Film Details



THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
Release Date: 1956
Duration (in mins): 219
Cast:
Charlton Heston (Moses)
Yul Brynner (Rameses [II])
Anne Baxter (Nefretiri)
Edward G. Robinson (Dathan)
Yvonne De Carlo (Sephora)
Debra Paget (Lilia)
John Derek (Joshua)
Cedric Hardwicke (Sethi)
Nina Foch (Bithiah)
Martha Scott (Yochabel)
Mary Elizabeth Forbes (Hebrew woman/Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Dehl Berti (Architect's assistant)
Arthur Robert Kendall (Architect's assistant)
Linda Sue Brown (Girl with doll)
Richard Bender (Granary child/Child slave)
Butch Bernard (Granary child)
Patricia Iannone (Granary child)
Marilyn Winston (Granary child)
Marc Bender (Child slave)
Kathy Garver (Child slave)
Judith Anderson (Memnet)
Marlee Sue Regen (Child slave)
Don Bender (Young boy)
Rickey McGough (Boy)
Lillian Buyeff (Mother)
Jaclynne Greene (Mother)
Babs Christie (Jethro's daughter)
Ed Hinton (Taskmaster/Flagman)
Roger Creed (Taskmaster/Slave/Baka guard)
Larry Chance (Taskmaster in brick pits)
Henry Escalante (Taskmaster/Palace guard)
Vincent Price (Baka)
Fred Coby (Taskmaster/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Fred Zendar (Taskmaster/Slave)
Abdullah Abbas (Taskmaster)
Michael Ansara (Taskmaster)
Joel Ashley (Taskmaster)
Bob Lavarre (Taskmaster)
Emily Getchell (Old Hebrew woman at Moses' house)
Elizabeth Cloud Miller (Old Hebrew woman at Moses' house)
Luis Alberni (Old Hebrew at Moses' house)
Barbara Aler (Lady from Edon/Priestess/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
John Carradine (Aaron)
Kiyo Cuddy (Priestess)
Ted Allan (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Frank Fayad (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Terence de Marney (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Frank Leyva (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Ric Roman (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Patricia Turner (Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Arthur Batanides (Hebrew at Rameses' gate/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Patti Ballon (Hebrew girl at Rameses' gate)
Andy Glick (Hebrew boy at Rameses' gate)
Olive Deering (Miriam)
Gorgen Raymond Aghayan (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
James Davies (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Tony Louis (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Joan Warner (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Carol LeVeque (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Mary Ann Griggs (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Lorna Jordan (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
George Alexander Khoury (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Frank S. Hagney (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Jacqueline Park (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Douglass Dumbrille (Jannes)
Mary Ellen Popel (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Elizabeth Prudhomme (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Alan Aric (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Judy Barrett (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Prudence Beers (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Paul G. Wexler (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Eddie Kane (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Tido Fedderson (Court lady)
Patricia Hitchcock (Court lady)
Adele Cook Johnson (Court lady)
Frank deKova (Abiram)
Joyce Miller (Court lady)
Lorraine Moscati (Court lady)
Betty Bassett (Court lady)
