AFI Catalog of Feature Films
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Our Daily Bread
Alternate Title: The Miracle of Life
Director: King Vidor (Dir)
Release Date:   28 Sep 1934
Production Date:   2 Apr--early May 1934 at United Artists Studios
Duration (in mins):   80
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Cast:   Karen Morley (Mary Sims)  
    Tom Keene (John Sims)  
    Barbara Pepper (Sally)  
    Addison Richards (Louie [Fuente, alias of Harry J. Parkman])  
    John Qualen (Chris [Larsen])  
    Lloyd Ingraham (Uncle Anthony)  
    Sidney Bracey (Rent collector)  
    Henry Hall (Carpenter)  
    Nellie V. Nichols (Cohen's wife)  
    Frank Minor (Plumber)  
    Bud Rae (Stone mason)  
    Harry Brown (Little man)  
    Madame Bonita (Mother)  
    Harold Berquist (Father)  
    Marion Ballou (Old lady)  
    Alma Ferns (Mrs. Larsen)  
    Three Milsfield children (Larsen children)  
    Lionel Backus (Barber)  
    Harris Gordon (Cigar salesman)  
    Bill Engle (A. Cohen)  
    Frank Hammond (Undertaker)  
    Lynton Brent (Bully)  
    Harry Bradley (Professor)  
    Captain C. E. Anderson (Blacksmith)  
    Harrison Greene (Sheriff)  
    Cy Clegg (Lawyer)  
    Ray Spiker (Tough guy)  
    Eddie Baker (Deputy sheriff)  
    Harry Barnard (Chief)  
    Doris Kemper (First gossiping woman)  
    Florence Enright (Second gossiping woman)  
    Harry Semels (Italian shoemaker)  
    Sidney Miller (Jewish boy)  
    Alex Schumberg (Violinist)  
    Bob Reeves (George Hannibal)  
    Edward Peil Sr. (Powerhouse man)  
    Jack Baldwin (Motorcyclist)  
    Mary Gordon (Woman in cottage)  
    Tommy Bupp (Boy at barbeque)  
    Clarence Geldert    

Summary: Overwhelmed by bill collectors, Mary Sims and her unemployed husband John eagerly accept the proposal of Mary's uncle Anthony to move from the city and farm a tract of fallow land on which Anthony has been paying mortgage. Soon after the young New Yorkers arrive at the ramshackled farm, however, they realize that, their enthusiasm not withstanding, they are ill-equipped to restore the barren land. Consequently, when Chris Larsen, a dispossessed, Swedish farmer from Minnesota, is stopped alongside the Sims's field with a flat tire, John suggests that, in exchange for his farming expertise, he and his family live on his land and share in the farm's output. After Chris accepts the offer, John is seized with an idea that other unemployed but skilled men could benefit the farm effort and, the next day, puts signs along the highway advertising work for ten men with trades. To his surprise, the signs bring in dozens of men and their families, all of whom beg John for a chance to work hard. Although only some of the men have labor skills, John accepts every one into the group, and after all the families agree to pool their meager resources, the group, which includes a Jewish and an Italian family, elects John "boss" of the operation. Working together as a collective, the men till the land and plant corn seeds, while the women make homes out of hand-built shacks. Eventually, corn seedlings sprout, and a baby boy is born to the Jewish family. However, the joy of the collective is soon tempered by the realization that, because no mortgage payments have been made on the land, the farm is to be auctioned by the county sheriff. At the auction, the potential buyers are intimidated into silence by the group, and the sheriff is forced to sell the farm for $1.85 to a member of the collective. Soon after, Sally, a tough-talking platinum blonde, drives up to the farm during a rainstorm and, when she learns that her drunken male companion has just died, accepts Mary's offer to stay. As Mary grapples with the growing food shortage, Sally begins to flirt with John and ignores the warnings of the taciturn but loyal Louie Fuente to leave John alone. When the food shortage nears the crisis point, Louie goes to Chris and, after showing him a poster that identifies him as a fugitive, offers to turn himself in for the $500 reward. Although Chris refuses to help Louie, Sally agrees to pose as Mary in town and collect the reward money. After Sally returns to the farm with the money, John arranges for the group lawyer to plead Louie's case in court. Assured that Louie will serve a minimum sentence, the group spends the reward money, and the hunger crisis passes. Soon, however, the corn is plagued by drought, and total crop failure appears imminent. As the dry days drag on, the community falls into despair, and John is filled with self-doubt. When Mary hears John talk scathingly about the farm, she suspects Sally is behind his unhappiness and confronts her rival directly. Sally confesses to loving John and threatens to leave the farm with him in tow. Unable to resist Sally's seductive pull, John sneaks away with her the next night, but is soon stopped on the road by a vision of Louie. With Louie's disapproving face still lingering in his mind, John notices that the local power plant has resumed operation and has filled a nearby stream with water run-off. Inspired with an idea, John dumps Sally and rushes back to the farm. After gathering the disillusioned group together, John proposes that, if they work day and night, they can build a trench from the stream and divert enough water to save the corn. Although skeptical at first, the group pledges to make the effort, and after two backbreaking days, the trench is built and the crops are salvaged. As water rushes into the parched corn field, a reunited John and Mary embrace. 

