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The Americano
Director: William Castle (Dir)
Release Date:   29 Jan 1955
Premiere Information:   New York opening: 19 Jan 1955
Production Date:   late Jul--late Sep 1953 at Companhia Cinematografica Vera Cruz Studios, São Paulo, Brazil; resumed mid-Jun 1954 at RKO Radio Studios
Duration (in mins):   85 or 87
Duration (in feet):   7,656
Duration (in reels):   10
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Cast:   Glenn Ford (Sam Dent)  
    Frank Lovejoy (Bento Hermanny)  
    Cesar Romero (Manoel Silva, also known as El Gato)  
    Ursula Thiess (Marianna Figuerido)  
    Abbe Lane (Teresa)  
    Rodolfo Hoyos Jr. (Cristino)  
    Salvador Báguez (Capt. Gonzales)  
    Tom Powers (Jim Rogers)  
    Dan White (Barney Dent)  
    Frank Marlowe (Captain of ship)  
    George Navarro (Tuba Macedo)  
    Nyra Monsour (Tuba's sister)  

Summary: In Clearwater, Texas, cattleman Sam Dent borrows money from the bank so that he can ship his three prize Brahma bulls to Brazil, where a buyer has promised him $25,000. With his last dollars, Sam then purchases a ticket for himself and accompanies the animals to a port in Brazil. When the buyer, Antoni Barbossa, fails to show, Sam makes inquiries at a bar but is met with frightened silence. One man, Manoel Silva, however, leads Sam to Barbossa's slain body and agrees to guide Sam to Barbossa's ranch for a fee. The jovial but cryptic Manoel then procures a truck in which to transport the bulls. Fifty miles from Barbossa's ranch, Manoel and Sam abandon the truck and start to herd the bulls on horses "borrowed" by Manoel. Sam and Manoel guide the animals through a jungle onto the Matto Grosso plateau, where grazing land is lush but the cattle overbred. After Manoel leads the bulls safely across a piranha-infested river, they are surprised by several stampeding cowboys. Sam knocks down one of the riders, who turns out to be Marianna Figuerido, Barbossa's unfriendly neighbor. When Marianna learns that Sam plans to sell the bulls to Barbossa's "captain," Bento Hermanny, she reacts with anger, declaring that Hermanny has been trying to steal her land for years. Moments later, Hermanny appears and shoots a puma that is about to attack Sam. While escorting Sam to his ranch, Hermanny asks about Manoel, who has disappeared, and reveals that Manoel is the notorious bandit El Gato and most likely the man who murdered Barbossa. Hermanny also admits that Marianna resents him because his ranch is much more successful than her modest one. Later, at his ranch house, Hermanny, who describes himself as Barbossa's partner, offers Sam a piece of the ranch in exchange for his cattle expertise. Sam politely declines, admitting that he and his brother have long dreamed of buying their own land in Texas. After Hermanny goes out to hunt for Manoel, who has been spotted in the area, Sam finds Manoel sitting in the dark. Manoel does not deny he is El Gato, but warns Sam not to accept Hermanny's job. The next morning, Sam leaves for home with Eduardo, one of Hermanny's men, carrying $25,000 in cash. While camping in the jungle, several men ambush Sam, knocking him out, and when he revives, he finds his money stolen and Eduardo murdered. Sam rides back to Hermanny and collapses, and Hermanny accuses Manoel of the crime. Later, Cristino, Hermanny's foreman, and several other men attack Marianna's foreman, Tuba Macedo, claiming that Tuba is hiding Manoel. Although Tuba denies any knowledge, Cristino hangs him in front of Sam, who is outraged. After Hermanny tries to defend Cristino's actions, he and Sam are surprised by Manoel and his men. Manoel takes Sam to Marianna's ranch, where Teresa, Hermanny's seductive housekeeper, confesses that she is Manoel's sweetheart and spy. Teresa tells Sam that she overheard Hermanny ordering Cristino to rob him and also knows that Hermanny had Barbossa killed. Though still unsure about Hermanny, Sam admits his attraction for Marianna and spends a romantic evening with her. The next morning, the police show up at Marianna's, intent on arresting Sam for Tuba's murder. Marianna stalls the police and races to Hermanny's to see Sam, but when Sam insists that he is not taking sides, she leaves in disgust. That night, Hermanny instructs Cristino and his men to set fires to the homes of "roceiros," or nesters, who have occupied the area. Shocked by Hermanny's brutal tactics, Sam confronts him, and he admits he was behind the jungle ambush. Hermanny then reveals that because Marianna put up her land as a guarantee that Sam would appear in court during Tuba's murder investigation, he has ordered Cristino to force Sam onto a Texas-bound boat to assure that he fails to show. As Cristino and his men are leading Sam through the jungle, however, Sam manages to escape and joins up with Manoel at Marianna's. Later, Sam sneaks back to Hermanny's and jumps Cristino in the bunkhouse, holding him at gunpoint. Cristino promises to implicate Hermanny to the authorities, but when Sam takes him to the police captain, Gonzales, Cristino turns on Sam and accuses him of the crime. Gonzales is about to arrest Sam when Manoel and his cohorts appear and help Sam escape with Cristino. Sam then drags Cristino to the river and, by threatening to immerse him in the piranha-infested water, again gets him to agree to implicate Hermanny. After Cristino confesses to Gonzales, they all ride to Hermanny's. There, Manoel fights with Cristino in the stables, killing him with a pitchfork, and Sam then is compelled to shoot the cowardly Hermanny after he shoots Gonzales. Exhausted but victorious, Sam walks off, finally free to return to Texas. 