Helene Heigh (Court lady)
Vicki Bakkan (Court lady/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Charmienne Harker (Court lady/Lady from Crete)
Jan Bradley (Court lady/Slave/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Fairy Cunningham (Court lady/Slave)
Madelyn Darrow (Court lady in pool)
Mary Ellen Kay (Court lady in pool)
Henry Wilcoxon (Pentaur)
Dawn Richard (Court lady in pool)
Chuck Hamilton (Slave/Hebrew at Crag)
Yvonne Peattie (Slave/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Shari Clark (Slave/Hebrew toward Corridor)
Jefferson Searles (Hebrew toward Corridor)
Mona Fouad (Slave)
Matty Fain (Slave)
Lyn Guild (Slave)
Maia Gregory (Slave)
Ken Christy (Slave)
Eduard Franz (Jethro)
Polly Burson (Slave)
Wanda Brown (Slave)
Cindy Brown (Slave)
Sophie Dimitry (Slave)
Marjie Duncan (Slave)
Edward Earle (Slave)
Edward Foster (Slave)
Paul Gary (Slave)
Leonard George (Slave)
Tony George (Slave)
Donald Curtis (Mered)
Jo Gilbert (Slave)
Jerry Groves (Slave)
Maurice B. Hart (Slave)
Jean Harvey (Slave)
Madeleine Holmes (Slave)
Steve Mitchell (Slave)
Frank Nechero (Slave)
Inez Palange (Slave)
Harry Lewis (Slave)
Ronald Liss (Slave)
Lawrence Dobkin (Hur Ben Caleb)
Casey MacGregor (Slave)
Gloria Rhoads (Slave)
Carlos Rivero (Slave)
Naomi Shaw (Slave)
Hal Sherman (Slave)
Marc Snow (Slave)
Charles Stevens (Slave)
Carl Switzer (Slave)
Hy Terman (Slave)
Than Wyenn (Slave)
H. B. Warner (Amminadab)
Guy Zanette (Slave)
Mitchell Lawrence (Slave)
Norman Leavitt (Slave)
Madge Meredith (Slave)
Ahmed Salah Sayed Ahmed (Slave)
Rita Bennett (Slave)
Lillian Albertson (Slave)
Bill Bagdad (Slave)
Edward Colebrook (Slave)
John Compton (Slave)
Julia Faye (Elisheba)
Frankie Darro (Slave)
Saul Martell (Slave)
Rexford Burnett (Slave)
Claire Andre (Slave)
Dorothy Andre (Slave)
Charlott Knight (Slave)
Miliza Milo (Slave)
Bart Antinora (Slave)
Frank McMahon (Slave)
Preston Peterson (Slave)
Lisa Mitchell (Jethro's daughter)
Lila Finn (Slave)
Mary Ann Hawkins (Slave)
Julie Mitchum (Slave)
George Kilburn (Slave)
John Mixon (Slave)
Pat Moran (Slave)
Ister Shattah (Slave)
Connie Van (Slave)
Louise Volding (Slave)
Dan White (Slave)
Noelle Williams (Jethro's daughter)
Robin Morse (Pit slave)
Hal Gerard (Slave/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Richard Gilden (Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Vera Denham (Slave/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Vera M. Francis (Nubian slave)
Loray White (Nubian slave)
Edmund Hashim (Captain of the guards/Officer/Captain of trumpeters)
Peter Coe (Soldier)
Tony Marcos (Treasury guard)
Hanaf Abou Esma (Treasury guard)
Joanna Merlin (Jethro's daughter)
Mah Sala Eldin (Treasury guard)
Robert Bice (Sergeant)
Salah Higazy (Sergeant)
Gamel Faris (Sergeant)
Peter Baldwin (Courtier)
John F. Cretan (Courtier/Slave/Hebrew toward Corridor)
Norman Bartold (Signalman)
Jack Baston (Fan bearer)
Arthur A. Tookoyan (Fan bearer)
Naaman Brown (Ethiopian)
Pat Richard (Jethro's daughter)
Archie Savage (Ethiopian)
Herbert Butterfield (Royal physician)
Paul Harvey (Royal physician)
Cliff Carnell (Edomite ambassador)
John Diggs (Babylonian ambassador)
Gavin Gordon (Trojan ambassador)
John Hart (Cretan ambassador)
Guy Manford (Assyrian ambassador)
Dean Cromer (Court man)
Michael Harris (Court man)
Joyce Vanderveen (Jethro's daughter)
Robert Forrest (Court man)
John Drexel (Court man)
Walter Kray (Court man)
Nico Minardos (Court man)
Harry Rand (Court man/Slave)
Michael Legend (Court man/Spearman)
Jack Cunningham (Spearman)
Ralph Major (Spearman)
Julian Upton (Spearman)
Greigh Phillips (Spearman/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Diane Hall (Jethro's daughter)
