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They Died with Their Boots On
Director: Raoul Walsh (Dir)
Release Date:   1 Jan 1942
Production Date:   2 Jul--30 Sep 1941
Duration (in mins):   138 or 140
Duration (in feet):   12,563
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Cast:   Errol Flynn (George Armstrong Custer)  
    Olivia de Havilland (Elizabeth [Libby] Bacon)  
    Arthur Kennedy (Ned Sharp)  
    Charley Grapewin (California Joe)  
    Gene Lockhart (Samuel Bacon, Esq.)  
    Anthony Quinn (Crazy Horse)  
    Stanley Ridges (Major Romulus Taipe)  
    John Litel (General Phil Sheridan)  
    Walter Hampden (William Sharp)  
    Sydney Greenstreet (Lt. General Winfield Scott)  
    Regis Toomey (Fitzhugh Lee)  
    Hattie McDaniel (Callie)  
    George P. Huntley Jr. (Lt. "Queen's Own" Butler)  
    Frank Wilcox (Captain Webb)  
    Joseph Sawyer (Sergeant Doolittle)  
    Minor Watson (Senator Smith)  
    Byron Barr (Lieutenant Roberts)  
    John Ridgely (Second Lieutenant Davis)  
    Joseph Crehan (President Grant)  
    Aileen Pringle (Mrs. Sharp)  
    Anna Q. Nilsson (Mrs. Taipe)  
    Harry Lewis (Youth)  
    Michael Ames (Cadet Brown)  
    Walter Brooke (Rosser)  
    Selmer Jackson (Captain McCook)  
    Bob Perry (Officer)  
    Garland Smith (Officer)  
    Roy Barcroft (Officer)  
    Dick French (Officer)  
    Marty Faust (Officer)  
    Paul Kruger (Officer)  
    Steve Darrell (Officer)  
    De Wolfe Hopper (Frazier)  
    Eddie Acuff (Corporal Smith)  
    Sam McDaniel (Waiter)  
    George Reed (Charles)  
    Pat McVeigh (Jones)  
    James Seay (Lieutenant Walsh)  
    George Eldredge (Captain Riley)  
    John Hamilton (Colonel)  
    Renie Riano (Nurse)  
    Edna Holland (Nurse)  
    Minerva Urecal (Nurse)  
    Virginia Sale (Nurse)  
    Vera Lewis (Head nurse)  
    Spencer Charters (Station master)  
    Frank Orth (Barfly)  
    Ray Teal (Barfly)  
    Hobart Bosworth (Clergyman)  
    Joe Devlin (Bartender)  
    Fred Kelsey (Bartender)  
    Wade Crosby (Bartender)  
    Dick Wessel (Staff Sergeant Brown)  
    Weldon Heyburn (Staff officer)  
    Harry Strang (Orderly)  
    Max Hoffman Jr. (Orderly)  
    Frank Mayo (Orderly)  
    Sol Gorss (Adjutant)  
    William Forrest (Adjutant)  
    Addison Richards (Adjutant)  
    Irving Bacon (Salesman)  
    Russell Hicks (Colonel of 1st Michigan)  
    Victor Zimmerman (Colonel of 5th Michigan)  
    Ian MacDonald (Soldier)  
    Jack Mower (Telegrapher)  
    Alberta Gray (Jane, kitchen maid)  
    Annabelle Jones (Maid)  
    Hugh Sothern (Major Smith)  
    Arthur Loft (Tillaman)  
    Lane Chandler (Sentry)  
    Eddie Parker (Sentry)  
    Carl Harbaugh (Sergeant)  
    G. Pat Collins (Corporal)  
    Walter Baldwin (Settler)  
    Clancy Cooper (Conductor)  
    Herbert Heywood (Newsman)  
    Joseph King (Chairman)  
    Ed Keane (Congressman)  
    Francis Ford (Veteran)  
    Frank Ferguson (Grant's secretary)  
    Virginia Brissac    
    Jack Budlong    
    George Murphy    