Production Company: Viking Productions, Inc.  
Distribution Company: United Artists Corp.  
Director: King Vidor (Dir)
  Mortimer Offner (Dial dir)
  Ralph Slosser (Asst dir)
Writer: King Vidor (Story)
  Elizabeth Hill (Scenario)
  Joseph Mankiewicz (Dial)
Photography: Robert Planck (Photog)
  Reggie Lanning (2d cam)
Film Editor: Lloyd Nosler (Film ed)
Sound: Vinton Vernon (Rec)
  Russell Hanson (Sd eng)
Production Misc: Lloyd Brierly (Tech dir)
  Vernon Keays (Prod mgr)
  Ray Hanson (Casting)
  Otho Wilhite (Agricultural adv)
  Madison Lacey (Still photog)
Country: United States

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Viking Productions, Inc. 28/9/1934 dd/mm/yyyy LP5019

PCA NO: 59
Physical Properties: b&w:
  Sd: Western Electric Sound System

 
Genre: Drama
Sub-Genre: Social
 
Subjects (Major): Agriculture, Cooperative
  Farms
  Infidelity
  Self-sacrifice
  Unemployment
 
Subjects (Minor): Auctions
  Childbirth
  Corn
  Droughts
  Food
  Fugitives
  Hunger
  Italian Americans
  Jews
  Lawyers
  Mortgages
  Rainstorms
  Rewards
  Rivers
  Sheriffs
  Swedish Americans
  Visions