Robert Vaughn (Spearman/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Tony Dante (Libyan captain)
J. Stevan Darrell (Man with bedding)
Jann Darlyn (Swimmer)
Robert A. Dumas (Palace guard)
Charles Evans (Councillor)
Stephen Roberts (Councillor)
Herbert Heyes (Old councillor)
Franklin Farnum (High official)
Jack Fleming (Servant)
Abbas El Boughdadly (Rameses' charioteer)
Judy Goren (Girl with donkey)
Kay Hammond (Grease woman)
Peter Hansen (Young aide)
Robert D. Herron (Courier)
Robert Hunter (Courier)
Hallene Hill (Old woman)
Robert Kendall (Slave boy with pigeons)
Don Kent (Captain of Tintyru)
Len Hendry (Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Glen Kilburn (Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Cavalry Corps, Egyptian Armed Forces (Pharaoh's chariot host)
Alfred P. Meissner (Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Robert Roy St. Clair (Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Emilie C. Stevens (Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Walter Woolf King (Herald)
Mel Koontz (Ethiopian witch doctor)
Frank Lackteen (Old man in granary/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Old man/Old man praying)
Ethan Laidlaw (Elder of Joseph)
Stuart Randall (Elder of Joseph)
Mohamed el Deeb (Elder)
Harry Landers (Architect's assistant/Hebrew at Rameses' gate)
Fraser Heston (The infant Moses)
David Leonard (Elderly treader)
Jerry Lucas (Hebrew at Rameses' gate/Jailer)
Don Lynch (Officer/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Emmett Lynn (Old slave man/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Barry Macollum (Slave/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Anthony Marsh (Slave/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Beverly Mathews (Slave/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Herbert Lytton (Sethi's attendant/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Terry Macrae (Courtier/Slave)
Larue Malouf (Hebrew girl at Sphinx)
John Miljan (The blind one)
Eugenia Paul (Hebrew girl at Sphinx)
Serena Sande (Hebrew girl at Sphinx)
Sharon Manns (Girl with water bag/Hebrew girl at Crag and Corridor)
Michael Mark (Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Old man who blesses Moses)
John Merrick (Officer/Egyptian captain)
John Milford (Attendant to Trojan ambassador/Young father)
Michael Moore (Father)
Neyle Morrow (Slave/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Standard bearer/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Zeev Bufman (Slave/Hebrew in exodus/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Alix Nagy (Water carrier/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Francis J. McDonald (Simon)
Stanley Price (Slave carrying load)
Adeline de Walt Reynolds (Frail old lady)
Kent Lewis Richland (Slave boy/Hebrew boy at Rameses' gate)
Mel Roberts (Little boy in exodus)
George Robotham (Attendant)
Vic Romito (Officer/Hebrew in exodus/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Mickey Roth (Officer)
Harry Woods (Officer)
Linda Sue Rowen (Little girl at Crag and Corridor)
Paul T. Salata (Amalekite)
Ian Keith (Rameses I)
Ken Terrell (Amalekite)
Carl Saxe (Amalekite/High priest)
Kathryn Sheldon (Old Hebrew woman kneading bread at Moses' house/Small woman/Hebrew in exodus)
Mickey Simpson (Overseer watching from door)
Bunny Warner (Little girl)
Paul Weber (Architect/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Alan Wells (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Standard bearer)
Anna Cheselka ()
Bernard K. Gozier ()
Irene Tedrow ()
