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Judgment at Nuremberg
Director: Stanley Kramer (Dir)
Release Date:   19 Dec 1961
Premiere Information:   World premiere: 14 Dec 1961, Berlin, Germany; New York opening: 19 Dec 1961
Duration (in mins):   190
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Cast:   Spencer Tracy (Judge Dan Haywood)  
    Burt Lancaster (Ernst Janning)  
    Richard Widmark (Col. Tad Lawson)  
    Marlene Dietrich (Madame Bertholt)  
    Maximilian Schell (Hans Rolfe)  
    Judy Garland (Irene Hoffman)  
    Montgomery Clift (Rudolf Petersen)  
    William Shatner (Captain Byers)  
    Edward Binns (Senator Burkette)  
    Kenneth MacKenna (Judge Kenneth Norris)  
    Joseph Bernard (Maj. Abe Radnitz)  
    Werner Klemperer (Emil Hahn)  
    Torben Meyer (Werner Lammpe)  
    Alan Baxter (General Merrin)  
    Virginia Christine (Mrs. Halbestadt)  
    Otto Waldis (Pohl)  
    Karl Swenson (Dr. Geuter)  
    Ray Teal (Judge Curtiss Ives)  
    Ben Wright (Halbestadt)  
    Olga Fabian (Mrs. Lindnow)  
    Martin Brandt (Friedrich Hofstetter)  
    John Wengraf (Dr. Wieck)  
    Howard Caine (Wallner)  
    Paul Busch (Schmidt)  
    Bernard Kates (Perkins)  
    Sheila Bromley (Mrs. Ives)  
    Jana Taylor (Elsa Scheffler)  

Summary: In 1948 Dan Haywood, an American judge recently defeated for reelection in Maine, arrives in Nuremberg to preside over the trial of several German judges accused of destroying law and justice to support Hitler's infamous mandates which took the lives of 6 million innocent people. From the moment the prosecuting attorney, Col. Tad Lawson, makes his emotion-packed opening statements, it is obvious that he is determined to obtain the maximum punishment for the judges. The defense lawyer, Hans Rolfe, counters by charging that if these men are guilty because they upheld the laws of their country, then all of Germany must be tried. To support his accusations of inhuman actions, Lawson offers the testimony of Rudolf Petersen, a victim of sterilization who, it develops, was castrated because of mental incompetence. During the long weeks of the trial, Haywood wanders about the city trying to "understand" the German people, trying to determine if they really understood what Hitler stood for. In particular, Haywood often chats with the aristocratic Madame Bertholt, the widow of a German general executed after the earlier war crimes trials. The proceedings reach a climax when a woman named Irene Hoffman is called to the stand. When she testifies that a former friend, an aged Jew, was falsely accused of being intimate with her (thereby "polluting the Aryan race") and then executed, Rolfe tries to break down her story by frantically accusing her of distorting the truth. As the distraught woman breaks into hysterical denials, one of the accused, Ernst Janning, interrupts the hearings and asks to make a statement. Throughout the trial he has remained silent, but he now voluntarily takes the stand and admits to being guilty of both ignoring and rationalizing the inhuman Nazi acts because he felt they were for the ultimate good of the country. As Haywood and his two associate judges ponder their decisions, the news that Russia has blockaded Berlin prompts military officials to hint that lenient judgments might be wise--and expedient. But Haywood, determined to stand for "justice, truth, and the value of a single human being," refuses to compromise, and he sentences the defendants to life imprisonment. The defiant Rolfe sneers that in 5 years the convicted men will be free. 

Production Company: Roxlom Films  
Distribution Company: United Artists  
Director: Stanley Kramer (Dir)
Producer: Stanley Kramer (Pres)
  Stanley Kramer (Prod)
  Philip Langner (Assoc prod)
Writer: Abby Mann (Scr)
Photography: Ernest Laszlo (Dir of photog)
  Charles Wheeler (Cam op)
  Don Carstensen (Gaffer)
  Morris Rosen (Company grip)
Art Direction: Rudolph Sternad (Prod des)
Film Editor: Frederic Knudtson (Film ed)
Set Decoration: George Milo (Set dec)
  Art Cole (Prop master)
Costumes: Jean Louis (Miss Dietrich's gowns)
  Joe King (Cost)
Music: Ernest Gold (Mus)
Sound: James Speak (Sd eng)
  Walter Elliott (Sd ed)
  Art Dunham (Music ed)
Special Effects: Pacific Title (Opticals)
  Pacific Title (Titles)
Make Up: Robert J. Schiffer (Makeup)
Production Misc: Ivan Volkman (Asst to the dir)
  Clem Beauchamp (Prod mgr)
  Marshall Schlom (Scr supv)
  Stalmaster-Lister Co. (Casting)
  Richard Richtsfeld (The German crew)
  L. Ostermeier (The German crew)
  Lyn Hannes (The German crew)
  Pia Arnold (The German crew)
  Albrecht Hennings (The German crew)
  Laci von Ronay (The German crew)
  Hubert Karl (The German crew)
  Egon Haedler (The German crew)
  Frank Winterstein (The German crew)
  Richard Eglseder (The German crew)
  Mannelore Winterfeld (The German crew)
Country: United States
Language: English

Songs: "Lili Marlene," words and music by Norbert Schultze, Hans Leip and Thomas Connor; "Liebeslied," words and music by Ernest Gold and Alfred Perry.
Composer: Thomas Connor
  Ernest Gold
  Hans Leip
  Alfred Perry
  Norbert Schultze
Source Text: Based on the teleplay "Judgment at Nuremberg" by Abby Mann on Playhouse 90 (CBS, 16 Apr 1959).
Authors: Abby Mann

Copyright Claimant Copyright Date Copyright Number
Roxlom Films 14/12/1961 dd/mm/yyyy LP21850

Physical Properties: b&w:
  Sd: Westrex

Genre: Drama
Subjects (Major): Berlin Blockade 1948--49
  Concentration camps
  Germany--History--Third Reich
  International Military Tribunal
  Nüremberg (Germany)
  Sterilization (sexual)
  War crimes
  World War II

Note: Locations filmed in Germany. Actual footage of concentration camps is used. 

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