AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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The System
Director: Lewis Seiler (Dir)
Release Date:   18 Apr 1953
Production Date:   early Nov--2 Dec 1952
Duration (in mins):   87-88 or 90
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Cast:   Frank Lovejoy (John E. Merrick)  
    Joan Weldon (Felice Stuart)  
    Bob Arthur (Rex Merrick)  
    Paul Picerni (David Wiley)  
    Donald Beddoe (Jerry Allen)  
    Jerome Cowan (Brady)  
    Dan Seymour (Marty)  
    Sarah Selby (Liz Allen)  
    Fay Roope (Roger Stuart)  
    Frank Richards (Charley)  
    Victor Perrin (Little Harry)  
    Henry Corden (Specs)  
    Howard Negley (Sen. Richard Ketteridge)  
    Al Gordon (Big Reuben)  
    Bruno VeSota (Angelo Bruno)  
    Richard Garrick (Frank Tasker)  
    Paul Birch (Lt. Gordon)  
    William Vedder (Sen. Svalgard)  
    Forbes Murray (Sen. Gross)  
    Brian O'Hara (Liggett)  
    Chet Marshall (Jerry Allen, Jr.)  
    Michael Pierce (Ricky Gerber)  
    Ray Bennett (Policeman)  
    Forrest Burns (Policeman)  
    Elizabeth Flournoy (Merrick's secretary)  
    Sammy Finn (Clerk)  
    Ivan Browning (Servant)  
    Charles Watts (Waiter)  
    Milton Wood (Robert, waiter)  
    Grandon Rhodes (Dunlop)  
    Paul Maxey (Ed Jelke)  
    George Sherwood (Court stenographer)  
    Norman Field (Medical examiner)  
    Lloyd Dawson (Detective)  
    Larry Blake (Detective lieutenant)  
    Frank Marlowe    
    Gail Ganley    
    Anne Lavelle    
    Ernestine Barrier    

Summary: Although it is generally known that John E. Merrick heads the local unit of a nationwide gambling syndicate, the citizens of Clarkton consider him to be a respected businessman, well-intentioned citizen and generous neighbor. John is also a family man and proud of his son Rex, who is studying to be a lawyer at the state university. When John learns that Rex's friend Ricky Gerber has been killed robbing a diamond store for money to pay off gambling debts, John fires bookie Angelo Bruno, who lured Ricky to gambling and then pressured him for payment. However, after learning about the death, newspaper reporter Jerry Allen, a longtime friend of John and father of Rex's best friend, Jerry, Jr., feels compelled to start a "crusade" against local gambling. He convinces his chief, Roger Stuart, to let him do a series of articles on Clarkton's gambling activities, unaware that Stuart has an ulterior motive for granting permission. Although Jerry does not name names in his initial articles, everyone in town knows that he is targeting John. In a businesslike way, John prepares to weather the storm caused by the controversial articles with the help of his lawyer, Brady, and his accountant, Liggett. He then confronts both Jerry and Stuart about their reasons for commencing with an exposé after all these years. From these conversations, he learns that Jerry's motives are a mixture of honest citizen outrage and a desire for a Pulitzer prize, but that Stuart is simply trying to break up John's romance with his daughter Felice. When Jerry's articles explore the possibility that John's company is involved in interstate gambling, the head of the gambling syndicate, Big Reuben, gets nervous that he will be implicated and sends his brother Marty to demand that John "take the heat off," even if it means breaking up with Felice. When Jerry's articles pique the interest of Senator Richard Ketteridge, John tries to end the relationship to protect Felice from scandal, but she remains steadfast. However, other friends do not remain as loyal, as Ed Jelke, whom John helped get placed in the sheriff's department, delivers the subpoena for company tax records, and the board of directors of the country club that John helped to build ask him to resign. Although Liggett cleans out the records dealing with out-of-state transactions, Frank Tasker, who has worked in accounting for twenty years, is also subpoenaed. When he begs not to have to perjure himself, John, against Brady and Liggett's advice, tells Frank to tell the truth. On the day the Ketteridge investigation is to begin, Big Reuben and Marty send their nephew "Specs" and a psychotic Chicago gunman, Little Harry, to kill Jerry. Meanwhile, after a public acknowledgment of Jerry's death, the hearing begins and witnesses are called to the stand by chief counsel David Wiley. Angelo testifies that John provided capital for him to start a gambling operation. Frank perjures himself by saying that he does not know the nature of John's business, as he only counts the money. When the feisty Felice is called to testify, she evades their questions, but when the prosecutor gets rough with her, John disrupts by ordering them to leave her alone. During a break, Rex shows up to stand by John, but wanting to protect his son, John orders him to leave. Hurt by John's brusqueness, Rex goes to the Allens' house, where he learns about Jerry's death. When the hearings resume, John is called to the stand. Although he evades most of Wiley's questions, John claims he is not engaged in gambling and that his business is not a franchise of a nationwide wire service. However, the hearing is suddenly adjourned when police interrupt to report that Rex has committed suicide. That evening, the grieving John is summoned to the local police station, where the inspector has picked up two men who he believes are Jerry's killers, but whom he cannot hold without witnesses. Ignoring Brady's advice, John identifies the men as Harry and Specs, then manipulates Harry into exposing Specs, Reuben and Marty, even though the confession will also bring him down. When the hearing resumes, Harry is called to the stand and confesses everything, accusing Reuben and his family, and incidentally, John. When recalled to the stand, John admits to his interstate gambling activities and is immediately arrested on perjury charges for his previous testimony. As the police take John away to be tried in a federal court, Felice follows to say goodbye and declares that she still loves him. 

Production Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Brand Name: A Warner Bros.--First National Picture
Distribution Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Director: Lewis Seiler (Dir)
  Mel Dellar (Asst dir)
Producer: Sam Bischoff (Prod)
Writer: Jo Eisinger (Scr)
  Edith Grafton (Based upon a story by)
  Samuel Grafton (Based upon a story by)
Photography: Edwin DuPar (Dir of photog)
  Lou Jenning (Cam op)
  Lloyd Maclean (Stills)
Art Direction: John Beckman (Art dir)
Film Editor: Clarence Kolster (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Lyle B. Reifsnider (Set dec)
Costumes: Howard Shoup (Ward)
Music: David Buttolph (Mus)
  Maurice de Packh (Orch)
Sound: Charles Lang (Sd)
Make Up: Gordon Bau (Makeup)
Country: United States
Language: English

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc. 27/4/1953 dd/mm/yyyy LP2521

PCA NO: 16296
Physical Properties: Sd: RCA Sound System

Genre: Melodrama
Sub-Genre: Gangster
Subjects (Major): Fathers and sons
Subjects (Minor): Accountants
  College students
  Country clubs
  Family relationships
  Fathers and daughters
  Newspaper publishers
  Syndicates (Finance)

Note: Although his appearance in the film has not been confirmed, a Dec 1952 HR news item added Lyle Ince to the cast. Portions of the film were shot on location at the Lakeside Country Club in Los Angeles, according to a Nov 1952 HR news item. The System marked Joan Weldon's film debut. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   21 Mar 1953.   
Daily Variety   19 Mar 53   p. 3.
Film Daily   6 Apr 53   p. 10.
Hollywood Reporter   11 Nov 52   p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter   12 Nov 52   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   14 Nov 52   p. 15.
Hollywood Reporter   2 Dec 52   p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter   5 Dec 52   p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter   19 Mar 53   p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   21 Mar 53   p. 1766.
New York Times   23 May 53   p. 19.
Newsweek   20 Apr 1953.   
Variety   25 Mar 53   p. 6.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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