Paul DeRolf (Eleazar)
Patricia Tribble ()
Woodrow Strode (King of Ethiopia)
Tommy Duran (Gershom)
Eugene Mazzola (Rameses' son)
Ramsay Hill (Korah)
Joan Woodbury (Korah's wife)
Esther Brown (Princess Tharbis)
Rushti Abaza (Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Dorothy Adams (Hebrew woman at Rameses' gate/Slave woman)
Eric Alden (High-ranking officer/Taskmaster/Slave/Officer)
E. J. Andre (Sheik of Hazerath)
Babette Bain (Little Miriam)
Baynes Barron (Taskmaster)
Kay Bell (Taskmaster/Red-bearded slave)
Mary Benoit (Guardian of the Prince/Court woman/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Mother)
Henry Brandon (Commander of the hosts)
Robert Carson (Adult Eleazar)
Robert Clark (Little boy in exodus)
Rus Conklin (Whip-scarred brick carrier/Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
Touch Connors (Amalekite herder)
Henry Corden (Sheik of Ezion)
Edna Mae Cooper (Court lady)
Kem Dibbs (Corporal)
Maude Fealy (Slave woman/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor)
Mimi Gibson (Slave girl/Little girl)
Diane Gump (Slave)
Nancy Hale (Court lady in pool)
June Jocelyn (Court lady/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Wife of Overseer)
Richard Kean (Old Hebrew at Moses's house/Hebrew toward Corridor)
Gail Kobe (Pretty slave girl)
Fred Kohler (Foreman)
Kenneth MacDonald (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Slave)
Peter Mamakos (Chief driver)
Irene Martin (Tuya)
George Melford (Hebrew at Golden Calf/Nobleman)
John Merton (Architect's assistant)
Amena Mohamed (Architect's assistant)
Paula Morgan (Hebrew woman/Slave)
Dorothy Neumann (Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Slave/Hebrew at Dathan's tent)
John Parrish (Sheik of Rephidim)
Rodd Redwing (Taskmaster/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Addison Richards (Fan bearer)
Keith Richards (Hebrew at Golden Calf/Courtier/Slave/Hebrew at Dathan's tent/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Overseer)
Marcoreta Starr (Slave/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Onslow Stevens (Lugal)
Clint Walker (Sardinian captain)
Amanda Webb (Hebrew at Golden Calf/Young woman/Hebrew in exodus)
Frank Wilcox (Wazir)
Jeane Wood (Slave/Hebrew at Crag and Corridor/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
Cecil B. DeMille (Narrator)
Cliff Gould (Nobleman)
Max Keith (Nobleman)
Bob Stratton (Nobleman)
Steve Wyman (Nobleman)
Maria Elena Aza (Dancing girl)
Jeanne Gerson (Slave/Slave with donkey/Hebrew in exodus)
Antony Eustrel (High Priest)
Robert Griffin (High Priest)
John E. Mather (High Priest)
Allan Douglas (Hebrew in exodus/Hebrew at Golden Calf)
George Baxter (Wazir)
Harriet Brest (Hebrew in exodus)
Dorothy Crider (Hebrew in exodus)
Ida Ratliff (Hebrew in exodus)
Florine Caplan (Hebrew woman)
Director:
Cecil B. DeMille (Dir)
Arthur Rosson
Francisco Day (Asst dir)
Michael Moore (Asst dir)
Edward Salven (Asst dir)
Daniel McCauley (Asst dir)
Al Mann (Asst dir)
Jeff Selznick (Asst dir)
Farid el Guiendy (Asst dir)
Gamel Fares (Asst dir)
Sherif M. Hammouda (Asst dir)
Abdel Salem Moussa
Hussein el Din Moustafa (Asst dir)
Loutfy Nour el Din (Asst dir)
Fikry Ramzy (Asst dir)
Mahmoud el Sabbaa (Asst dir)
Mahmoud Serry (Asst dir)
Raouf el Shafic (Asst dir)
Ahmed el Toukly (Asst dir)
Fouad Aref
Clem Jones
Henry Brill
Fawzy Aly
Saleh Fawzy
Ibrahim el Gamal
Amina Mohamed
Fouad el Din Saleh
Simon Saleh
Writer:
Aeneas MacKenzie
Jesse L. Lasky
Jack Gariss
Fredric M. Frank
Producer:
Cecil B. DeMille (Prod)
Henry Wilcoxon (Assoc prod)
Distribution
Company:
Paramount Pictures Corp.
Production
Company:
Paramount Pictures Corp.
