AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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How the West Was Won
Director: John Ford () (Dir--"the civil war")
Release Date:   1963
Premiere Information:   Los Angeles opening: 20 Feb 1963
Duration (in mins):   155
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Cast:   Spencer Tracy (Narrator)  
    Carroll Baker (Eve Prescott)  
    Lee J. Cobb (Lou Ramsey)  
    Henry Fonda (Jethro Stuart)  
    Carolyn Jones (Julie Rawlings)  
    Karl Malden (Zebulon Prescott)  
    Gregory Peck (Cleve Van Valen)  
    George Peppard (Zeb Rawlings)  
    Robert Preston (Roger Morgan)  
    Debbie Reynolds (Lilith Prescott)  
    James Stewart (Linus Rawlings)  
    Eli Wallach (Charlie Gant)  
    John Wayne (Gen. William T. Sherman)  
    Richard Widmark (Mike King)  
    Brigid Bazlen (Dora Hawkins)  
    Walter Brennan (Colonel Hawkins)  
    David Brian (Attorney)  
    Andy Devine (Corporal Peterson)  
    Raymond Massey (Abraham Lincoln)  
    Agnes Moorehead (Rebecca Prescott)  
    Harry Morgan (Gen. Ulysses S. Grant)  
    Thelma Ritter (Agatha Clegg)  
    Mickey Shaughnessy (Deputy marshal)  
    Russ Tamblyn (Reb soldier)  
    Tudor Owen (Scotsman)  
    Barry Harvey    
    Jamie Ross (His sons)  
    Willis Bouchey (Surgeon)  
    Kimm Charney (Sam Prescott)  
    Bryan Russell (Zeke Prescott)  
    Claude Johnson (Jeremiah Rawlings)  
    Jerry Holmes (Railroad clerk)  
    Rudolph Acosta (Desperado)  
    Chief Weasel    
    Red Cloud    
    Ben Black Elk (Indians)  
    Mark Allen (Colin)  
    Lee Van Cleef (Marty)  
    Charles Briggs (Barker)  
    Jay C. Flippen (Huggins)  
    Clinton Sundberg (Hylan Seabury)  
    James Griffith    
    Walter Burke (Gamblers)  
    Joe Sawyer (Ship's officer)  
    John Larch (Grimes)  
    Jack Pennick (Corporal Murphy)  
    Craig Duncan (James Marshall)  

Summary: A 5-part saga beginning with THE RIVERS: In 1829, Zebulon Prescott takes his wife Rebecca and their two young sons and two daughters away from their New England farm and heads west on a raft down the Ohio River to seek new opportunities and find husbands for the girls, Eve and Lil. One night a stranger in a canoe approaches the family's campsite; at first they suspect him of being a river pirate, but he turns out to be congenial fur trapper Linus Rawlings, who impresses the Prescott boys with tall tales of legendary mountain man Jim Bridger. Eve is also taken with Linus, but the noncommittal backwoodsman leaves abruptly one morning. Linus interrupts his journey to stop at a tavern-general store operated in a cave by river pirate Colonel Hawkins, whose alluring young daughter, Dora, clubs Linus on the head and throws him into a pit in the back of the cave. Soon the Prescotts happen by and are in the midst of being robbed by the murderous Hawkins clan when Linus, who has swum outside to the river through an opening in the pit, sneaks up behind the thieves and saves the settlers with the help of some explosives. As the Prescotts continue their journey by raft, they are swept away by rapids; Zebulon and Rebecca drown; and Linus, having seen Eve survive danger twice, decides at the funeral to marry her and settle by her parents' gravesite. Lil, meanwhile, decides to go to St. Louis. THE PLAINS: Gambler Cleve Van Valen and his cronies watch Lil Prescott's dance hall act and make a wager as to how many petticoats she is wearing. Cleve goes backstage to her dressing room to obtain firsthand proof and overhears that Lil has just inherited a gold mine in California from an elderly admirer. Heavily in debt, Cleve decides to follow Lil out West in hopes of obtaining some of her revenue; along the way she falls in love with him and refuses the marriage proposal of wagon master Roger Morgan. After surviving an Indian attack, Lil and Cleve arrive in California, only to learn that the mine is worthless. The news temporarily halts Cleve's courtship, but they eventually marry after all and decide to settle in the new boomtown of San Francisco. THE CIVIL WAR: Eve, who has lost Linus to battle, watches their son, Zeb, leave home to join the Union Army. Once in combat, Zeb finds that war is not as glorious as he was led to believe, and at the Battle of Shiloh he meets a Confederate deserter who is similarly disillusioned. Together they witness an intimate conversation between Generals Sherman and Grant, in which the latter expresses concern about public criticism of his drinking. The Confederate soldier suddenly tries to assassinate the generals, and Zeb is forced to kill his new friend. After the war, he returns home to find that his mother has died; he joins the U. S. Cavalry to protect railroad workers from the Indians. THE RAILROAD: Aided by Jethro Stuart, a grizzled buffalo hunter, Zeb manages to keep peace with the Indians until ruthless foreman Mike King demands that the railroad break a treaty and take a shortcut through Indian land. Consequently, the Indians stampede the buffalo, and the animals destroy the camp, leaving several children orphaned. Angered that he has unwittingly been involved in the tragedy, Zeb resigns and goes to Arizona. THE OUTLAWS: Now a marshal in the 1880's, Zeb, his wife, Julie, and their children are visited by Lil, widowed and somewhat impoverished after a life of intermittent luxury with Cleve. Meanwhile, Zeb learns that an old enemy, Charlie Gant, is planning with his gang to rob a train carrying a gold shipment. Julie begs him not to go after Gant, but Zeb, who is anxious to send the outlaw to jail, is adamant. A furious gunfight takes place on the runaway train, during which the chains on the log car break and scatter logs across the countryside. Zeb barely escapes death, and the entire train derails, but Zeb nevertheless slays his adversary and returns to his family. 

