AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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White Heat
Director: Raoul Walsh (Dir)
Release Date:   3 Sep 1949
Premiere Information:   New York opening: 2 Sep 1949
Production Date:   5 May--mid-Jun 1949
Duration (in mins):   114-115
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Cast:   James Cagney (Cody Jarrett)  
    Virginia Mayo (Verna Jarrett)  
    Edmond O'Brien (Hank Fallon, also known as Vic Pardo)  
    Margaret Wycherly (Ma Jarrett)  
    Steve Cochran (Big Ed Somers)  
    John Archer (Philip Evans)  
    Wally Cassell (Cotton Valetti)  
    Fred Clark (The Trader)  
    Ford Rainey (Zuckie Hommell)  
    Fred Coby (Happy Taylor)  
    G. Pat Collins (The reader)  
    Mickey Knox (Het Kohler)  
    Paul Guilfoyle (Roy Parker)  
    Robert Osterloh (Tommy Ryley)  
    Ian MacDonald (Bo Creel)  
    Ray Montgomery (Trent)  
    Jim Toney (Brakeman)  
    Leo Cleary (Fireman)  
    Murray Leonard (Engineer)  
    Terry O'Sullivan (Radio announcer)  
    Marshall Bradford (Chief of police)  
    George Taylor (Police surgeon)  
    Milton Parsons (Willie Rolf)  
    Joey Ray (Agent)  
    Bob Carson (Agent Agents)  
    John Pickard (Government agent)  
    Eddie Phillips (Government agent)  
    Joel Allen (Operative)  
    Claudia Barrett (Cashier)  
    Buddy Gorman (Vendor)  
    De Forrest Lawrence (Jim Donovan)  
    Garrett Craig (Ted Clark)  
    George Spaulding (Judge)  
    Sherry Hall (Clerk)  
    Harry Strang (Guard)  
    Jack Worth (Guard)  
    Bob Fowke (Guard)  
    Art Foster (Guard)  
    Arthur Miles (Guard)  
    Lee Phelps (Guard)  
    Ray Bennett (Guard)  
    Jim Thorpe (Guard)  
    Carl Harbough (Foreman)  
    Sid Melton (Russell Hughes)  
    Ralph Volkie (Lawyer)  
    Fern Eggen (Margaret Baxter)  
    Eddie Foster (Lefeld)  
    Perry Ivins (Prison doctor)  
    Larry McGrath (Clocker)  
    Herschel Dougherty (Policeman)  
    Grandon Rhodes (Psychiatrist)  
    John McGuire (Psychiatrist)  
    Nolan Leary (Attendant)  
    John Butler    

Summary: Ruthless killer Cody Jarrett and his gang rob a train in California. During the robbery, Cody kills the engineers, and as one of the bodies falls, it activates a steam valve, badly scalding gangster Zuckie Hommell. Together with Cody's mother and his sexy, double-dealing wife Verna, the gang hides out in the mountains. Ma lovingly fosters Cody's criminal career and is the only one who can ease the blinding headaches that periodically immobilize him. She is his ally against Big Ed Somers, who is waiting for a chance to take over the gang and get Verna for himself. Cody decides to take advantage of an approaching storm to leave the hideout. After promising to send a doctor back for Zuckie, Cody surreptitiously orders gang member Cotton Valleti to kill him. Cotton only pretends to do the deed, however, and leaves a pack of cigarettes behind with his friend. The later discovery of Zuckie's scalded and frozen body, together with Cotton's prints on the cigarette pack, provide the Treasury Department with enough clues to link the train robbery to Cody's gang. Treasury agents, led by Philip Evans, come close to catching Cody, but thanks to Ma's warning, the gang escapes. Cody now creates an alibi for the murderous train robbery, a federal offense, by confessing to a robbery in Illinois that took place at the same time. Although Evans is aware that Cody is lying, he cannot prove it, so he sends for undercover agent Hank Fallon. Under the name Vic Pardo, Hank is sent to jail, where he plans to get close to Cody. Meanwhile, Big Ed takes advantage of Cody's absence to take over the gang. At the prison, Hank saves Cody's life when Roy Parker, one of Big Ed's associates, tries to kill him. After she hears about the attempt, Ma reassures Cody that she will take care of Big Ed. Cody begs her not to try, and his fears for her safety bring on a headache. Hank helps Cody, the way Ma did, and that night Cody reveals that he plans to escape. Hank conveys the escape plans to an agent who is posing as his wife, but on the day of the break, a newly arrived inmate reveals that Ma is dead. Cody goes berserk in the prison mess hall and is taken to the dispensary. There, he uses a smuggled gun to take the doctor hostage and, together with Hank, Parker and two other convicts, makes his escape. Outside, Cody kills Parker and then heads for Bakersfield to avenge Ma's death. When Verna learns of Cody's escape, she tries to sneak away, but Cody is waiting for her. Although Verna killed Ma, she tells Cody that Big Ed shot her in the back and offers to show him how to sneak past Big Ed's defenses. Cody kills Big Ed and then he, Verna and Hank join the rest of the gang. Copying the gimmick of the Trojan Horse, Cody plans to rob a payroll by sneaking the gang into a company inside an oil tanker. Meanwhile, Hank tries to tip off the police. While pretending to fix Verna's radio, he rigs up a signal that will locate the truck for the agents and then leaves a message on a gas station washroom mirror. The police track the truck to an oil plant in San Pedro and surround the area. Cotton spots them at the same time that one of the gang recognizes Hank as an agent. Cody then takes Hank hostage, but he escapes when the police throw tear gas into the plant. During the ensuing gunfight, all the gangsters are killed except Cody, who climbs to the top of an oil tank. Now completely insane, Cody yells, "Made it Ma, top of the world!" before exploding the tank with his bullets. 