Summary:
During the rule of Rameses I in Ancient Egypt, the pharaoh is informed that the Hebrew slaves believe that a recently seen star portends the arrival of a deliverer who will free them. Wanting to subvert the deliverer, yet unwilling to kill all the Hebrew slaves, Rameses I theorizes that the deliverer must be newly born and so orders the death of every male, Hebrew infant. Jewish slave Yochabel, along with her young daughter Miriam, prepares an ark of bulrushes and places her infant son in it. Pushing the ark into the Nile, Yochabel instructs Miriam to follow it, and the girl watches as it is found by Bithiah, the pharaoh’s daughter. The recently widowed Bithiah believes that the baby was sent by her deceased husband and, naming him Moses, dismisses the concern of her servant Memnet, who warns her that the child’s swaddling cloth was made by Levite Hebrews. Declaring that her son will be a prince of Egypt, Bithiah makes Memnet vow never to reveal his origins, although the servant secretly keeps the cloth.

Thirty years later, Bithiah’s brother Sethi is pharaoh, and Moses is much loved by the Egyptians, even more than Sethi’s own son, Rameses II. Rameses is deeply jealous of Moses, who has returned from Ethiopia after conquering it in Sethi’s name. Sethi chides Rameses for not completing the treasure city for his upcoming jubilee, and Rameses blames his failure on the stubbornness of the Hebrew slaves. At Rameses’ urging, Sethi sends Moses to oversee the new city’s construction, much to the chagrin of Nefretiri, the princess who must marry Sethi’s heir. Nefretiri is in love with Moses, who shares her passion, even though Sethi has not announced whether Moses or Rameses will succeed him. In Goshen, where the new city is being built, Moses supervises Baka, the cold-hearted master builder. Also driving the slaves is Dathan, a ruthless Hebrew who has become an overseer. Dathan and Baka both desire Lilia, a Hebrew slave who is in love with the stone cutter Joshua.

One day, Yochabel, now an old woman, is almost crushed by the enormous stones being used to build the city. Joshua is condemned to death for attempting to save her, and Lilia then races through the crowd to find Moses and plead for his mercy. Upon examining the scene, Moses frees Yochabel and Joshua, then decrees that not only should the exhausted, starving slaves have a day of rest, they should be fed from the temple granaries. Soon the city is almost completed, and although Rameses and the greedy priests attempt to prejudice Sethi against Moses, Sethi is pleased by Moses’ progress. Sethi announces his intention to name Moses his successor, but Memnet, determined not to let a Hebrew sit on Egypt’s throne, reveals the truth of his birth to Nefretiri. Desperate to protect her beloved, Nefretiri kills Memnet, then tries to cover her actions. She confesses all to Moses, however, when he finds the swaddling cloth. Astonished by the news, Moses seeks out Yochabel, whom Nefretiri reveals is his mother. Moses finds Yochabel just as Bithiah is pleading with her to leave Egypt before Moses learns the truth, but when Yochabel cannot deny that he is her son, Moses accepts his heritage.

After being welcomed by Miriam and his brother Aaron, Moses begins working in the mud pits making bricks alongside the slaves he once commanded. Although Yochabel is convinced that Moses is the deliverer, he remains doubtful about the god of the Hebrews. Later, Nefretiri pleads with Moses to return to the palace before Sethi learns of his situation. Nefretiri’s argument that he can better help his people after he is pharaoh seems to sway Moses, but he states that first he must see Baka, who has taken Lilia to be his house slave. Moses arrives as Baka is about to whip Joshua, who had come to rescue Lilia. Infuriated by Baka’s callousness, Moses kills him, then reveals his heritage to Joshua. The amazed stone cutter declares that Moses is the deliverer, and his words are overheard by Dathan, who informs Rameses. On the day of Sethi’s jubilee, Rameses announces that he has captured the Hebrew deliverer, and the courtiers are stunned when Moses, bound in chains, is led in. Shaken, Sethi asks Moses if he would lead the slaves in revolt against him, and Moses confesses that he would free them if he could. The heartbroken Sethi then announces that Rameses will succeed him and marry Nefretiri, and leaves Moses’ fate for Rameses to determine. Rameses then escorts Moses to the edge of the vast desert and, giving him the pole to which he was bound as a staff, tells him to go forth into his kingdom.