Summary: The new group of cadets at West Point in 1857 includes George Armstrong Custer, a flamboyant dresser with long curls, who wants to experience the glory of war. During his time at the military academy, Custer commits many infractions and his classroom performance leaves much to be desired. When Abraham Lincoln is elected president, and civil war breaks out, Custer is eager to graduate and join the battle. While on a punishment tour, Custer meets pretty Elizabeth Bacon, known as Libby, and arranges to meet her later that evening. Before their rendezvous, Custer, like many other cadets, is graduated early and sent to Washington, D.C. to wait for a commission. In Washington, Custer's bad reputation prevents him from receiving an immediate commission. Tired of waiting, he charms Lt. General Winfield Scott into inviting him to lunch and then confesses his dilemma. Scott has him assigned to the Second U.S. Cavalry. At the Battle of Bull Run on 21 July 1861, Custer disregards orders and leads his men in an attack on the enemy. He is wounded in battle and sent home, but later receives a medal. While on leave, Custer plans a visit to Libby to apologize for standing her up at West Point. Before he arrives at her house, Custer encounters Samuel Bacon and, not knowing that he is Libby's father, quarrels with him. Libby is delighted to see Custer and readily forgives him, but when she introduces him to her father, he angrily throws Custer out. Custer and Libby meet secretly that night, and Custer promises to marry her when he becomes a general, reasoning that her father could not possibly object to him then. Custer rejoins his regiment and by mistake is made a general of the Michigan Brigade. At the Battle of Gettysburg, in Pennsylvania, Custer again attacks against orders and the brigade loses many men, but Confederate general Jeb Stuart is driven back. Custer continues to distinguish himself in the war, and after it is over, Bacon agrees to Libby's marriage. With the end of the war, however, Custer is out of work. Ned Sharp, one of Custer's fellow cadets, offers him the presidency of a corporation he has formed with his father to develop the Dakota Territory, but when Custer learns he will only be a figurehead, he turns down the offer. Once again General Scott comes to the rescue, this time at Libby's request, and Custer is posted to Fort Lincoln in the Dakota Territory. The fort is in total disarray when Custer and Libby arrive. Sharp has opened a trading post that sells rifles to the Indians and also runs a bar that has resulted in a drunken corps of cavalrymen. Custer whips the soldiers into shape, closing both the bar and the trading post. Under his leadership, the Seventh U.S. Cavalry wages war on the Indians. When Crazy Horse's Sioux agree to move away from their land as the U.S. government has ordered, on condition they are allowed to retain the sacred land in the Black Hills, Custer promises he will defend their rights there. The Sharps's corporation, however, has plans to run a railroad through there in order to bolster its failing business, and the Sharps work behind the scenes to have Custer relieved of his command. In response, Custer accuses Major Romulus Taipe of falsely announcing the discovery of gold in the Black Hills. Learning of an approaching battle with the Indians under the leadership of Sitting Bull, Custer begs to be returned to his command. On 25 June 1876, to save Brigadier General Alfred Terry from certain defeat, Custer sacrifices the entire Seventh Cavalry in the Battle of Little Big Horn. Afterward, Libby presents a letter sent to her by Custer before his death. In his dying declaration, Custer renews his accusations against Taipe, who is forced to resign and return the Black Hills to the Sioux. 

Production Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Brand Name: A Warner Bros.--First National Picture
Distribution Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Director: Raoul Walsh (Dir)
  Eddie Blatt (Dial dir)
  Russ Saunders (Asst dir)
  Claude E. Archer (2nd asst dir)
  B. Reeves Eason (2nd unit dir)
Producer: Hal B. Wallis (Exec prod)
  Robert Fellows (Assoc prod)
Writer: Wally Kline (Orig scr)
  Aeneas MacKenzie (Orig scr)
  Lenore Coffee (Addl dial)
Photography: Bert Glennon (Dir of photog)
  Ellsworth Fredericks (2nd cam)
  Benny Cohan (Asst cam)
  Fred Morgan (Stills)
  Ralph Owen (Gaffer)
Art Direction: John Hughes (Art dir)
Film Editor: William Holmes (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Eddie Edwards (Props)
  Bud Friend (Asst props)
  William Wallace (Asst props)
  Robey Cooper (Asst props)
Costumes: Milo Anderson (Gowns)
  Dick Moder (Ward)
  Katherine Grams (Ward)
Music: Leo F. Forbstein (Mus dir)
  Max Steiner (Mus)
Sound: Dolph Thomas (Sd)
  Ned O. Nair (Sd rec)
  Dick H. Williams (Boom boy)
Special Effects: Don Siegel (Mont)
Make Up: Perc Westmore (Makeup artist)
  Ward Hamilton (Makeup)
  Harlan Phillips (Makeup)
  Nellie Manley (Hair)
Production Misc: Lt. Col. J. G. Taylor retired, U.S. Army (Tech adv)
  Frank Mattison (Unit mgr)
  Eugene Busch (Scr clerk)
  Everett A. Hughes (Cable man)
  Mickey Moran (Best boy)
  William Classen (Grip)
Stand In: Yakima Canutt (Double)
  Cliff Lyons (Double)
  Jane Bill (Double)
  Bruce Gailbraith (Double)
  John Hoffman (Double)
  Bill Yrigoyen (Stunts)
  Joe Yrigoyen (Stunts)
  Howard Hill (Stunts)
Country: United States

Songs: "Garry Owen," military traditional.