Production Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Brand Name: A Warner Bros.--First National Picture
Distribution Company: Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.  
Director: Raoul Walsh (Dir)
  Russell Saunders (Asst dir)
Producer: Louis F. Edelman (Prod)
Writer: Ivan Goff (Scr)
  Ben Roberts (Scr)
  Virginia Kellogg (Suggested by a story by)
Photography: Sid Hickox (Dir of photog)
Art Direction: Edward Carrere (Art dir)
Film Editor: Owen Marks (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Fred M. MacLean (Set dec)
Costumes: Leah Rhodes (Ward)
Music: Murray Cutter (Orch)
  Max Steiner (Mus)
Sound: Leslie G. Hewitt (Sd)
Special Effects: Roy Davidson (Spec eff dir)
  H. F. Koenekamp (Spec eff)
Make Up: Perc Westmore (Makeup artist)
Country: United States

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc. 28/11/1949 dd/mm/yyyy LP2638

Physical Properties: b&w:
  Sd: RCA Sound System

 
Genre: Drama
Sub-Genre: Crime
 
Subjects (Major): Criminals
  Insanity
  Mothers and sons
  Oedipal complexes
  Undercover agents
 
Subjects (Minor): Betrayal
  California
  Deafness
  Escapes
  Headaches
  Hideouts
  Hostages
  Infidelity
  Murder
  Oil refineries
  Police
  Prisons
  Robbery
  Suicide
  Tear gas
  United States. Treasury Department
  Wives

Note: According to a 25 May 1949 HR news item, the film's final shootout was filmed at the wartime Shell Oil plant at 198th and Figueroa in San Pedro, CA. Modern sources add the following information about the production: The opening scenes were filmed in the Santa Susana Mountains near Chatsworth, CA. Jack Warner believed that the scene in which "Cody Jarrett" goes berserk in the mess hall after learning of the death of his mother would be too expensive to film and asked director Raoul Walsh to film it in a chapel instead. Walsh, however, realized the dramatic potential of the scene and assuaged Warner's budgetary concerns by shooting it in three hours. Virginia Kellogg's story won an Oscar nomination for Best Writing. White Heat marked the feature film debut of popular character actor Ford Rainey (1908--2005).
       This film was James Cagney's first gangster film since the 1939 Roaring Twenties , directed by Raoul Walsh (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40 ; F3:3801). Cody's shout on top of the oil tank in the film's climax, "Made it Ma, top of the world!", has entered the popular lexicon. A 1958 television remake of the film, starring Dolores Donlon, was planned, but its production has not been confirmed. Modern sources add Clarence Hennecke to the cast. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   27 Aug 1949.   
Daily Variety   25 Aug 49   p. 3.
Film Daily   26 Aug 49   p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter   6 May 49   p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter   25 May 49   p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter   3 Jun 49   p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter   17 Jun 49   p. 17.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Aug 49   p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   27 Aug 49   p. 4729.
New York Times   3 Sep 49   p. 7.
Variety   31 Aug 49   p. 8.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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