Note: The title frame of the viewed print included the qualifier: "Inspired by the Headlines of Today." Director King Vidor describes the genesis of the picture in his autobiography: "I wanted to take my two protagonists out of The Crowd [a 1928 silent film directed by Vidor] and follow them through the struggles of a typical young American couple in this most difficult period [the Depression]. I started by clipping every article relating to the subject from the local newspapers. Then I read a short article by a college professor in Reader's Digest . It proposed the organization of co-operatives as a solution to the unemployment problem." (According to a publicity item included in the copyright records, the article was titled "The Agricultural Army.") Not under contract to any studio, Vidor first took his idea to Irving G. Thalberg at M-G-M, according to Vidor's autobiography, and although Thalberg was enthusiastic about the concept, he was unable to sell it to his studio and told Vidor that it was not "an appropriate subject for M-G-M." Vidor says: "The fact that my characters were unemployed and down to their last few pennies seemed to scare the studios. They seemed intrigued by the story...but all the major companies were afraid to make a film without glamor, even though admitting that the struggle depicted was a heroic one."
       Modern sources and Vidor's autobiography describe how the production progressed: In the summer of 1933, Vidor took his idea to Merian C. Cooper at RKO Radio Pictures and offered to forego his directorial salary in exchange for a production deal. Cooper was more than agreeable and instructed RKO's legal department to draw up a one-picture contract in which Vidor would receive $25,000 in advance against a 50% equity in the gross receipts after double negative costs. In exchange, Vidor was expected to post a $50,000 bond for the any production cost over the studio's $250,000 budget. While his contract was being written, Vidor and his wife, screenwriter Elizabeth Hill, began working on a script based on the articles. RKO hired various writers, including John Bright, a Chicago journalist and screenwriter, to assist them. Bright contributed the character of "Sally" to the story. In addition, Vidor's good friend, Charlie Chaplin, offered story suggestions. (According to NYT review, Vidor got the idea for the character of "Louie" from Chaplin.) By the end of Nov 1933, however, RKO's New York legal department concluded that because the terms of Vidor's contract could result in the director earning more profits than the studio, the deal was untenable. For the next few months, Cooper fought the decision of the New York office but got nowhere. Finally, after being turned down by all the major studios, Vidor decided to finance the picture himself and formed Viking Productions on 9 Feb 1934, with himself as president and sole stockholder.
       Before any banks would lend him production money, however, Vidor had to find a distributor. He appealed to Chaplin, one of the owners of United Artists, for support. Although with Chaplin's help, Vidor secured a tentative releasing agreement with United Artists, he still was unable to get a bank loan because "when a banker reads a script in which a bank forces a sheriff to make a foreclosure sale which a disreputable-looking group of neighbors won't permit, he doesn't feel kindly toward your venture."
       Despite his lack of financial backing, Vidor started production work in mid-Mar 1934 and advanced $89,628 of his own money to the effort. According to a mid-Mar 1934 HR news item, Vidor moved his cast and crew from General Studios, where he had preparing for two months, to United Artists' Studios. To save money on location shooting, Vidor rented part of an abandonded golf course in Tarzana, near Los Angeles, and erected tents to house the cast and crew. According to copyright materials, some of the farm scenes in the film were shot at Edgar Rice Burrough's 160-acre ranch, "Tarzana." Several weeks into filming, Vidor finally received a $125,000 loan from Bank of America, with the proviso that he mortgage his remaining assets.
       Because he saw the picture as a continuation of The Crowd , Vidor's first impulse was to cast James Murray, the star of The Crowd , in the lead. However, when he discovered that Murray had slipped deeply into alcoholism, he gave up on the idea and cast Tom Keene, an actor he thought resembled Murray. In addition to choosing a Murray look-alike, Vidor also gave Keene's and Karen Morley's characters the same first names as their equivalents in The Crowd . According to a Feb 1934 HR news item, Arline Judge was under consideration for a role in the film. Modern sources claim that Adele Thomas also was tested for a role. HR production charts include Henry Burroughs in the cast, but his participation in the final film has not been confirmed. Although Harry Holman is credited in many contemporary and modern sources as playing the part of "Uncle Anthony," Lloyd Ingraham actually appeared in the role.
       In his autobiography, Vidor describes his technique for shooting the final ditch digging sequence: "We dispensed with all sound-recording equipment and used instead a metronome and a bass drum. The picks came down on the counts of one and three, the shovels scooped dirt on count two and tossed it on four. Each scene was enacted in strict 4/4 time with the metronome's speed gradually increasing on each cut. When the increased speed of the metronome resounding through the bass drum had driven the diggers to their most feverish pitch, we then resorted to decreasing the camera speed gradually, which in turn further increased the tempo of the workers." This sequence took ten days to stage and photograph. When the production ran over schedule, somes scenes were changed to cut costs. The total cost of filming was a modest $102,811, and the negative cost was $150,339. Vidor recalls that he eventually recouped his initial investment but never made significant money on the picture. A late May 1934 HR news item claimed that Vidor hired a 35-person "synchronizing and editing staff" and spread them over a 24-hour work schedule in order to ready the film for its release.
       A 1 Aug 1934 FD news item notes that the picture had its premiere in Chicago at the "Century of Progress" exhibition. The opening was attended by 15,000 people, including international celebrities, area civic and industrial leaders, newspapermen and the governors of Illinois, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Rhode Island, Vermont and South Carolina. In early Oct 1934, the picture had a special White House screening, which President Roosevelt attended, according to FD . The DV running time of ninety minutes suggests that the film was cut by at least ten minutes before its general release. It is possible that some of the above-listed supporting actors were cut from the final film.
       According to Vidor's autobiography, the film won second prize in the annual film exhibition in Moscow, and also won a League of Nations award "for its contribution to humanity." In 1935, the film was distributed under the title The Miracle of Life , according to AMPAS records. Although United Artists distributed the film in its initial release, Astor Pictures Corp., which was credited on the viewed film, eventually took over distribution. Modern sources note that Astor sold the picture as an exploitation film and retitled it Hell's Crossroads

Bibliographic Sources:   Date   Page
Daily Variety   2 Apr 34   p. 4.
Daily Variety   2 Jul 34   p. 3.
Film Daily   1 Aug 34   p. 2.
Film Daily   8 Aug 34   p. 7.
Film Daily   2 Oct 34   p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter   24 Feb 34   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   13 Mar 34   p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter   19 Mar 34   p.
Hollywood Reporter   2 May 34   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   24 May 34   p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter   2 Jul 34   p. 3.
International Photographer   May 34   p. 16.
Motion Picture Daily   Jul 34   p. 7.
Motion Picture Herald   19 May 34   p. 61.
Motion Picture Herald   18 Aug 34   p. 38.
New York Times   3 Oct 34   p. 25.
Variety   9 Oct 34   p. 18.

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.
 
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