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number Passed By NBR:
Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc. 3/1/1942 dd/mm/yyyy LP10933 Yes

Physical Properties: b&w:
  Sd: RCA Sound System

Genre: Biography
Subjects (Major): General George Armstrong Custer
  Indians of North America
  United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  United States--History--Reconstruction, 1865-1898
Subjects (Minor): Black Hills (SD and WY)
  Chief Crazy Horse
  Dakota Indians
  Little Big Horn, Battle of the, 1876
  Sitting Bull
  United States. Army
  United States Military Academy
  Wagon trains
  The West
  Wounded Knee Creek, Battle of, 1890

Note: Screenwriter Wally Klein's surname is spelled Kline in the onscreen credits. Biographical sources give the following information about George Armstrong Custer: Custer had a distinguished career during the U.S. Civil War, ending as the army's youngest major-general, and was known for his relentless pursuit of General Robert E. Lee. In 1865 Custer was court-martialed and suspended without pay for one year for harsh treatment of his troops. He was reinstated to counter the increased hostility of the Plains Indians, and in 1875 he took command of Ft. Abraham Lincoln in the Dakota Territory. In 1874, Custer led an expedition to confirm the rumored existence of gold in the Black Hills region of South Dakota. The character of Romulus Taipe was invented for the film. When the Sioux did not comply with a government order directing all Indians to move onto reservations by 31 Jan 1876, war broke out. Custer, under the command of General Alfred Terry, led his soldiers to total defeat at the Battle of Little Big Horn. Not a single soldier of the 250 men under his command survived. Custer was buried with military honors at West Point on 10 Oct 1877. Following his death, his widow wrote and lectured about his life and championed his deeds. Controversy over Custer's conduct at Little Big Horn continues to this day.
       Papers included in the Warner Bros. Collection at the USC Cinema-Television Library add the following information about the production: Joan Fontaine, Olivia De Havilland's sister, turned down the role of "Libby" and Priscilla Lane, Elisabeth Fraser and Nancy Coleman were all tested for the part. Michael Curtiz was the studio's original choice to direct. Writer Lenore Coffee was hired to strengthen the romantic scenes between Errol Flynn and De Havilland. A number of people were injured during the battle scenes; Jack Budlong, a twenty-eight-year-old stuntman, died after falling from his horse on to his sword, and untrained rider George Murphy was killed when he fell from his horse while drunk. Scenes were shot on location at Busch Gardens in Pasadena, the Warner Ranch in Calabasas, CA, Iverson Ranch in Chatsworth, CA and at nearby Lasky Mesa. Second unit director B. Reeves Eason directed much of the Battle of Little Big Horn footage. He had previously co-directed (with Michael Curtiz) the final battle scene in Warner Bros.' 1936 film The Charge of the Light Brigade (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40 ; F3.0655). An HR news item reports that a shortage of Native Americans in Hollywood led Warner Bros. to import Sioux from a reservation in the Dakotas. The USC files note that sixteen Dakota Indians worked in the film. The film was completed twenty-six days behind schedule. In his autobiography Raoul Walsh states "I tried to show [the Indian] as an individual who only turned vindictive when his rights as defined by treaty were violated by white men." This was the eighth and last film in which De Havilland and Flynn starred together. Some modern sources state that Eleanor Parker played a bit role in this film, but her name does not appear on the CBCS.
       Among the other films about Custer are the 1909 Selig Polyscope film On the Little Big Horn or Custer's Last Fight , starring Paul McCormick, Jr.; the 1916 Vitagraph film Britton of the Seventh , directed by Lionel Belmore and starring Darwin Karr and Charles Kent (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1911-20 ; F1.0488); Custer's Last Fight , a 1925 re-issue of a Thomas Ince film, and the 1926 Universal film The Flaming Frontier , directed by Edward Sedgwick and starring Hoot Gibson and Anne Cornwall (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1921-30 ; F2.1119 and F2.1798); the 1936 Weiss Productions film Custer's Last Stand , directed by Elmer Clifton and starring Rex Lease (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40 ; F3.0906); the 1968 U.S.--Spanish co-production Custer of the West , directed by Robert Siodmak and starring Robert Shaw, Mary Ure and Robert Ryan; and the 1991 ABC Television film Son of the Morning Star , directed by Mike Robe and starring Gary Cole, Rosanna Arquette and Dean Stockwell. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   22 Nov 1941.   
Film Daily   21 Nov 41   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   16 May 41   p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter   27 May 41   p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter   10 Jul 41   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   31 Jul 41   p. 13.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Sep 41   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   19 Nov 41   p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   22 Nov 41   p. 373.
New York Times   21 Nov 41   p. 23.
Variety   19 Nov 41   p. 9.

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