John Wong)  
    Philip Ahn (Jan Teng)  
    Benson Fong (Chun Tien)  
    Richard Cutting (Father Peter John O'Shea)  
    Leon Lontok (Pao-Ching)  
    Don Forbes (Father Joseph Keller)  
    Noel Toy (Woman in sarong)  
    Peter Chong (Feng merchant)  
    Marie Tsien (Woman in kimona)  
    Stephen Wong (Boy)  
    George Chan (Li Kwan)  
    Walter Soo Hoo (Orderly)  
    Henry S. Quan (Orderly)  
    Doris Chung (Nurse)  
    Moy Ming (Old man)  
    Stella Lynn (Pao Chu)  
    Robert Burton (Reverend Thomas Martin)  
    Soo Young (Midwife)  
    Candace Lee (Girl)  
    Kam Tong (Moslem)  
    Sammee Tong (Servant)  
    Sophie Chin (Celeste)  
    George Lee (Mi Lu)  
    Beal Wong (Father)  

Summary: In 1947, American priest Peter John O’Shea makes the torturous journey to reach a Catholic mission in a remote province of China. O’Shea is nearly drowned and loses his possessions but finds the mission, where he is greeted by Dr. Dave Sigman and his wife Beryl, who, along with nurse Anne “Scotty” Scott, run the mission’s hospital. Anne, who is Catholic, is thrilled about O’Shea’s arrival, but the following morning, Sigman tells the priest that he thinks the mission should be closed. Sigman states that because O’Shea’s predecessors died, the locals from the surrounding seven villages are reluctant to attend the church, and that pressure from warlord Mieh Yang makes the area too dangerous. O’Shea vaguely addresses Sigman’s concerns, then goes to the nearest village with Anne, who is impressed by his respectful treatment of the village elder. Parishioner John Wong asks O’Shea to say Mass, but the priest protests that he cannot, as he has lost his vestments. John persuades O’Shea to preach, and on Sunday, the priest reads from a book of sermons. Anne, who has dresssed up for the occasion, shrugs off Beryl's supposition that she is attracted to O'Shea. At first, Anne is disappointed, but then smiles when the priest speaks in Chinese to the congregation and explains the lesson. After the service, however, a disreputable-looking stranger arrives, and when he spits at O’Shea’s feet, the priest violently strikes him. Soon after, Anne attempts to comfort O’Shea, who is disappointed in himself for his lack of control. When O’Shea states that he wants to close the mission, Anne protests, asserting that he has accomplished a great deal of good. As they talk, Anne reveals that she came to China because her pilot husband crashed in the mountains during World War II, and she was hoping that he would be found. Having realized that her husband was dead, Anne stayed on, and has become dedicated to helping the poor villagers. Later, Beryl comments to Sigman about O’Shea’s odd demeanor, claiming that there is something “wrong” about him. Sigman, who has warmed to the priest, despite O’Shea’s inexplicable concern over the delay of the usual trade caravans, defends him, although he agrees that Anne, who is falling in love with O’Shea, should return to the United States. Concern for Anne prompts Beryl to approach O’Shea and suggest that he talk with a man who could understand what he is going through. O’Shea agrees and sets out for the Protestant mission of Reverend Thomas Marvin, which is several days away. Upon reaching the mission, O’Shea startles Marvin by revealing that he is not a priest, and that his name is actually James Carmody. Carmody relates that he was an American pilot during the war, and after being shot down three years earlier, was rescued by Yang. Although he was a virtual prisoner, Carmody served as Yang’s second-in-command. Carmody then describes how he came to his present situation: One day, as Carmody leads a raiding expedition, he hears a shot from the scouting party ahead. When he rides up, Carmody sees that the insolent Pao-Ching, who is the stranger that came to the mission, has shot and wounded a priest. Carmody lashes Pao-Ching for disobeying his orders not to fire, then takes the priest to Yang’s mountain fortress. Carmody and Yang engage in their customary crapshoot for Carmody’s salary, after which Yang upbraids Carmody for reproving Pao-Ching and tells him that they will have to kill the priest. Word then comes that the priest, named Peter John O’Shea, has died, and Carmody goes to see Jan Teng, the Buddhist doctor who was tending to O’Shea. Knowing how desperately Carmody wishes to escape Yang, Teng hints that a man disguised as a priest could possibly elude Yang’s spies. Carmody finishes his story by stating that he assumed O’Shea’s identity and traveled to the mission in the hope of joining a trade caravan destined for the coast. Amazed, Marvin instructs Carmody to write to the bishop in Sinkiang, and urges him to return to the mission. Carmody demurs, insisting that he cannot carry on with the charade. As they are talking, the men receive word that Yang’s men, alerted by Pao-Ching about Carmody’s presence at the mission, are attacking the seven villages. Marvin again tells Carmody that “his” people need him, but the flyer refuses to don the priest’s collar again. Soon after, terrified villagers attempt to flee but are stopped by Yang’s soldiers, who begin mercilessly beating men and sending them to the mission in an attempt to provoke O'Shea into revealing himself. After three days, during which they are baffled by “O’Shea’s” absence, Anne and Sigman are arguing when Carmody appears, again clothed as the priest. Without revealing his identity, Carmody continues to act as O’Shea and tells Sigman that the simple villagers could never outfight Yang’s men. Carmody urges Sigman, Beryl and Anne to trust him, but soon the mission is overflowing with refugees. Determined to end the situation, Carmody meets with Yang alone. Carmody urges Yang to depart, and when Yang asks him to return to his service, Carmody proposes a game of dice to determine his fate. Yang agrees that if Carmody wins, he will leave the villages, the mission and the American alone, but that if he wins, Carmody must return with him for five years. Carmody acquiesces, and is deeply relieved when he wins. Yang then proposes to roll for the fate of the Protestant mission, wagered against three years of Carmody’s life, and the American again wins. Yang sighs about the legends that will arise from his retreat, then warns Carmody that two priests from Sinkiang are coming. After Yang departs, Carmody returns to the mission and hears John telling a story about Carmody convincing Yang to leave by filling him with fear of the Holy Ghost. That night, Carmody tells Anne that he is an imposter, and she is relieved to learn that she had not fallen in love with a real priest. In the morning, Fathers Cornelius and Joseph Keller arrive and question Carmody about the letter he sent to the bishop, detailing his adventures. Cornelius doubts Carmody’s sincerity because of the stories about the “miracle” of his defeat over Yang, and Carmody reveals that it all lay in the toss of the dice. Despite himself, Cornelius is impressed that Carmody was willing to risk five years of servitude in order to save the mission, and states that the bishop wants him to continue impersonating a priest and go to Sinkiang, where his punishment will be decided. Cornelius explains that as the parishioners have not been hurt by his imposture, it would only destroy their faith to learn the truth about their beloved “Shen-fu,” the Chinese term for priest. The following day, Carmody bids farewell to John, Beryl, Sigman and his parishioners, while inside the mission, Anne tells Cornelius that despite his deception, Carmody was a good priest. Surprised by the devotion Carmody has inspired, Cornelius tells Anne the pilot’s real name as they watch him ride away. 