Production Company: Cinerama, Inc.  
  Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc.  
Director: John Ford (Dir--"the civil war")
  George Marshall (Dir--"the railroad")
  Henry Hathaway (Dir--"the rivers," "the plains," "the outlaws")
  George Marshall Jr. (Asst dir)
  William McGarry (Asst dir)
  Robert Saunders (Asst dir)
  Wingate Smith (Asst dir)
  William Shanks (Asst dir)
Producer: Bernard Smith (Prod)
Writer: James R. Webb (Scr)
Photography: William H. Daniels (Dir of photog)
  Milton Krasner (Dir of photog)
  Charles Lang Jr. (Dir of photog)
  Joseph LaShelle (Dir of photog)
  Harold E. Wellman (2nd unit photog)
  Charles K. Hagedon (Col cons)
Art Direction: George W. Davis (Art dir)
  William Ferrari (Art dir)
  Addison Hehr (Art dir)
Film Editor: Harold F. Kress (Film ed)
Set Decoration: Henry Grace (Set dec)
  Don Greenwood Jr. (Set dec)
  Jack Mills (Set dec)
Costumes: Walter Plunkett (Cost)
Music: Alfred Newman (Mus)
  Ken Darby (Mus assoc)
  Robert Emmett Dolan (Mus coordinator)
Sound: Franklin Milton (Sd supv)
  Fred Bosch (Sd cons)
  Ray Sharples (Sd cons)
Special Effects: A. Arnold Gillespie (Spec visual eff)
  Robert R. Hoag (Spec visual eff)
Make Up: William Tuttle (Makeup created by)
  Sydney Guilaroff (Hairstyles)
Production Misc: Thomas Conroy (Prod supv for cinerama)
Country: United States

Songs: "Home in the Meadow," music undetermined, lyrics by Sammy Cahn; "Raise a Ruckus," "Wait for the Hoedown" and "What Was Your Name in the States?" music undetermined, lyrics by Johnny Mercer; "How the West Was Won," music and lyrics by Alfred Newman and Ken Darby; additional folk songs, composers undetermined, sung by Dave Guard and the Whiskeyhill Singers.
Composer: Sammy Cahn
  Ken Darby
  Johnny Mercer
  Alfred Newman
Source Text: Based on the series of articles "How the West Was Won" in Life (6 Apr--18 May 1959).

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. 31/12/1962 dd/mm/yyyy LP26268

Physical Properties: col: Metrocolor
  Sd: Westrex
  gauge: 3x35
  Widescreen/ratio: Cinerama

 
Genre: Western
Sub-Genre: with songs
 
Subjects (Major): Arizona
  Assassination
  Aunts
  Boomtowns
  James Bridger
  Buffalo
  California
  Caves
  Construction foremen
  Dance hall girls
  Debt
  Desertion, Military
  Drunkenness
  Employer-employee relations
  Entertainers
  Explosions
  Family life
  Farmers
  Fortune hunters
  Frontier and pioneer life
  Funerals
  Gamblers
  General stores
  Gold mines
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Hunters
  Indians of North America
  Inheritance
  Abraham Lincoln
  Marriage
  Missouri
  Murder
  New England
  Ohio River
  Outlaws
  Pirates
  Rafts
  Railroads
  Robbery
  St. Louis (MO)
  Saloons
  San Francisco (CA)
  Settlers
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Sisters
  Stampedes
  Train robberies
  Train wrecks
  Trains
  Trappers
  Treaties
  United States. Army. Cavalry
  United States. Marshals
  United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  Wagers
  Wagon masters
  Wagon trains
  Widows

Note: Location scenes filmed at Battery Rock along the Ohio River in Illinois; Courthouse Mountain in the Pinnacles National Monument, California; Chimney Rock in the Colorado Rockies; Monument Valley on the Arizona-Utah border; the countryside around Paducah, Kentucky; Custer State Park, South Dakota; and in Uncompaghre (Colorado), Tonto (Arizona) and Inyo (California-Nevada) National Forests. Opened in London 1 Nov 1962. Also reviewed at 162 and 165 min; copyright length: 149 min. The final scene in the Cinerama version, a panoramic helicopter view of modern-day America, was omitted from the film in its general release version. The non-roadshow version was released in 35mm CinemaScope. 

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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