AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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The Secret Land
Release Date:   22 Oct 1948
Duration (in mins):   71-72
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Cast:   Comdr. Robert Montgomery U.S.N.R. (Narration)  
    Lt. Robert Taylor U.S.N.R. (Narration)  
    Lt. Van Heflin A.A.F.R. (Narration)  

Summary: In 1946, the U.S. Navy launches "Operation Highjump" to explore and map the Antarctic region and, in the process, test men, ships and equipment against the harsh climate. Chester W. Nimitz, Chief of Naval Operations, directs the expedition. Three groups make up the expedition: The central land-plane group, headed by Rear-Admiral Richard E. Byrd, will explore and map the interior from a base in Little America, while two other groups will explore and map the eastern and western coasts. The teams must finish their work before the end of the brief Antarctic summer. In addition to scientific equipment and other supplies, the ships carry sled dogs to provide land transportation. At the equator, men and dogs who have never crossed the equator are initiated in humorous King Neptune ceremonies. When strong storms hit the ships in the southern hemisphere, many sailors are injured and several seaplanes are lost. The rough seas prevent the central group from landing at Scott Island, but despite this setback, the men onboard celebrate Christmas with a traditional dinner and gifts. The central group now depends on an icebreaker to cut a path through the ice pack in the Ross Sea to the Bay of Whales and the base at Little America on the Ross Ice Shelf. Meanwhile, the western group has reached Peter Island. From there, seaplanes scout the coast, where they find explorer Robert Scott's former camp. The progress of the central group is hampered by ice, and the submarine accompanying the ships is caught between two ice flows. The icebreaker returns to free the submarine, which is sent home. While the western group waits for the icebreaker's return, they observe and capture for further study penguins, seals and other Antarctic wildlife. When the central group reaches Little America, the explorers unload their equipment and, making use of the twenty-four-hour summer daylight, quickly build a tent city and airstrips. Admiral Byrd flies in on the first airplane, which lands perfectly, but the remaining planes must take off at night in order to beat an approaching storm. After the blizzard clears, ice is cleaned off the planes, and a man crawls down a shaft to an earlier base buried under the snow. The cold, dry air of Antarctica has perfectly preserved the supplies that were left behind. While mapping expeditions fly over the land, divers test cold-water survival suits in the frigid ocean. On flights from their base in the Bellany Islands, the eastern group spots Mt. Aramis, the only active volcano near the South pole, and near the Shakleton Ice Shelf, the explorers discover 500 miles of snowless land heated by warm water lakes, which they name Bunger's Oasis. The short summer is ending, and the fleet near Little America is becoming frozen in the ice. After the fleet is freed by an icebreaker, it departs, leaving behind Byrd and some volunteers to continue explorations by air. During the eastern group's mapping of the Phantom Coast, mountains made of coal are discovered. A crew is lost during one flight, and after a search of two weeks, the survivors are found. Three men die in the crash and one, badly burned, loses his legs to frostbite. The icebreaker returns to pick up Byrd and his men, and the successful expedition returns home, having learned much about this largely unknown territory. 

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp. (Loew's Inc.)
Distribution Company: Loew's Inc.  
Producer: Orville O. Dull (Prod)
Writer: Capt. Harvey S. Haislip U.S.N. (Ret.) (Commentary wrt by)
  Comdr. William C. Park U.S.N.R. (Commentary wrt by)
Photography: Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and Army cameramen (Photog)
Film Editor: Comdr. Frederick Y. Smith U.S.N.R. (Film ed)
Music: Bronislau Kaper (Mus score)
Sound: Douglas Shearer (Rec dir)
Animation: Fred Quimby (Anim)
Country: United States

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number Passed By NBR:
Loew's Inc. 24/8/1948 dd/mm/yyyy LP1807 Yes

PCA NO: 13107
Physical Properties: col: Technicolor
  Sd: Western Electric Sound System

Genre: Documentary
Subjects (Major): Antarctic regions
  United States. Army
  United States. Coast Guard
  United States. Navy
  United States. Marine Corps
Subjects (Minor): Airplane accidents
  Air pilots
  Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd
  Ice floes
  Ross Ice Barrier (Antarctica)
  Seals (Animals)

Note: The film begins with the following written foreword: "We gratefully acknowledge our indebtedness to the U.S. Navy which made possible the presentation of this authentic film of the Navy's recent expedition 'Operation Highjump' to the Secret Land of Antarctica." The narration notes that the sequence of events as portrayed in the film was slightly rearranged for clarity. A Dec 1947 HR item indicates M-G-M cartoonist Fred Quimby directed the creation of animated maps and charts for "explanatory sequences" in the picture. According to an article in The New Statesman and Nation , Admiral Byrd's fourth Antartic expedition involved thirteen vessels, 4,000 men and 50 cameras. This film won an Academy Award for Best Documentary. 

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Box Office   28 Aug 1948.   
Daily Variety   25 Aug 48   p. 4.
Film Daily   9 Sep 48   p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter   10 Dec 47   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   25 Aug 48   p. 6.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest   28 Aug 48   pp. 4289-90.
The New Statesman and Nation   5 Mar 1949.   
New York Times   2 Dec 48   p. 39.
Variety   1 Sep 48   p. 14.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
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