Production Company: Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.  
Distribution Company: Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.  
Director: Edward Dmytryk (Dir)
  Ben Kadish (Asst dir)
  Bernard Weisen (2d asst dir)
  Dr. Serge Bertenssen (Dial dir)
Producer: Buddy Adler (Prod)
Writer: Alfred Hayes (Scr)
Photography: Franz Planer (Dir of photog)
Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler (Art dir)
  Maurice Ransford (Art dir)
Film Editor: Dorothy Spencer (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott (Set dec)
  Frank Wade (Set dec)
Costumes: Charles LeMaire (Ward dir)
  Travilla (Cost des)
Music: Victor Young (Mus)
  Edward B. Powell (Orch)
Sound: Eugene Grossman (Sd)
  Harry M. Leonard (Sd)
  Etter D'Orazio (Sd ed)
  Ralph Dickey (Sd ed)
  Dick Jensen (Sd ed)
Special Effects: Ray Kellogg (Spec photog eff)
Make Up: Ben Nye (Makeup)
  Helen Turpin (Hair styling)
Production Misc: Henry Weinberger (Unit mgr)
  Ad Schaumer (Unit prod mgr, addl seq)
  Father Anthony O'Doherty (Tech adv)
  Frank Tang (Tech adv)
  Anita Speer (Scr clerk)
Color Personnel: Leonard Doss (Col consultant)
Country: United States
Language: English