Despite his lack of water and food, Moses crosses the desert to reach Midian, where he collapses at a well tended by the daughters of Bedouin shepherd Jethro. As time passes, Moses is accepted by the Bedouins and marries Jethro’s oldest daughter, Sephora, although he confesses that he is still tormented by the thought of Nefretiri. Several years later, Moses and Sephora have a son, Gershom, and happily tend their flocks, while in Egypt, Rameses, made pharaoh after the Sethi’s death, has a son with Nefretiri. One day, Moses sees a burning bush on Mt. Sinai, the holy mountain of God. Climbing up the mountain, upon which no mortal man has set foot before, Moses finds the burning bush and hears the voice of God, who orders him to return to Egypt and lead the Israelites to Sinai, where they will receive God’s laws. Although he still doubts his ability to serve God, Moses is touched by the “light of the eternal mind,” and Joshua, who escaped from Egypt, swears to accompany him, as does Sephora. [An Intermission divides the story at this point.]
      

Upon reaching Egypt, Moses confronts Rameses, demanding that his people be freed. Rameses laughs at Moses’ proclamation that he brings the word of God, although Nefretiri is thrilled to see that Moses is alive. When Moses turns his staff into a serpent that swallows up the serpents produced by the Egyptian priests, Rameses dismisses his actions as a magician’s tricks, then continues to ignore Moses’ pleas to free his people, even though God sets loose nine plagues upon Egypt. Finally, after Moses turns the Nile into blood for seven days, Rameses’ advisors urge him to acquiesce, but the pharaoh insists that there must be a natural explanation for the phenomenon. When Rameses again denies Moses, Moses asserts that one final, terrible plague will be brought upon the Egyptians by Rameses’ own words. Scornful, Rameses declares that the next day, his soldiers will kill all the firstborn Hebrew children. Rameses’ words are turned back upon him, however, when the Hebrews protect their children by painting their doors with lambs’ blood, and a spreading pestilence kills every other firstborn child, including Rameses’ own son. Grief-stricken, Rameses grants the slaves their freedom, but after the exodus has begun, the vengeful Nefretiri taunts Rameses until he orders his charioteers to chase the freed slaves. Soon the Egyptian forces find the Hebrews by the Red Sea, and Dathan foments a call for Moses’ death for leading them to certain doom.

To demonstrate the power of the Lord, Moses uses his staff to part the Red Sea and clear a path for the Hebrews, while God’s pillar of fire holds back the chariots. When the fire dissipates, Rameses orders his soldiers to cross the Red Sea, but before they can reach the Hebrews, Moses restores the sea and the Egyptians are drowned. Defeated, Rameses returns to the palace and there declares to Nefretiri that the god of Moses cannot be defied. Soon after, Moses leads his people to the base of Mt. Sinai and ascends the mountain to receive God’s laws. As forty days pass, the people grow anxious, with Dathan proclaiming that because Moses must be dead, the people should return to Egypt, where at least they can find food. Dathan assures the people that if they follow an Egyptian idol, they will be safe from the pharaoh’s wrath, and Aaron is ordered to craft a large, golden calf.

Meanwhile, on the mountain, Moses witnesses God’s finger carve His ten commandments on two stone tablets. When Moses comes down from the mountain to share the laws, he is horrified to see the people worshipping the calf. Dathan attempts to defy Moses, but Moses throws the tablets on the ground, causing an immense earthquake that swallows the nonbelievers. Although they are forced by God’s anger to wander the wilderness for forty years, Moses and his people remain strong in their faith, until one day, they come to the River Jordan, across which lays their promised land. Moses informs his family that God has told him that he shall not pass the river, however, and gives his staff and robe to Joshua, thereby anointing him the new leader. With the restored tablets in the ark of the covenant, Moses urges his people to proclaim liberty throughout the land, then waves farewell as he ascends Mt. Nebo.