Production Company: Robert Stillman Productions, Inc.  
  RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.  
Distribution Company: RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.  
Director: William Castle (Dir)
  Bert Spurlin (Asst dir)
  Nate Slott (Asst dir)
Producer: Sam Wiesenthal (Exec prod)
  Robert Stillman (Prod)
  Oscar Ferreira Filho (Co-prod in Brazil)
  Benny Dyonisio (Co-prod in Brazil)
Writer: Guy Trosper (Scr)
Photography: William Snyder (Dir of photog)
  Clifford Stine (Dir of photog)
Art Direction: Jack Okey (Art dir)
Film Editor: Harry Marker (Film ed)
Set Decoration: John Sturtevant (Set dec)
Costumes: Michael Woulfe (Cost des)
Music: Xavier Cugat (Abbe Lane's mus numbers comp and supv by)
  Roy Webb (Mus score)
  C. Bakaleinikoff (Mus dir)
Sound: Frank McWhorter (Sd)
Production Misc: Julius Sadoske (Prod supv)
  Edward Donahue (Prod mgr)
Country: United States
Language: English

Songs: "The Americano," words by Tom Smith, music by Xavier Cugat and George Rosner.
Composer: Xavier Cugat
  George Rosner
  Tom Smith
Source Text: Based on the short story "Six Weeks South of Texas" by Leslie T. White (publication undetermined).
Authors: Leslie T. White

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. 31/12/1954 dd/mm/yyyy LP4413

PCA NO: 17099
Physical Properties: Sd: RCA Sound Recording
  Lenses/Prints: print by Technicolor

Genre: Adventure
Subjects (Major): Brazil
Subjects (Minor): Confession (Law)
  Ranch foremen

Note: Contemporary news items add the following information about the production: The Americano began shooting in late Jul 1953 at the Companhia Cinematografica Vera Cruz Studios in São Paulo, Brazil. Initially, the film was to be shot in Tru-Stereo 3-D, under the direction of Budd Boetticher and starring Glenn Ford, Arthur Kennedy, Cesar Romero and Sara Montiel. Ben Colman was the first announced cinematographer and Lyle Willey, the soundman. By the time principal photography began, however, Clifford Stine had replaced Colman, and the film was not in 3-D. It is not known whether Willey actually worked on the production. In addition to São Paulo, several weeks of filming took place on the Matto Grosso in Brazil. Because of unseasonably bad weather, as well as problems relating to the film's Brazilian financing, the company was forced to return to Los Angeles in late Sep 1953, after shooting only one-third of the script.
       Although DV announced that the picture would resume filming in Oct 1953 at the Motion Picture Center in Los Angeles, shooting did not begin again until mid-Jun 1954, with a different director and photographer. Boetticher was replaced by William Castle and Stine by William Snyder. Ursula Thiess replaced Montiel in the female lead and Frank Lovejoy replaced Kennedy. In addition, RKO Radio Pictures and Robert Stillman Productions took over from Moulin Productions as the film's production companies, and RKO took over distribution from United Artists. Stillman was the producer throughout filming. It is not known how much of the footage shot in Brazil was used in the final film, which was released in standard format.
       HR news items from 1954 add Susan Hamilton, Leon Bovaro and Joe Dominguez to the cast, but their appearance in the final film has not been confirmed. Production charts note that the 1953 footage was shot in Eastman Color. Reviews list the film's aspect ratio as either 1.75:1 or 1.85:1. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   8 Jan 1955.   
Daily Variety   2 Jun 1953.   
Daily Variety   21 Sep 53   p. 1, 6
Daily Variety   28 Dec 1953.   
Daily Variety   29 Dec 54   p. 3.
Film Daily   5 Jan 55   p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter   31 Jul 53   p. 9.
Hollywood Reporter   14 Aug 53   p. 9.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Sep 53   p. 27.
Hollywood Reporter   10 Jun 54   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   11 Jun 54   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   14 Jun 1954.   
Hollywood Reporter   16 Jun 54   p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Jun 54   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   29 Dec 54   p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   8 Jan 55   p. 273.
New York Times   20 Jan 55   p. 35.
Variety   29 Dec 54   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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