Songs: "My Old Kentucky Home," music and lyrics by Stephen Collins Foster.
Composer: Stephen Collins Foster
Source Text: Based on the novel The Left Hand of God by William E. Barrett (Garden City, NY, 1951).
Authors: William E. Barrett

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. 31/8/1955 dd/mm/yyyy LP5556

PCA NO: 17462
Physical Properties: Sd: Western Electric Recording
  col: De Luxe
  Widescreen/ratio: CinemaScope
  Lenses/Prints: lenses by Bausch & Lomb

Genre: Drama
Subjects (Major): China
  Impersonation and imposture
Subjects (Minor): Air pilots, Military
  Americans in foreign countries
  Confession (Religion)
  Death and dying

Note: William E. Barrett's novel first appeared as a serial in Redbook magazine (Jul 1950--Oct 1950). According to a 21 Jan 1951 HR news item, the screen rights to Barrett’s novel were originally acquired by Howard Hawks and Edward Lasker for their independent company Winchester Productions. A 1 Apr 1951 NYT article reported that Hawks and Lasker were producing the project for RKO, with a screenplay written by William Faulkner. In Jun 1951, LAT noted that Kirk Douglas was set to star. Twentieth Century-Fox purchased the property in early 1954, and a modern source adds that the studio paid $110,000 for Faulkner’s screenplay and the rights to the novel. The extent of Faulkner’s contribution to the completed picture has not been determined, however. Several contemporary sources noted that it was difficult to adapt the book for the screen due to censorship concerns about the consequences of a layman impersonating a priest. In order to gain approval from the PCA, the studio decided that “James Carmody” would not be shown hearing confessions, saying Mass or carrying out any duty that would be considered sacreligious if performed by anyone other than a priest.
       In Aug and Sep 1954, HR news items noted Gregory Peck was set to star in the film. When Humphrey Bogart was signed for the role of Carmody, his contract called for “a participation arrangement under which [he] gets ten percent of the distribution gross,” according to a 30 Dec 1954 HR news item. Dona Drake was tested for the picture, according to a 15 Mar 1955 HR news item, but her appearance in the released film has not been confirmed. HR items also relate that backgrounds for the picture were shot on location in Hong Kong, and that location shooting was done at the Twentieth Century-Fox Ranch in Malibu, CA.
       The film’s 21 Sep 1955 premiere in New York was a benefit for The Boys Towns of Italy. The picture marked the last starring screen appearance of actress Gene Tierney (1920--1991). Tierney, who had been under contract to Twentieth Century-Fox since 1940, had been suffering from mental illness for a number of years and entered a series of sanitoriums for treatment. In her autobiography, Tierney noted that Bogart, whose sister was also mentally ill, was extremely supportive of her during filming. After marrying Houston oilman Howard Lee in 1960, Tierney retired to Texas, but occasionally returned to Hollywood for TV and films, beginning with the 1962 production Advise and Consent (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1961-70 ). 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   27 Aug 1955.   
Daily Variety   24 Aug 55   p. 3.
Film Daily   25 Aug 55   p. 5.
Hollywood Reporter   22 Jan 1951.   
Hollywood Reporter   26 May 1954   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   30 Aug 1954   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   13 Sep 1954   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   30 Dec 1954   p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter   11 Jan 1955   p. 1, 4.
Hollywood Reporter   4 Mar 1955   p. 16.
Hollywood Reporter   7 Mar 1955   p. 4, 8.
Hollywood Reporter   15 Mar 1955   p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter   30 Mar 1955   p. 5.
Hollywood Reporter   8 Apr 1955   p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter   12 Apr 1955   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   10 May 1955   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   6 Jun 1955   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   14 Jun 1955   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   22 Jul 1955   p. 13.
Hollywood Reporter   24 Aug 55   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   21 Sep 1955   p. 2.
Los Angeles Examiner   14 Feb 1951.   
Los Angeles Examiner   6 May 1954.   
Los Angeles Examiner   1 Sep 1955.   
Los Angeles Times   28 Jun 1951.   
Los Angeles Times   26 May 1954.   
Los Angeles Times   3 Sep 1955.   
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   27 Aug 55   p. 569.
New York Times   1 Apr 1951.   
New York Times   7 Nov 1954.   
New York Times   22 Sep 55   p. 34.
New Yorker   1 Oct 1955.   
Variety   24 Aug 55   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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